Kettle River Range

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Kettle River Range
Kettle-River-Range NASA-MODIS 11Aug2001.jpg
NASA satellite image of north central Washington state and southern British Columbia with the Kettle River Range outlined in red
(photo: MODIS Jacques Descloitres, 2001)
Highest point
Peak Copper Butte (U.S.)
Elevation 2,176 m (7,139 ft)
Coordinates 48°42′09″N 118°27′55″W / 48.70250°N 118.46528°W / 48.70250; -118.46528
Dimensions
Area 2,700 sq mi (7,000 km2)
Geography
Map of Washington highlighting Ferry County.svg
The Kettle River Range defines the eastern and southern borders of Ferry County, Washington
Country Canada/United States
State/Province Boundary Country: Washington & British Columbia
Range coordinates 49°00′N 118°25′W / 49°N 118.42°W / 49; -118.42Coordinates: 49°00′N 118°25′W / 49°N 118.42°W / 49; -118.42
Parent range Monashee Mountains,
parent range: Columbia Mountains

The Kettle River Range, often called the Kettle Range, is a mountain range in far southeastern British Columbia, Canada and Ferry County, Washington, in the United States.[1] Most of the northern half of range is protected by the Colville National Forest[2] and the southern half of the range is located on the Colville Indian Reservation.[3]

Geography[edit]

The Kettle River Range encompasses an area of 2,700 square miles (7,000 km2) and is a subrange of the Monashee Mountains, which in turn form part of the Columbia Mountains.[4] The range runs north to south, bordered on the east by the Kettle River and the Columbia River, and on the west by the Kettle River, the Curlew Valley and the San Poil River. The mountainous region begins immediately north of the U.S.–Canadian border, at Grand Forks, British Columbia, extending 110 miles (177 km) south to the bend of the Columbia River and Lake Roosevelt, formed by Grand Coulee Dam, where it terminates. The Okanogan Highlands are adjacent to the range on the west, and the Selkirk Mountains are adjacent on the east.

The Sherman Pass Scenic Byway runs 40 miles (64 km) east from the town of Republic, Washington across the center of the Kettle River Range and reaches its highest point at Sherman Pass, 5,575 feet (1,699 m), the highest mountain pass open all year in Washington state.[5] The route is named for American Civil War General William Tecumseh Sherman, who crossed the range in the mid 1800s.[6]

History[edit]

Prospectors and low-paid Chinese miners working claims in the Kettle River Range produced more than 839,000 ounces of gold between 1896 and 1959.[7] The largest amounts came from the Republic District although 6,000 ounces of gold came from the Danville and Columbia River Districts.[7] Terrace deposits 30 and 100 feet above the Columbia River at Keller also produced gold.[7] Records state that during this time period, 164 lode mines, where thick mineral veins were worked with pick axes and shovels, and 35 placer mines, where minerals exposed by erosion were recovered from rivers and loose surface soil, operated in Ferry County.[7] -- From 1904 to 1928, the Kettle River Range was the largest producer of gold in the state.[7] Mining operations yielded silver, copper, lead, zinc, platinum, nickel, cobalt, tungsten, iron, and iron pyrite ("fool’s gold"), as well.[7]

The massive White Mountain wildfire burnt and destroyed 21,000 acres of timber in the southern half of the range in 1988, including all but the easternmost flanks of White Mountain, Edds Mountain, Bald Mountain, and Snow Peak, north to Sherman Peak. The State of Washington has built several interesting interpretive sites and pull-outs along roads in the region that explain the devastation.[8]

Today, the Kettle River Range is a popular, all-season recreation area for hiking, sport and aided climbing, snowshoeing, and cross-country skiing. The Kettle Crest National Recreation Trail follows the backbone of the range, and may be accessed at the Kettle Crest Trailhead on the north or the Deer Creek Summit South/Sno-Park Trailhead on the south.[9]

Major summits[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]