Kevin Roche

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Kevin Roche
Born (1922-06-14) June 14, 1922 (age 92)
Dublin, Ireland
Nationality American
Awards AIA Gold Medal
Twenty-five Year Award
American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medals
Pritzker Prize
Practice Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo & Associates
Buildings Convention Centre Dublin, Head Office for Bouygues, Lafayette Tower, Shiodome City Center, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, Museum of Jewish Heritage, Santander Central Hispano, 1101 New York Avenue, Ford Foundation, John Deere World Headquarters, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Oakland Museum of California

Kevin Roche, FAIA born Eamonn Kevin Roche (June 14, 1922), is an Irish-born American Pritzker Prize-winning architect. He has been responsible for the design/master planning for over 200 built projects in both the U.S. and abroad. These projects include eight museums, 38 corporate headquarters, seven research facilities, performing arts centers, theaters, and campus buildings for six universities. In 1967 he created the master plan for the Metropolitan Museum of Art, and since then has designed all of the new wings and installation of many collections including the recently reopened American[1] and Islamic Wings.

Among other awards, Roche received the Pritzker Prize in 1982,[2] the Gold Medal Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters in 1990, and the AIA Gold Medal in 1993. In 2012, Roche was inducted into Irish America magazine's Hall of Fame.[3]

Biography[edit]

Born in Dublin, but raised in Mitchelstown, County Cork, Roche graduated from University College Dublin in 1945. He then worked with Michael Scott from 1945 to 1946. From summer to fall of 1946 he worked with Maxwell Fry in London. In 1947 he applied for graduate studies at Harvard, Yale, and Illinois Institute of Technology and was accepted at all three institutions, and left Ireland in 1948 to study under Ludwig Mies van der Rohe at the Illinois Institute of Technology. In 1949, he worked at the planning office for the United Nations Headquarters building in New York City. In 1950, he joined the firm of Eero Saarinen and Associates.[4] In 1954, he became the Principal Design Associate to Eero Saarinen and assisted him on all of the projects from that time until Eero Saarinen's death in September 1961. Roche completed 12 major unfinished Saarinen projects, including some of Saarinen's best-known work: the Gateway Arch, the expressionistic TWA Flight Center at JFK International Airport in New York, Dulles International Airport outside Washington, DC, the strictly modern John Deere Headquarters in Moline, Illinois, and the CBS Headquarters building in New York City.[5]

In 1966, Roche and John Dinkeloo formed the firm Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates upon completion of Saarinen's projects. Together, their first major commission was the Oakland Museum of California, a complex for the art, natural history, and cultural history of California with a design featuring interrelated terraces and roof gardens.

The firm of Roche & Dinkeloo has designed numerous corporate headquarters, office buildings, banks, museums, and art centers. Roche has served as a trustee of the American Academy in Rome, president of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, member of the National Academy of Design, and member of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts.[6]

Buildings[edit]

The Head Office for Bouygues SA Holding company received the “Haute Qualité Environnementale (HQE)” which is the highest certification for environmental quality in building design in France.
Headquarters for Santander Central Hispano located in Madrid, Spain.
New American Wing for Twentieth Century Art at the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
The continuous glass wall at Lucent Technologies in Nurnberg, Germany wraps around the complex to create a unified street facade.
Unlike conventional New York office buildings which isolate the occupants, the Ford Foundation Headquarters creates an environment of openness and fosters a sense of working family.[citation needed]
The DN Tower 21 in Tokyo, Japan.

Awards and Honors[edit]

Mr. Roche has been the recipient of numerous honors and awards, including the following:

  • Pritzker Prize
  • American Institute of Architects – AIA Gold Medal
  • American Academy of Arts and Letters Gold Medals – Gold Medal Award for Architecture
  • Academie d'Architecture – Grand Gold Medal
  • Total Design Award, American Society of Interior Designers
  • Medal of Honor, New York Chapter of the AIA
  • American Institute of Architects Twenty-five Year Award
  • Classical America's Arthur Ross Award
  • The Brendan Gill Prize of the Municipal Art Society of New York
  • R. S. Reynolds Memorial Award
  • New York State Award
  • California Governor's Award for Excellence in Design
  • Albert S. Bard First Honor Awards, City Club of New York
  • Brandeis University Creative Arts Award in Architecture
  • Brunner Award of the American Institute of Art and Letters
  • New York Chapter American Institute of Architects Award

Honorary Degrees:

Exhibitions: KEVIN ROCHE Architecture as Environment

  • Yale University, New Haven, CT February 7, 2011 – May 6, 2011
  • Museum of the City of New York, New York, NY September 27, 2011 – February 13, 2012
  • National Building Museum, Washington, D.C. June 16, 2012 – December 2, 2012

Further reading[edit]

Articles
  • Currey, Mason. “Rediscovered Masterpiece: Ford Foundation.” Metropolis. December 2008, pp. 90–104
  • McMillan, Elizabeth. “Kevin Roche: Pritzker Prize Winner.” Veranda. October 2007, pp. 150–158, 241.
  • Lee, Sangleem. “Kevin Roche.” Space. July 2006 pp. 159–181.
Special magazine editions
  • Nakamura, Toshio. Kevin Roche, Architecture and Urbanism (A+U) Extra Edition, Tokyo, Japan: The Japan Architect Co., Ltd. Yoshio Yoshida, Publisher, 1987 [Introduction by Toshio Nakamura, essays by Ludwig Glaeser and Nubuo Hozumi.]
  • Hozumi, Toshio et al. Latest Works of Kevin Roche John Dinkeloo and Associates, Architecture & Urbanism, (A+U), No. 211, Tokyo, Japan: The Japan Architect Co., Ltd., April, 1988, No.211.
  • Hara, Hiroshi and Nobutaka Ashira. America’s New Architectural Wave: The Architect Kevin Roche’s Appearance on The Scene, SD Space Design No. 63, A Monthly Journal of Art & Architecture, Tokyo, Japan: January 1970.
  • Miller, Nory. Roche Dinkeloo, General Foods Headquarters, Texas Christian University Visual Arts Center, One Summit Square, Deere Financial Services Hdqrs., & Kevin Roche Interview Global Architecture, GA Document 9, A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., February 1984.
  • Futagawa, Yukio. Roche Dinkeloo, 6 High Rise Projects Deutsche Bank, J. P. Morgan, Design for Two Buildings in Denver, Dallas Competition, High Rise Study in Houston]. Global Architecture, GA Document 12. Tokyo, Japan: A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., January 1985.
  • Miller, Nory. Roche Dinkeloo Cummins Engine Company Corporate Office Building, Columbus Indiana & Conoco Inc. Petroleum Headquarters, Global Architecture, GA Document 14, editing and publishing by Yukio Futagawa, A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., photographs, RETORIA: Y. Futagawa & Associated Photographers, December 1985.
  • Futagawa, Yukio. Roche Dinkeloo, Bouygues Headquarters, Global Architecture, GA Document 22. Tokyo, Japan: A.D.A. EDITA Tokyo Co., Ltd., January 1989.

References[edit]

  1. ^ COTTER, HOLLAND (January 15, 2012). "The Met Reimagines the American Story". Art Review (New York Times). Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  2. ^ GOLDBERGER, PAUL (April 15, 1982). "KEVIN ROCHE WINS PRITZKER PRIZE IN ARCHITECTURE". Times Article (New York Times). Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  3. ^ Langan, Sheila. "Kevin Roche Visionary Architect", "Irish America magazine", March 14, 2012. Accessed March 21, 2012. "Kevin Roche has established himself as one of the finest modern architects of his generation."
  4. ^ ], [http://www.irishtimes.com/newspaper/weekend/2011/0409/1224294270946.html An Irish starchitect: the iconic buildings that have made Kevin Roche's reputation The Irish Times newspaper, 9 April 2011
  5. ^ unknown, unknown (December 14, 1992). "Architecture Award to Kevin Roche". December 14, 1992 (New York Times). Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Thomas E. Luebke, ed., Civic Art: A Centennial History of the U.S. Commission of Fine Arts (Washington, D.C.: U.S. Commission of Fine Arts, 2013): Appendix B, p. 553.
  7. ^ GOLDBERGER, PAUL (November 29, 1987). "ARCHITECTURE VIEW; Kevin Roche Finishes a Trio And Changes His Tune". New York Times. Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  8. ^ unknown, unknown (September 30, 1989). "Kevin Roche Honored For Redesign of Zoo". September 30, 1989 (New York Times). Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  9. ^ VOGEL, CAROL (January 5, 2012). "Advertise on NYTimes.com Grand Galleries for National Treasures". Times Article (New York Times). Retrieved 23 February 2012. 
  10. ^ Yudell, Leslie. "Leslie Yudell". Architectural Record. Retrieved 24 February 2012. 

External links[edit]