|26th Prime Minister of Australia
Elections: 2007, 2013
27 June 2013 – 18 September 2013
|Governor General||Quentin Bryce|
|Preceded by||Julia Gillard|
|Succeeded by||Tony Abbott|
3 December 2007 – 24 June 2010
|Governor General||Michael Jeffery
|Preceded by||John Howard|
|Succeeded by||Julia Gillard|
|Leader of the Labor Party|
26 June 2013 – 13 September 2013
|Preceded by||Julia Gillard|
|Succeeded by||Bill Shorten|
4 December 2006 – 24 June 2010
|Preceded by||Kim Beazley|
|Succeeded by||Julia Gillard|
|Minister for Foreign Affairs|
14 September 2010 – 22 February 2012
|Prime Minister||Julia Gillard|
|Preceded by||Stephen Smith|
|Succeeded by||Bob Carr|
|Leader of the Opposition|
4 December 2006 – 3 December 2007
|Preceded by||Kim Beazley|
|Succeeded by||Brendan Nelson|
|Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs|
11 November 2001 – 4 December 2006
|Preceded by||Jenny Macklin|
|Succeeded by||Stephen Smith|
|Member of the Australian Parliament
3 October 1998 – 22 November 2013
|Preceded by||Graeme McDougall|
|Succeeded by||Terri Butler|
|9th Chairperson-in-office of the Commonwealth of Nations|
27 June 2013 – 18 September 2013
|Preceded by||Julia Gillard|
|Succeeded by||Tony Abbott|
|Born||Kevin Michael Rudd
21 September 1957
Nambour, Queensland, Australia
|Political party||Labor Party|
|Residence||Norman Park, Queensland, Australia|
|Alma mater||Australian National University|
Kevin Michael Rudd (born 21 September 1957) is an Australian former politician who was twice Prime Minister of Australia, from 2007 to 2010, and again in 2013. He was the first former prime minister to return to the office since Robert Menzies in 1949.
Having previously served as a diplomat, and then as an official for the Queensland Government, Rudd was initially elected to the House of Representatives for Griffith in 1998. He was promoted to the Shadow Cabinet in 2001 as Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs. In December 2006, he successfully challenged Kim Beazley to become the Leader of the Labor Party, subsequently becoming the Leader of the Opposition. Under Rudd, Labor overtook the incumbent Liberal/National Coalition led by John Howard in the polls, making a number of policy announcements on areas such as industrial relations, health, climate change, education ("Building the Education Revolution", "Digital Education Revolution"), and the National Broadband Network.
Labor won the 2007 election by a landslide, with a 23-seat swing in its favour, and Rudd was sworn in as the 26th Prime Minister of Australia on 3 December. The Rudd Government's first acts included signing the Kyoto Protocol and delivering an apology to Indigenous Australians for the Stolen Generations. The previous government's industrial relations legislation, WorkChoices, was largely dismantled, Australia's remaining Iraq War combat personnel were withdrawn, and the "Australia 2020 Summit" was held. In response to the global financial crisis, the government provided economic stimulus packages, and Australia was one of the few developed countries to avoid the late-2000s recession.
Despite a long period of popularity in opinion polls, a significant fall in Rudd's personal ratings in the middle of 2010 was blamed on a proposed Resource Super Profits Tax and the deferral of the Senate-rejected Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme. With the next election drawing near, there was growing dissatisfaction with Rudd's leadership within the Labor Party. Eventually, Rudd's deputy, Julia Gillard, announced on 23 June 2010 that she would challenge him for the leadership the following day. Knowing he would be defeated if he contested the leadership, on the morning of the ballot Rudd resigned as Prime Minister. After his resignation, he successfully re-contested his seat at the 2010 election, after which Labor formed a minority government.
He was subsequently promoted back to the Cabinet by Prime Minister Julia Gillard as Minister for Foreign Affairs, a post he remained in until he resigned on 22 February 2012 after an unsuccessful attempt to challenge Gillard for the leadership. Following persistent tensions, Gillard announced another caucus ballot on the leadership on 26 June 2013, from which Rudd emerged victorious. He was sworn in as Prime Minister for a second time the following day, and formed his second Cabinet, which contained a record number of women. He also became the first serving Australian Prime Minister to publicly support same-sex marriage. Despite an initial rise in opinion polls following his return, Labor was defeated in the 2013 election. Rudd resigned as Prime Minister for a second time on 18 September, and announced on 13 November that he would be stepping down from Parliament within a few days. On 22 November, Rudd formally tendered his resignation to the Speaker of the House of Representatives. In February 2014, he was named a Senior Fellow with John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
- 1 Early life and education
- 2 Entry into politics
- 3 Member of Parliament
- 4 First term as Prime Minister
- 4.1 Domestic policies
- 4.2 Foreign affairs
- 4.3 Political positions
- 4.4 Resignation
- 5 2010 election
- 6 Foreign Minister
- 7 2012 leadership election
- 8 2013 leadership elections
- 9 Second term as Prime Minister
- 10 Personal life
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 Bibliography
- 14 External links
Early life and education
Rudd was born in Nambour, Queensland, to Albert ("Bert") and Margaret (née DeVere) Rudd, the youngest son of four children, and grew up on a dairy farm in nearby Eumundi. At an early age (5–7), he contracted rheumatic fever and spent a considerable time at home convalescing. It damaged his heart, in particular his valves, for which he has thus far had two aortic valve replacement surgeries, but this was only discovered some 12 years later. Farm life, which required the use of horses and guns, is where he developed his lifelong love of horse riding and shooting clay targets.
When Rudd was 11, his father, a share farmer and Country Party member, died. Rudd states that the family was required to leave the farm amidst financial difficulty between two to three weeks after the death, though the family of the landowner states that the Rudds didn't have to leave for almost six months. Following this traumatic childhood and despite familial connections with the Country Party, Rudd joined the Australian Labor Party, "the party of social justice", in 1972 at the age of 15.
Rudd boarded at Marist College Ashgrove in Brisbane, although these years were not happy due to the indignity of poverty and reliance on charity; he was known to be a "charity case" due to his father's sudden death. He has since described the school as "tough, harsh, unforgiving, institutional Catholicism of the old school". Two years later, after she retrained as a nurse, Rudd's mother moved the family to Nambour, and Rudd rebuilt his standing through study and scholastic application and was dux of Nambour State High School in 1974. His future Treasurer Wayne Swan attended the same school at the same time, although they did not know each other as Swan was three years ahead. In that year, he was also the Queensland winner of the Rotary "Youth Speaks for Australia" public speaking contest.
Rudd is of English and Irish descent. His paternal fourth great-grandparents were English and of convict heritage: Thomas Rudd and Mary Cable. Thomas arrived from London, England in 1801; Mary arrived from Essex in 1804. Thomas Rudd, who was convicted of stealing a bag of sugar, arrived in NSW on board the Earl Cornwallis in 1801.
Rudd studied at the Australian National University in Canberra, where he resided at Burgmann College and graduated with Bachelor of Arts (Asian Studies) with First-Class Honours. He majored in Chinese language and Chinese history, became proficient in Mandarin. His Chinese name is Lù Kèwén (simplified Chinese: 陆克文; traditional Chinese: 陸克文).
Rudd's thesis on Chinese democracy activist Wei Jingsheng was supervised by Pierre Ryckmans, the eminent Belgian-Australian sinologist. During his studies, Rudd did housecleaning for political commentator Laurie Oakes to earn extra money. In 1980 he continued his Chinese studies at the Mandarin Training Center of National Taiwan Normal University in Taipei, Taiwan. Delivering the 2008 Gough Whitlam Lecture at the University of Sydney on The Reforming Centre of Australian Politics, Rudd praised the former Labor Prime Minister for implementing educational reforms, saying he was:
... a kid who lived Gough Whitlam's dream that every child should have a desk with a lamp on it where he or she could study. A kid whose mum told him after the 1972 election that it might just now be possible for the likes of him to go to university. A kid from the country of no particular means and of no political pedigree who could therefore dream that one day he could make a contribution to our national political life.
Entry into politics
Rudd joined the Department of Foreign Affairs in 1981, serving as a diplomat until 1988. He and his wife spent most of the 1980s overseas at various Australian embassies, including in Stockholm and in Beijing.
Returning to Australia in 1988, he was appointed Chief of Staff to the Opposition Leader in Queensland, Wayne Goss. He remained in that role when Goss was elected Premier in 1989, a position he held until 1992 when Goss appointed him Director-General of the Office of Cabinet. In this position, Rudd was arguably Queensland's most powerful bureaucrat. He presided over a number of reforms, including development of a national program for teaching foreign languages in schools. Rudd was influential in both promoting a policy of developing an Asian languages and cultures program which was unanimously accepted by the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) in 1992 and later chaired a high-level working group which provided the foundation of the strategy in its report, which is frequently cited as "the Rudd Report".
The Goss Government saw its majority slashed in 1995, before losing it altogether after a by-election one year later. After Goss' resignation, Rudd left the Queensland Government and was hired as a Senior China Consultant by the accounting firm KPMG Australia. While in that position, he won selection to be the Labor candidate for the seat of Griffith at the 1996 federal election. Despite being endorsed by the retiring Labor MP, Ben Humphreys, Rudd was considerably hampered by Labor's unpopularity in Queensland, as well as a redistribution that almost halved Labor's majority. Rudd was defeated by Liberal Graeme McDougall on the eighth count as Labor won only two seats in Queensland. Rudd stood in the same seat against McDougall in the 1998 election, this time winning on the fifth count.
Member of Parliament
Following Labor's defeat in the 2001 federal election, Rudd was promoted to the Shadow Cabinet and appointed Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs. In 2002, he met with British intelligence and helped define the position that Labor would take in regards to the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
There is no debate or dispute as to whether Saddam Hussein possesses weapons of mass destruction. He does. There's no dispute as whether he's in violation of UN Security Council resolutions. He is.
Well, what Secretary Powell and the US seems to have said is that he now has grave doubts about the accuracy of the case he put to the United Nations about the claim that Iraq possessed biological weapons laboratories – the so-called mobile trailers. And here in Australia, that formed also part of the government's argument on the war. I think what it does is it adds to the fabric of how the Australian people were misled about the reasons for going to war.
Rudd's policy experience and parliamentary performances during the Iraq War made him one of the best-known Labor members. When Labor Leader Simon Crean was challenged by his predecessor Kim Beazley, Rudd did not publicly commit himself to either candidate. When Crean resigned, Rudd was considered a possible candidate for the Labor leadership, however he announced that he would not run in the leadership ballot, and would instead vote for Kim Beazley.
Rudd was predicted by some commentators to be demoted or moved as a result of his support for Beazley following the election of Mark Latham as Leader, but he retained his portfolio. Relations between Latham and Rudd deteriorated during 2004, especially after Latham made his pledge to withdraw all Australian forces from Iraq by Christmas 2004 without consulting Rudd. After Latham failed to win the 2004 federal election, Rudd was again spoken of as a possible alternative leader, although he disavowed any intention of challenging Latham.
When Latham suddenly resigned in January 2005, Rudd was in Indonesia and refused to say whether he would be a candidate for the Labor leadership. After returning from Indonesia, Rudd announced that he would again not contest the leadership, and Beazley was subsequently elected unopposed. Following this, Rudd was given expanded responsibilities in the Shadow Cabinet, retaining his role as Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs and also becoming the Shadow Minister for Trade.
Leader of the Opposition
Following opinion polls indicating that voter support for Rudd as Labor Leader was higher than for Beazley, speculation mounted that Rudd would challenge Beazley for the leadership. One particular poll in November 2006 indicated that support for Labor would double if Rudd was to become Leader. On 1 December 2006, Beazley called a leadership election. Rudd announced his candidacy for the leadership hours later.  On 4 December, Rudd was elected Leader of the Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition with 49 votes to Beazley's 39. Julia Gillard was subsequently elected unopposed as Deputy Leader after Jenny Macklin resigned.
At his first press conference as Labor Leader, having thanked Beazley and Macklin, Rudd said he would offer a "new style of leadership" and would be an "alternative, not just an echo" of the Howard Government. He outlined the areas of industrial relations, the war in Iraq, climate change, Australian federalism, social justice and the future of Australia's manufacturing industry as major policy concerns. Rudd also stressed his long experience in state government and also as a diplomat and in business before entering federal politics.
Rudd and the Labor Party soon overtook the Howard government in both party and leadership polling. Rudd maintained a high media profile with major announcements on an "education revolution", federalism, climate change, a National Broadband Network, and the domestic car industry.
In March 2007 the government raised questions over a series of meetings Rudd had had with former West Australian Labor Premier Brian Burke during 2005, alleging that Rudd had been attempting to use Burke's influence to become Labor leader (after losing office, Burke had spent time in prison before returning to politics as a lobbyist). Rudd said that this had not been the purpose of the three meetings and said that they had been arranged by his colleague Graham Edwards, the Member for Cowan.
From 2002, Rudd appeared regularly in interviews and topical discussions on the popular breakfast television program Sunrise, along with Liberal MP Joe Hockey. This was credited with helping to raise Rudd's public profile even further. Rudd and Hockey ended their joint appearances in April 2007, citing the increasing political pressures of an election year.
On 19 August 2007, it was revealed that Rudd, while on a visit to New York City as Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs, had visited a strip club in September 2003, with New York Post editor Col Allan and Labor MP Warren Snowdon. By way of explanation, Rudd said: "I had had too much to drink, I have no recollection, and nor does Mr Snowdon, of any incident occurring at the nightclub – or of being asked to leave...it is our recollection that we left within about an hour". The incident generated a lot of media coverage, but made no impact on Rudd's popularity in the polls. Some believe the incident may have enabled Rudd to appear "more human" and lifted his popularity.
2007 election victory
Electoral writs were issued for the 2007 federal election on 17 October 2007. On 21 October, Rudd faced incumbent Prime Minister John Howard in a television debate, where he was judged by most media analysts to have performed strongly.
On 14 November, Rudd officially launched the Labor Party's election campaign with a policy of fiscal restraint, usually considered the electoral strength of the opposing Liberal Party. Rudd proposed Labor spending measures totalling $2.3 billion, contrasting them to $9.4 billion Rudd claimed the Liberals had promised, declaring: "Today, I am saying loud and clear that this sort of reckless spending must stop."
The election was held on 24 November, and was won overwhelmingly by Labor. The result was dubbed a 'Ruddslide' by the media and was underpinned by the considerable support from Rudd's home state of Queensland, with the state result recording a two-party preferred swing of 7.53%. The overall swing was 5.44% from the Liberals to Labor, the third largest swing at a federal election since two party estimates began in 1949.
As foreshadowed during the election campaign, on 29 November Rudd announced the members of his Government (see First Rudd Ministry), breaking with more than a century of Labor tradition whereby the frontbench was elected by the Labor caucus, with the leader then given the right to allocate portfolios.
First term as Prime Minister
On 3 December 2007, Rudd was sworn in as the 26th Prime Minister of Australia by Governor-General Michael Jeffery. Rudd was the first Labor Prime Minister in over a decade, and the first ever to make no mention of the monarch when taking his oath of office. He also became only the second Queenslander to lead his party to a federal election victory (the first being Andrew Fisher in 1910) and was the first Prime Minister since the Second World War not to have come from either New South Wales or Victoria.
During his first two years in office, Rudd set records for popularity in Newspoll opinion polling, maintaining very high approval ratings. By 2010, however, Rudd's approval ratings had began to drop significantly, with controversies arising over the management of the financial crisis, the delay of the proposed Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme, policies on asylum seekers and a debate over a proposed "super profits" tax on the mining industry.
The United States diplomatic cables leaks revealed that Robert McCallum, the former US Ambassador to Australia, described Rudd as a "control freak" and "a micro-manager", obsessed with "managing the media cycle rather than engaging in collaborative decision making". Diplomats also criticised Rudd's foreign policy record and considered Rudd's "mis-steps" largely arose from his propensity to make "snap announcements without consulting other countries or within the Australian Government".
On 23 June 2010, following lengthy media speculation, and after it had become apparent that Rudd had lost the support of many Labor MPs, Deputy Prime Minister Julia Gillard publicly asked that a leadership election be held. Rudd announced a leadership election for the following day.
In opposition, Rudd called climate change "the greatest moral, economic and social challenge of our time" and called for a cut to greenhouse gas emissions by 60% before 2050. On 3 December 2007, as his first official act after being sworn in, Rudd signed the Kyoto Protocol. On 15 December 2008, Rudd released a White Paper on reducing Australia's greenhouse gas emissions. The White Paper included a plan to introduce an emissions trading scheme in 2010 that is known as the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme and gave a target range for Australia's greenhouse gas emissions in 2020 of between 5% and 15% less than 2000 levels. The White Paper was criticised by the Federal Government's climate change advisor, Professor Ross Garnaut. Rudd criticised the opposition Liberal Party for its refusal to support the new legislation ("What absolute political cowardice, what absolute failure of leadership, what absolute failure of logic ...") but on 4 May 2009 announced that the Government would delay implementing an emissions trading scheme until 2011. Rudd also deferred the CPRS legislation until 2013.
Rudd was unable to achieve any significant action on a national response to climate change, and abandoned his vision in the face of political opposition. Many of Rudd's minor climate change initiatives were scrapped or slashed by Julia Gillard. However he did implement an expanded mandatory renewable energy target with coalition support.
As the parliament's first order of business, on 13 February 2008, Rudd read an apology directed to Indigenous Australians for the stolen generations. The apology, for the policies of successive parliaments and governments, passed unanimously as a motion by both houses of parliament. Rudd pledged the government to bridging the gap between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Australian health, education and living conditions, and in a way that respects their rights to self-determination. During meetings held in December 2007 and March 2008 the Council of Australian Governments (COAG) adopted six targets to improve the wellbeing of Indigenous Australians over the next five to twenty years. As of late 2011, data on changes since 2008 in relation to most of these targets was not yet available.
WorkChoices, the industrial relations regime introduced by the Howard government, was overhauled. Rudd's 2007 policy included the phasing out of Australian Workplace Agreements over a period of five years, the establishment of a simpler awards system as a safety net, the restoration of unfair dismissal laws for companies with under 100 employees (probation period of 12 months for companies with less than 15 employees), and the retention of the Australian Building and Construction Commission until 2010. It retained the illegality of secondary boycotts, the right of employers to lock workers out, restriction of a union right of entry to workplaces, and restrictions on workers' right to strike. Rudd also established a single industrial relations bureaucracy called Fair Work Australia, designed to play a far more interventionist role than the Howard Government's Fair Pay Commission. Fair Work Australia mediated the 2011 Qantas industrial disputes.
In his first speech to parliament, Rudd affirmed his general belief in competitive markets, while repudiating Thatcherism and supporting the Third Way. Rudd is critical of free market economists such as Friedrich Hayek, although Rudd describes himself as "basically a conservative when it comes to questions of public financial management," pointing to his slashing of public service jobs as a Queensland governmental advisor.
Upon election to office, the Rudd government announced a five-point plan to combat inflation. The first budget of the Rudd government was delivered by Treasurer Wayne Swan in May 2008 and a projected surplus of $21.7 billion was announced. As the global recession began to take hold, the Government guaranteed bank deposits and announced two stimulatory spending packages. The first was worth $10.4 billion and announced in late 2008, and the second worth $42 billion was announced in February 2009 and included $900-dollar cash payments to resident taxpayers who paid net tax in the 2007–08 financial year. After initially raising interest rates to combat inflation, The Reserve Bank cut official interest rates several times in increments of up to 1 percent, and fell to 3 percent in May 2009, the lowest since 1960. The second budget, released in May 2009, projected a $57.6 billion deficit for 2009–10. The majority of the deficit was created by a loss of taxation revenue as a result of the recession, with the rest made up in stimulus and other spending. The downturn was expected to remove $210 billion in taxation revenue from the budget over the next four years.
Following the start of the Global Financial Crisis in 2008, increased exports and consumer spending helped the Australian economy avoid recession in 2009. Australia was the only western economy to do so.
In early 2009, in the wake of the global financial crisis, Rudd stated "that the great neo-liberal experiment of the past 30 years has failed", and that "Neo-liberalism and the free-market fundamentalism it has produced has been revealed as little more than personal greed dressed up as an economic philosophy. And, ironically, it now falls to social democracy to prevent liberal capitalism from cannibalising itself." Rudd called for a new era of "social capitalism" from social democrats such as himself and US President Barack Obama to "support a global financial system that properly balances private incentive with public responsibility".
As part of its economic stimulus program, the government offered householders a rebate for ceiling insulation. Rudd demoted Peter Garrett, the minister responsible for the program, before abandoning the program altogether in 2010 after the scheme was blamed for house fires and 4 deaths. The Building the Education Revolution program sought to stimulate the nationwide economy by employing construction workers in school building developments, but came under media scrutiny following allegations of overpricing and bad value for money.
The Rudd Government's third budget in 2010 projected a $40.8 billion deficit for 2010–11 but forecast that Australia would return to surplus by 2012–13. The government proposed a "super profits" tax on the mining industry and included $12 billion in revenue from the proposal in the forecast, although the tax had not been passed by the Senate.
Australia 2020 Summit
In February 2008 Rudd announced the Australia 2020 Summit, held from 19–20 April 2008, which brought together 1000 leading Australians to discuss ten major areas of policy innovation. Among the initiatives supported at the event, the summit voted in favour of a plebiscite on Australia "relinquishing ties" to the United Kingdom followed by a referendum on the model for an Australian republic, a bill of rights, the re-formation of an Indigenous peak representative body similar to ATSIC, (which had been abolished by the Howard Government), the introduction of an Emissions Trading Scheme, and a review of the taxation system.
Findings released in April 2009 reported that nine out of the 1000 submitted ideas were to be immediately enacted and that the government was deliberating on other ideas proposed. By mid-2010, among the key reform ideas suggested, Prime Minister Rudd had sought to introduce an ETS, but postponed it after failing to secure passage through the senate; formed a consultative committee on a Bill of Rights then rejected its recommendation for implementation; established the National Congress of Australia's First Peoples in 2010; commissioned the Henry Review of taxation (on the basis of which the Rudd Government proposed a new "super-profits" tax on mining); and Rudd had described the issue of a vote on a republic as not being "a priority".
During the election, Rudd promised a "Digital Education Revolution", including provision of a computer on the desk of every upper secondary student. The program initially stalled with state governments asserting that the proposed funding was inadequate. The federal government increased proposed funding from $1.2 billion to $2 billion, and did not mandate that a computer be provided to each upper secondary student. The program supplied office software, photo and video editing software, and web design software, some of it unusable due to the hardware becoming obsolete.
As Prime Minister, Rudd professed his belief in a "Big Australia", while his government increased the immigration quota after to around 300,000 people. In 2010, Rudd appointed Tony Burke as population minister to examine population goals.
In 2008, the government adjusted the mandatory detention policies established by the Keating and Howard governments and declared an end to the Pacific Solution. Boat arrivals increased considerably during 2009 and the Opposition said this was due to the government's policy adjustments, the Government said it was due to "push factors". After a fatal explosion on an asylum seeker boat in April 2009, Rudd said: "People smugglers are the vilest form of human life." Opposition frontbencher Tony Abbott said that Kevin Rudd was inept and hypocritical in his handling of the issue during the Oceanic Viking affair of October 2009. In April 2010, the Rudd government suspended processing new claims by Sri Lankan and Afghan asylum seekers, who comprised 80 per cent of all boat arrivals, for three and six months respectively.
Rudd commissioned the Henry Tax Review, to undertake a "root and branch" review of the Australian taxation system. In 2010, the Rudd government pursued its proposal for a new 40% tax on the "super profits" of resource companies to offset a lower corporate tax rate and some adjustments to superannuation. In the face of strong opposition from the mining industry, the government exempted itself from its own guidelines on taxpayer-funded advertising and launched an advertising campaign in support of its tax policy proposal. During the 2007 election campaign, Rudd had described tax payer funded political advertising as "a long-term cancer on our democracy", but he said that a government funded campaign was needed in 2010 on this issue.
Rudd announced a significant and far-reaching strategic reform to Australian healthcare in 2010. However, this was not pursued beyond in-principle agreements with Labor State and Territory governments, and was scrapped by Julia Gillard during her first year in office.
In accordance with a Multinational Force Iraq agreement with the new Iraqi Government, Labor's plan to withdraw the Australian Defence Force "combat" contingent was completed on 28 July 2009, three days ahead of the deadline. In mid-2010, there were about 65 ADF personnel remaining in Iraq supporting UN operations or the Australian Embassy.
While Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs, Rudd said that Afghanistan was 'terrorism central'. In July 2005 he said:
- It's time to recognise once and for all that terrorism central is Afghanistan. You see, a lot of Jemaah Islamiah's terrorist operations in South East Asia are financed by the reconstitution of the opium crop in Afghanistan – $2.3 billion a year worth of narco-finance flowing out of Afghanistan into terrorist groups here in our region, our neighbourhood, our backyard.
As Prime Minister, Rudd continued to support Australian military involvement in Afghanistan, despite the growing number of Australian casualties. On 29 April 2009, Rudd committed 450 extra troops to the region bringing the total to 1550. Explaining the deployment he said:
- A measured increase in Australian forces in Afghanistan will enhance the security of Australian citizens, given that so many terrorists attacking Australians in the past have been trained in Afghanistan.
On a November 2009 visit to Afghanistan, Rudd told Australian troops: "We from Australia will remain for the long haul." In April 2010, the Australian Government decided not to commit further troops to Uruzgan province to replace Dutch forces when they withdraw, but increased the numbers of diplomatic, development aid, and police personnel to around 50 with military effort and civilian work focussed on Uruzgan.
As shadow foreign minister, Rudd reformulated Labor's foreign policy in terms of "Three Pillars": engagement with the UN, engagement with Asia, and the US alliance.
Although disagreeing with the original commitment to the Iraq War, Rudd supports the continued deployment of Australian troops in Iraq, but not the continued deployment of combat troops. Rudd was also in favour of Australia's military presence in Afghanistan.
Rudd also gave his support for the independence of Kosovo from Serbia, before Australia officially recognised the republic. This decision sparked protests of the Serbian Australian community against Rudd.
Some commentators have described Rudd as a social conservative. He has moved to remove financial discrimination against LGBT couples, but he had previously been opposed to legislation to recognize same-sex marriage.
In May 2013, however, Rudd announced he had changed his position based on personal experience and the fact that his children had long thought him "an unreconstructed dinosaur" for not supporting marriage equality legislation. He went on to say that "I believe the secular Australian state should be able to recognise same sex marriage" while opposing any compulsion for churches to marry same-sex couples if that was not their wish.
In a conscience vote in 2006, Rudd supported legislation to transfer regulatory authority for the abortion-inducing drug RU486 from the federal Minister For Health to the Therapeutic Goods Administration, removing the minister's veto on the use of RU486 in Australia. Rudd said that "For me and for the reasons I have outlined, the life of the unborn is of great importance. And having tested these reasons with men and women of faith, and men and women of science, that I've decided not to oppose this bill. "
Rudd and his family attend the Anglican church of St John the Baptist in Bulimba in his electorate. Although raised a Roman Catholic, Rudd was actively involved in the Evangelical Union while studying at the Australian National University, and he began attending Anglican services in the 1980s with his wife. In December 2009, Rudd attended a Catholic Mass to commemorate the canonisation of Mary MacKillop at which he received Holy Communion. Rudd's actions provoked criticism and debate among both among political and religious circles. A report by The Australian quoted that Rudd embraced Anglicanism but at the same time did not formally renounce his Catholic faith.
Rudd is the mainstay of the parliamentary prayer group in Parliament House, Canberra. He is vocal about his Christianity and has given a number of prominent interviews to the Australian religious press on the topic. Rudd has defended church representatives engaging with policy debates, particularly with respect to WorkChoices legislation, climate change, global poverty, therapeutic cloning, and asylum seekers. In an essay in The Monthly, he argued:
A [truly] Christian perspective on contemporary policy debates may not prevail. It must nonetheless be argued. And once heard, it must be weighed, together with other arguments from different philosophical traditions, in a fully contestable secular polity. A Christian perspective, informed by a social gospel or Christian socialist tradition, should not be rejected contemptuously by secular politicians as if these views are an unwelcome intrusion into the political sphere. If the churches are barred from participating in the great debates about the values that ultimately underpin our society, our economy and our polity, then we have reached a very strange place indeed.
In May 2008, Rudd was drawn into the controversy over photographic artist Bill Henson and his work depicting naked adolescents as part of a show due to open at an inner-city gallery in Sydney. In a televised interview, Rudd stated that he found the images "absolutely revolting" and that they had "no artistic merit". These views swiftly drew censure from members of the "creative stream" who attended the recent 2020 Summit convened by Rudd, led by actor Cate Blanchett.
On 23 June 2010, the Sydney Morning Herald reported that Rudd's Chief of Staff, Alister Jordan, had talked to over half of the Labor caucus to gauge the level of Rudd's support within the party. This followed significant media speculation that his deputy, Julia Gillard, would challenge him for the leadership. Late that evening, after it became clear that Rudd had lost the support of a large number of Labor MPs, Gillard publicly requested that Rudd hold a leadership election as soon as possible. Rudd subsequently announced a leadership election for 24 June, saying that he would stand. Hours before the vote, however, it became clear that Rudd would not have the support to win, and so he stood down as Labor leader and Prime Minister.
Gillard was elected unopposed, becoming Australia's first female Prime Minister. Bill Shorten, the Parliamentary Secretary for Disabilities and Children's Services and a key member of the Labor Party's right faction, speculated that it was the Government's handling of the insulation program, the sudden announcement of change of policy on the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme, and the way in which they had "introduced the debate" about the Resource Super Profits Tax as the main reasons which had led to a collapse in support for Rudd's leadership.
Barry Cohen, a former minister in the Hawke Government, said that many in the Labor Party felt ignored by Rudd's centralist leadership style, and his at times insulting and rude treatment of staff and other ministers. Many were willing to overlook this due to his immense popularity, but when Rudd's poll numbers began to drop in late 2009 and 2010, they wanted to install a leader more able to establish consensus and involve the party caucus as a whole. Rudd became the first Australian Prime Minister to be removed from office by his own party during his first term.
Rudd announced following his resignation as Prime Minister that he would re-contest his seat of Griffith for the 2010 federal election, set for 21 August. Early in the campaign, he suffered abdominal pain and underwent surgery to remove his gall bladder. His first public statements after the operation were in an interview with ABC Radio National's Phillip Adams for Late Night Live, which received wide national coverage; in it, he denied being the source of political leaks concerning Julia Gillard. Gillard later requested that Rudd join the national campaign to boost Labor's chances of re-election, which he did. Rudd and Gillard were subsequently photographed together during a private meeting in Brisbane, both appearing uncomfortable, unsmiling and unspeaking. Rudd was comfortably re-elected as the Member for Griffith. Labor under Gillard went on to form a minority government after the election resulted in a hung parliament.
Wikileaks, in 2010, published material about Kevin Rudd's term as Prime Minister, included United States diplomatic cables leak. As Foreign Minister, Rudd denounced publishing classified documents by WikiLeaks. The Australian media reported, references to Rudd in the cables included frank discussions between Rudd and US officials about China and Afghanistan. This included negative assessments of some of Rudd's foreign policy initiatives and leadership style, written in confidence for the US Government by the US Embassy staff in Australia.
Before his first visit to Israel as Foreign Minister, Rudd stated Israel should be subject to International Atomic Energy Agency inspection. Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman rejected the call.
In response to the 2011 Libyan civil war, Rudd announced in early March 2011, the international community should enforce a no-fly zone, as the "lesser of two evils". To prevent dictator Muammar Gaddafi from using the Libyan air force to attack protesters and rebels. The US officials in Canberra sought clarification on what the Australian Government was proposing. Ms Gillard said the United Nations Security Council should consider a full range of alternatives, and that Australia was not planning to send forces to enforce a no-fly zone.
Following the devastating 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami in Japan, Rudd announced after talking with Japanese Foreign Minister Takeaki Matsumoto, he had offered Australian field hospitals and disaster victim identification teams to help with recovery. He also said he had offered Australian atomic expertise and sought urgent briefings following an explosion at a nuclear plant.
Rudd announced his resignation as Foreign Minister on 22 February 2012, citing Gillard's failure to counter character attacks launched by Simon Crean and "other faceless men" as his reasons. Speaking to the press, Rudd explained that he considered Gillard's silence as evidence that she no longer supported him, and therefore he could not continue in office. "I can only serve as Foreign Minister if I have the confidence of Prime Minister Gillard and her senior ministers," he said.
Rudd resigned as the Minister for Foreign Affairs followed heated speculation about a possible leadership spill. Craig Emerson temporarily replaced Rudd as Minister for Foreign Affairs, until Senator Bob Carr became Minister for Foreign Affairs on 13 March 2012.
2012 leadership election
Speculation regarding Rudd's desire to challenge Gillard to regain the leadership of the Labor Party—and hence the Prime Ministership—became a near constant feature of media commentary on the Gillard Government. In October 2011, Queensland MP Graham Perrett, the member for the marginal Brisbane-area seat of Moreton, announced that if Labor replaced Gillard with Rudd, he would resign and force a by-election—a move that would likely cost Labor its majority. In her speech to Labor's 2011 Conference, Prime Minister Gillard mentioned every Labor Prime Minister since World War II with the exception of Kevin Rudd. The speech was widely reported as a snub to Rudd. In early 2012, Labor MPs began to openly discuss the issue of leadership. Simon Crean told Radio 3AW, "[Rudd] can't be leader again...people will not elect as leaders those they don't perceive as team players".
Following a Four Corners program that revisited Gillard's role in Rudd's downfall as Prime Minister, a breakdown in party discipline saw Labor MP Darren Cheeseman call on Gillard to resign, while his colleague Steve Gibbons called Rudd a "psychopath with a giant ego". Amidst the controversy, an expletive-laden video of out-takes of an intemperate Kevin Rudd attempting to record a Chinese language message during his time as Prime Minister was released anonymously on YouTube, apparently aimed at discrediting his push for the leadership. While Rudd said publicly only that he was "happy as Foreign Minister", media commentators widely declared that a leadership challenge was "on".
When Rudd resigned on 22 February 2012, Deputy Prime Minister Wayne Swan lambasted Rudd as "dysfunctional". His Cabinet colleague Tony Burke also spoke against Rudd, saying of his time in office that "the stories that were around of the chaos, of the temperament, of the inability to have decisions made, they are not stories.". Labor Senator Doug Cameron came out in support of Rudd and called on his colleagues to show him respect.
Later that day, Rudd said that he did not think Gillard could defeat the Coalition at the next election and that, since his resignation, he had received encouragement from Labor MPs to contest the leadership. Gillard responded to these developments by announcing a leadership election for the morning of 27 February 2012, and stating that she would be a candidate. Two days later, Rudd announced his own candidacy. Before the vote, Rudd promised that he would not initiate any further leadership challenges against Gillard should he lose, but he did not rule out becoming Leader again at a later date.
Gillard won the leadership election comfortably with 71 votes to Rudd's 31. Following the result Rudd returned to the backbenches, reiterating that he would not mount any further leadership challenges against Gillard, and stating that he would support her in any further leadership elections.
2013 leadership elections
March 2013 leadership spill
On 21 March 2013, following a request from Simon Crean, the Prime Minister, Julia Gillard, called a leadership spill. It was widely reported that Rudd was considering nominating for the leadership of the Australian Labor Party, but he chose not to stand. Gillard was the sole candidate and was elected unopposed.
June 2013 leadership spill
On 10 June 2013, the security of Gillard's position as leader was put in doubt following the loss of significant support in the Labor caucus. Furthermore, polling in the preceding week indicated that the party could be left with a very low number of 40 seats in the Federal Parliament, while one Labor backbencher compared the Labor Party to the Titanic. ABC reported that "some former staunch supporters" held the view that Gillard could not win the election, and ABC journalist Barrie Cassidy identified Rudd as the only feasible replacement.
The political editor of the Australian newspaper, Dennis Shanahan, reported on 10 June 2013 that Rudd was "mobbed" by supporters in the Victorian city of Geelong on 7 June 2013 and that he was "expected to be returned to the ALP leadership".
On 26 June 2013, Julia Gillard called a leadership spill, intending to head off any challenge. Rudd announced that he would challenge the Prime Minister. Gillard said that, in her view, the loser of the ballot should retire from politics; Rudd agreed that this would be appropriate. Key Gillard supporter Bill Shorten, who was one of the main figures responsible for Rudd's previous overturn as Prime Minister, this time announced his support for Rudd. Rudd subsequently won the leadership ballot, 57–45, and became the Leader of the Labor Party for the second time.
Second term as Prime Minister
Following the leadership election on 26 June 2013, Julia Gillard resigned as Prime Minister. After seeking legal advice from the acting Solicitor-General, Robert Orr, the Governor-General, Quentin Bryce, invited Rudd to be sworn in as Prime Minister for the second time on 27 June. At 9:53 am (AEST), Rudd was sworn in as Prime Minister for a second term, becoming the second Labor Prime Minister to have a second non-consecutive term; the first was Andrew Fisher.
On 4 August 2013, Rudd announced that he had visited Governor-General Quentin Bryce at Parliament House, asking her to dissolve Parliament and for a federal election to be held on 7 September. After Labor subsequently lost the election, Rudd resigned as Prime Minister for the second time on 18 September 2013.
Resignation from Parliament
Following a period of intense criticism from prominent members of the ALP,  on 13 November 2013 Rudd announced that he would soon resign from Parliament. Rudd submitted his resignation in writing to the Speaker, Bronwyn Bishop, on 22 November 2013, formally ending his parliamentary career. A by-election for his seat was held on 8 February 2014, at which he was succeeded as the Member for Griffith by ALP candidate Terri Butler.
In 1981, Rudd married Thérèse Rein whom he had met at a gathering of the Australian Student Christian Movement during his university years. Both were residents at Burgmann College during their first year of university. Rudd and Rein have three children and one granddaughter.
In 1993, Rudd underwent a cardiac valve transplant operation (Ross procedure), receiving a cadaveric aortic valve replacement for rheumatic heart disease. In 2011, Rudd underwent a second cardiac valve transplant operation, making a full recovery from the surgery.
- First Rudd Ministry
- Second Rudd Ministry
- Second Gillard Ministry
- List of Prime Ministers of Queen Elizabeth II
- "Kevin Rudd once again running the nation from his back deck in Brisbane's Norman Park". Courier Mail. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- Rudd, Kevin (8 May 2005). Kevin Rudd: The God Factor. Interview with Geraldine Doogue. Compass. ABC1. "I come from a long history of people who have spoken about the relevance of their faith to their political beliefs, on our side of politics going back. I mean here in Queensland Andrew Fisher was the Labor Prime Minister from this State. Andrew Fisher was a Christian Socialist. He taught Presbyterian Sunday School. He in turn came out of the stable of Keir Hardie who was himself a Presbyterian Sunday School teacher who founded the British Labour Party in the 1890s and was the first British Labour member of parliament. There's a long tradition associated with this; currently called the Christian Socialist Movement. And it's a worldwide network of people. The fact that you don't often hear from us in this country, well it's open for others to answer. I'm a relatively recent arrival. But I think, I think given what's happening on the political right in this country, what's happening on the political right in America, it's important that people on the centre-left of politics begin to argue a different perspective from within the Christian tradition."
- Maiden, Samantha (16 December 2009). "Rudd's decision to take holy communion at Catholic mass causes debate". The Australian. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Former Prime Minister Kevin Rudd resigns as Foreign Minister". PerthNow. AAP. 22 February 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- Griffiths, Emma (24 February 2012). "Rudd confirms he'll contest leadership". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Julia Gillard calls leadership vote". The New Zealand Herald. 26 June 2013.
- "Labor leadership live: Kevin Rudd returns, Julia Gillard loses support of partyroom". News Corp Australia Network. 26 June 2013.
- Polls show Labor bounce as Rudd eyes more women for cabinet roles
- Saul, Heather (1 July 2013). "Kevin Rudd unveils new cabinet with record number of female ministers". The Independent (London).
- Pearlman, Jonathan (28 June 2013). "Kevin Rudd becomes first Australian prime minister to support gay marriage". The Daily Telegraph (London).
- PM flags gay marriage referendum - The West Australian
- "Kevin Rudd flags possible referendum on gay marriage, pushes NBN in grab for youth vote". Herald Sun. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
- Kevin Rudd quits as leader as Tony Abbott storms to victory
- "Former prime minister Kevin Rudd quits federal politics with emotional speech to Parliament". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2013-11-13.
- Swan, Jonathan (22 November 2013). "With formal resignation, Kevin Rudd irritates Coalition one more time". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Former Australian PM Kevin Rudd named Senior Fellow at Harvard". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 22 February 2014.
- Macklin 2007
- Marr, David (7 June 2010). "We need to talk about Kevin ... Rudd, that is" (An edited extract of Power Trip: The Political Journey of Kevin Rudd, published in Quarterly Essay, p. 38, by Black Inc Books). The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 13 February 2011.
- "PM reveals inner cowboy". The Sydney Morning Herald. 19 September 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2008.
- Duff, Eamonn; Walsh, Kerry-Anne (11 March 2007). "A disputed eviction and a tale of family honour". The Sun-Herald. Retrieved 11 March 2007.
- Marriner, Cosima (9 December 2006). "The lonely road to the top". The Sydney Morning Herald. p. 33. Retrieved 27 May 2007.
- Marriner, Cosima (27 April 2007). "It's private – the school he wants to forget". The Sydney Morning Herald. p. 1.
- "Genesis of an ideas man". The Australian. 5 December 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
- Maiden, Samantha (31 July 2008). "Urchins, convicts at root of Kevin Rudd's family tree". The Australian. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- "Australia Day and your Convict Ancestor". History Services Blog. 26 January 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Garnaut, John (26 November 2007). "China's leaders slow to tackle inflation". The Sydney Morning Herald.; McDonald, Hamish (1 December 2007). "Tough role, especially as the boss is the diplomat". The Sydney Morning Herald.; Chou, Jennifer (3 December 2007). "Kevin Rudd, aka Lu Kewen". The Weekly Standard (Washington, D.C.).; "A man of reason and foresight takes the reins". China Daily (Beijing, China). 4 December 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2012.
- Brown, Rachel (9 April 2008). "Chinese activist puts hope in Rudd" (transcript). PM (Australia: ABC Radio). Retrieved 14 April 2008.
- Overington, Caroline (9 December 2006). "McKew impressed to the max". The Australian. Retrieved 4 March 2007.
- Murphy, Katharine (13 September 2008). "Rudd pays tribute to his hero Whitlam". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 19 September 2010.; "Dithering Liberals get their deserts". The Sydney Morning Herald. 13 September 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- Henderson, Deborah (2002). "Shaping Australia's Future" (PDF). Asia Education Foundation News 11 (2): 22–23.; Rudd, Kevin (1994). Asian languages and Australia's economic future : a report prepared for the Council of Australian Governments on a proposed national Asian languages/studies strategy for Australian schools. Brisbane: Queensland Government Printer. ISBN 0-7242-5767-5.
- Gordon, Michael (19 April 2003). "One determined bastard". The Age (Melbourne).
- Kevin Rudd (11 November 1998). "First Speech to Parliament". Parliament of Australia. Retrieved 3 December 2007.[dead link]
- "Lateline – 24/9/2002: Labor to decide position on Iraq attack. Australian Broadcasting Corp". Abc.net.au. 24 September 2002. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Interview: Shadow Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd". Transcripts by category: Politics. Seven Network. 4 April 2004. Retrieved 4 December 2006.
- "Lateline". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 7 June 2003. Retrieved 9 December 2006.
- McGrath, Catherine (28 November 2003). "Beazley, Latham, Rudd in ALP leadership line-up". AM. Retrieved 9 December 2006.
- Brissenden, Michael (30 March 2004). "Howard on front foot over troops". The 7.30 Report. Retrieved 9 December 2006.
- "Rudd to end suspense tomorrow". The Age (Melbourne). 23 January 2005. Retrieved 9 December 2006.
- "Federal voting intention and leaders' ratings" (PDF). The Australian. 30 November 2006. Retrieved 4 December 2006.
- "Rudd, Gillard confirm challenge". Sydney Morning Herald. 1 December 2006.
- "Rudd, Beazley to lobby colleagues". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2 December 2006. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Rudd ousts Beazley". The Age (Melbourne). 4 December 2006. Retrieved 4 December 2006.
- "Press Conference". Australian Labor Party. 4 December 2006. Archived from the original on 6 December 2006. Retrieved 4 December 2006.
- "Rudd vows education revolution". Sydney Morning Herald. 23 January 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Matthew Franklin (6 December 2006). "Rudd calls on states to corner PM". The Australian. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Rudd unveils climate change blueprint". The Age (Melbourne). 31 March 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Labor's $4.7 billion broadband plan". Sydney Morning Herald. 21 March 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "7.30 Report – 01/03/2007: Rudd under fire over Burke meetings". Abc.net.au. 1 August 2005. Retrieved 8 June 2010.; Cohen, David (28 February 2007). "The strife of Brian – In Depth". Melbourne: theage.com.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Franklin, Matthew (19 February 2008). "Kevin Rudd admits to dodging Brian Burke dinner". News.com.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Brissenden, Michael (1 December 2006). "Rudd Challenge". Stateline Canberra (ABC). Retrieved 4 December 2007.
- "Sunrise spots too hard: Rudd". News Ltd. 16 April 2007.
- "Rudd's Strip Club Visit". Sydney Morning Herald. 19 August 2007.; "Rudd in strip joint: 'Oh no, this won't do'". Abc.net.au. 21 August 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Rudd avoids poll slide after strip club revelations". Abc.net.au. 20 August 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Mennie, Sarah (21 August 2007). "Rudd on last chance". News.com.au. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Heywood, Lachlan (21 October 2007). "Worm turns against Howard". www.news.com.au.[dead link]
- Rudd warns of Howard's 'reckless spending' – Lateline transcript
- Rudd undercuts Howard 'This sort of reckless spending must stop'[dead link] – Canberra Times; Laurie Oakes Rudd calm in the crisis – The Mercury, 24 November 2008
- "Qld support underpins Rudd's landslide". ABC News. 25 November 2007.[dead link]; "Qld set at battle ground for federal election". The 7.30 Report. 8 March 2007.
- Ben Worsley (29 September 2007). "Rudd seizes power from factions". ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation).
- "Rudd hands out portfolios". ABC News. 29 November 2007. Retrieved 29 November 2007.
- "Kevin Rudd sworn in as Prime Minister". ABC News (Australia). 3 December 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Lowery, Adrian (4 December 2007). "Australia's new PM is sworn in – but refuses to swear allegiance to the Queen". the Daily Mail (London). Retrieved 25 April 2010.; "Kevin Rudd Sworn in As Australia's 26th Prime Minister". Australian Politics. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Rudd signs Kyoto ratification document". ABC News (Australia). 3 December 2007. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
- "Brendan Nelson's record low approval rating". News.com.au. AAP. 19 February 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2010.; "Nelson defends record low poll figures". The Australian. 4 March 2008.
- Rodgers, Emma (10 May 2010). "MPs challenge Rudd over backflips, bad polls". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Rudd shrugs off 'control freak' cable". ABC News (Australia). 8 December 2010. Retrieved 8 December 2010.
- "Gillard requests leadership spill". ABC News (Australia). 23 June 2010. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- Coorey, Philip (23 June 2010). "Rudd's leadership hangs by a thread". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 23 June 2010.
- "Rule of reckless vows". The Weekend Australian. 27–28 December 2008. p. 20.
- "Australia ratifies Kyoto Protocol". The Sydney Morning Herald. 3 December 2007. Retrieved 3 December 2007.
- "Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme: Australia's Low Pollution Future". Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 8 June 2010.[dead link]
- Maiden, Samantha; Nason, David (22 December 2009). "Kevin Rudd faces new emissions trading scheme demand". The Australian. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- van Onselen, Peter (29 April 2010). "Politics trumps a moral challenge". The Australian. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Rudd puts ETS on backburner 27/04/2010" (transcript). AM ABC Radio (Australia). 27 April 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Rodgers, Emma (4 May 2009). "Rudd confirms ETS delay". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 4 May 2009.[dead link]
- Shanahan, Dennis (30 April 2010). "Poor political skills doomed Rudd's climate policy". The Australian. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- Shanahan, Dennis (3 September 2010). "Gillard faces Rudd-made climate trap". The Australian. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Turnbull attacks Rudd's climate change 'cowardice'". ABC News (Australia). 13 June 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "First cut is the greenest for flood surgery". The Age (Melbourne). 28 January 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- "Legislation and Regulations". Office of the Renewable Energy Regulator. Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 18 February 2012.[dead link]
- "The Apology: ABC News". Abc.net.au. 16 February 2008. Retrieved 11 September 2010.[dead link]; "Text of the apology". Abc.net.au. 12 February 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2010.[dead link]; Steve Lewis (28 January 2008). "Rudd in a hurry to say sorry". The Daily Telegraph (News Limited). Retrieved 31 January 2008.[dead link]; Burgess, Matthew; Rennie, Reko (13 February 2008). "Tears in Melbourne as PM delivers apology". The Age (Fairfax). Retrieved 13 February 2008.; "Speech by Kevin Rudd to the Parliament: 13 February 2008". Dfat.gov.au. Retrieved 25 April 2010.[dead link]; Patterson, Stuart. "Kevin Rudd's apology to stolen generations 'a shield' over indigenous failures". The Australian. Retrieved 25 April 2010.; AAP (27 January 2008). "Apology will bridge indigenous gap: Rudd". The Age (Melbourne: Fairfax). Retrieved 31 January 2008.; "Govt sets Stolen Generations apology date". ABC News Online (ABC). 30 January 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2008.; "Thousands greet Stolen Generations apology". ABC News Online (ABC). 13 February 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2008. Kevin Rudd's apology to stolen generations 'a shield' over indigenous failures[dead link]; One year anniversary of apology, but reparations still far off[dead link]; Reconciliation prospects ride on first-anniversary Rudd report card[dead link]; (AFP) – 13 February 2009 (13 February 2009). "Rudd under fire a year after apology to Aborigines". Google.com. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Govt promises action after apology". ABC News (ABC). 13 February 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2008.; Calma, Tom (24 September 2008). "UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples: Australia should sign". Koori Mail (435) (Lismore, NSW: Budsoar). p. 27.
- Steering Committee for the Review of Government Service Provision (2011). Overcoming Indigenous Disadvantage: Key Indicators 2011, Overview. Melbourne: Productivity Commission. pp. iv, 5. ISSN 1448-9813.
- Hannon, Kate (20 March 2009). "Rudd Government gets IR Fair Work Bill passed through Senate 2009". News.com.au. Retrieved 19 September 2010.; "Rudd dismantles WorkChoices". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. 17 December 2007. Retrieved 19 September 2010.; Sid Marris (25 January 2008). "Labor pushes for national system". The Australian (News Limited). Retrieved 31 January 2008.
- Ross Gittins (3 September 2007). "Coalition and Labor narrow industrial relations gap". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 13 November 2007.
- "PM promises not to extend Work Choices". The Age (Melbourne: Fairfax). 15 October 2007. Retrieved 13 November 2007.
- Rudd, Kevin (11 November 1998). "First Speech to Parliament". Parliament of Australia. Archived from the original on 7 December 2006. Retrieved 9 December 2006.
- Rudd, Kevin (16 November 2006). "What's Wrong with the Right". Retrieved 15 January 2008.[dead link]; Hartcher, Peter (14 October 2006). "Howard's warriors sweep all before them". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 4 December 2006.
- "New Labor Leader Outlines Plan". The 7.30 Report. 4 December 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006.; "Labor elects new leader". The 7.30 Report. 4 December 2006. Retrieved 5 December 2006.
- Rudd outlines five-point plan to combat inflation[dead link]
- Swan confident stockpile will help fight inflation on smh.com.au; Swan has reprised election promises, though doesn't go much beyond that on theage.com.au; A real son of the ALP – Opinion – theage.com.au
- By Online parliamentary correspondent Emma Rodgers (21 April 2009). "RBA Governor confirms recession". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 25 April 2010.; By Online parliamentary correspondent Emma Rodgers (26 November 2008). "Budget may be forced into deficit: Rudd". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Rudd unveils $10.4 billion stimulus plan: The Age 14/10/2008". The Age (Melbourne). 14 October 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2010.; "The Australian". The Australian. 11 November 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Govt unveils $42b stimulus: SMH 3/2/2009". Sydney Morning Herald. 3 February 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2010.; Emma Thelwell. "$900 cash bonus: who gets it?". Money.ninemsn.com.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Zappone, Chris (5 May 2009). "China buoys economy – RBA: SMH 5/5/2009". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Hannam, Peter (12 May 2009). "Records abound in tough budget: SMH 12/5/2009". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Business | Australia able to avoid recession". BBC News. 3 June 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2010.; 2009 GDP Real Growth Rate Country Comparison: CIA World Factbook, see map on Wikipedia at Global Financial Crisis; "Australia able to avoid recession". BBC News. 3 June 2009. Retrieved 19 September 2010.; Carswell, Andrew (3 June 2010). "Kevin Rudd's BER bungle may have saved Australian economy". News.com.au. Retrieved 19 September 2010.; "RSPT in focus as Rudd stands down". Businessspectator.com.au. 22 October 2007. Retrieved 19 September 2010.[dead link]
- "The Global Financial Crisis by Kevin Rudd 2009-02". Themonthly.com.au. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "The Road to Recovery by Kevin Rudd 25 July 2009". The Age (Melbourne). 25 July 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- "Time for a new world order: PM". Canberra Times. 31 January 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2010.[dead link]; "Australia's Rudd Says States Must ‘Save Capitalism From Itself’". Bloomberg.com. 31 January 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Davis, Mark (22 April 2010). "Home Insulation Scheme Dumped". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "The 7.30 Report". ABC. 2 June 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "budget at a glance". Budget.gov.au. 13 May 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- By online political correspondent Emma Rodgers. "Swan plots course back to the black – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "2020 summit not just another talkfest". The Australian (News Limited). 4 February 2008. Retrieved 18 February 2008.
- "Law Library > Global Legal Monitor > News and Events > Summit Recommends Republic". Law Library of Congress. Retrieved 10 March 2009.
- Kerr, Christian (23 April 2009). "Prime Minister Kevin Rudd's 2020 summit yields nine projects". News.com.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Nine ideas adopted from Rudd's 2020 Summit; Australia 2020 summit final report; Government response to the Australia 2020 Summit; "PM – Supporters of the 2020 summit are upset about the delay in the Federal Government's response to the final report". Abc.net.au. 13 March 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "The 7.30 Report". ABC. 27 April 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Dunkerley, Susanna (21 April 2010). "Govt rejects formal human rights charter". News.smh.com.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Stories:New representative body for Australia's indigenous people". Australia Network News. 2 May 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Nevil Gibson (3 May 2010). "Australian mining companies face 40% super profit tax | The National Business Review – New Zealand – business, markets, finance, politics, property, technology and more". Nbr.co.nz. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Republic not a top priority: Rudd". News.com.au. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Drape, Julian; Berdon, Caroline (28 November 2008). "Govt adds $807m to school computer deal: Sydney Morning Herald 28/11/2008". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- AAP (17 June 2013). "Rudd's school computer promise comes unplugged". Couriermail.com.au. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- "Rudd giveaway gripes: students slam 'slow' laptops". Sydney Morning Herald. 15 August 2011.
- "Rudd welcomes 'big Australia'". ABC News (Australia) (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). 23 October 2009. Retrieved 10 December 2010.
- "Lateline – 11/06/2008: Immigration intake to rise to 300,000". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Asia Pacific:Story:Australia appoints a Minister of Population". Radio Australia. 6 April 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Sweeping changes to mandatory detention announced: ABC News 29/7/2008". Abc.net.au. 29 July 2008. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
- Kelly, Joe (29 March 2010). "Rudd Government marks 100th asylum seeker boat". The Australian. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Indonesian solution 'a shambles' – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. 28 October 2009. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Rudd defends ban on Sri Lankan, Afghan asylum seekers". Smh.com.au. 11 April 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Lateline – 26/04/2010: Rudd prepares to release tax review". Abc.net.au. 26 April 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Coorey, Phillip (28 May 2010). "Bending its own rules: Rudd government goes on the attack against miners". Smh.com.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Lateline – 28/05/2010: Ad rule backflip for tax campaign". Abc.net.au. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.; "Rudd defends tax ads". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. 29 May 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Rudd's reforms missed mental health". Abc.net.au. 25 June 2010. Retrieved 13 February 2011.
- "Gillard ready to dump hospital reform". Abc.net.au. 5 February 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2011.
- "Gillard jettisons Rudd's health deal". Abc.net.au. 11 February 2011. Retrieved 13 February 2011.
- The decision to partially withdraw was noted in Kelton, Maryanne (April–June 2008). "The 2007 Australian federal election and a 'steadfast, straight-talking' alliance". Social Alternatives 27 (2): 17–22. ISSN 0155-0306.
- "Australia Ends Iraq Troop Presence". Express.co.uk. 31 July 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Australian Government, Department of Defence. "Australian Operation in Iraq – Department of Defence". Defence.gov.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "The World Today – Australian Government considers returning troops to Afghanistan". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Expect more Afghanistan deaths says Kevin Rudd as force boosted to 1550: The Australian 30 April 2009". Theaustralian.com.au. 28 September 2012. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
- Murphy, Katharine (12 November 2009). "PM Kevin Rudd in Afghanistan | Troop Visit at Tarin Kowt". Melbourne: Theage.com.au. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- "Rudd to boost civilian effort in Afghanistan – ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". Abc.net.au. 24 April 2010. Retrieved 8 June 2010.
- Sheridan, Greg (9 December 2006). "ALP's pillar of wisdom". The Australian. Retrieved 9 December 2006.[dead link]
- "Afghan, Iraq wars are not the same: Rudd". The Age (Melbourne). 23 February 2007. Retrieved 24 February 2007.
- "Rudd: Hamas, Hezbollah and Lebanon in 'violation'". Australian Jewish News. 18 July 2006. Archived from the original on 21 September 2006. Retrieved 4 December 2006.
- "Rudd pledges support for East Timor". The Sydney Morning Herald. 15 February 2008. Retrieved 13 February 2011.
- "Australia backs independent Kosovo". The Age (Melbourne). 18 February 2008.
- "Australia Recognises the Republic of Kosovo". Australia Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade. 19 February 2008. Retrieved 23 February 2008.
- "Protesters want Kosovo decision reversed". Nine MSN. 22 February 2008. Retrieved 30 November 2008.[dead link]
- Henderson, Gerard (3 June 2008). "Luvvies Labor's loss over Henson". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 September 2008.
- Gawenda, Michael (17 November 2007). "Desperately seeking Kevin". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 9 September 2008.
- Donald, Peta (18 October 2007). "Howard, Rudd make pitch to Christian voters". AM (ABC Radio). Retrieved 18 October 2007.
- Rudd, Kevin (20 May 2013). "Church and State are able to have different positions on same sex marriage.". Kevin Connects. Retrieved 20 May 2013.
- "MPs to vote on RU486 control". ABC. 16 February 2006. Retrieved 11 September 2008.; "RU486 for Australia?". Australian Parliamentary Library. 29 November 2005. Retrieved 27 January 2007.[dead link]
- Danielle Cronin (7 December 2006). "MPs' vote expands stem cell research – Local News – News – General". The Canberra Times. Retrieved 8 June 2010.[dead link]
- Tom Stayner. "Our man in the Lodge." Woroni. 28 February - 12 March 2008.
- Veness, Peter (14 December 2009). "Mary MacKillop "likely" to become saint". Sydney Morning Herald.; AAP (14 December 2009). "Rudd "exploiting MacKillop sainthood": Abbott". Herald Sun.
- Maiden, Samantha (16 December 2009). "Rudd's decision to take holy communion at Catholic mass causes debate". The Australian.
- "Abbott attacks Rudd on religion in politics". The Age (Melbourne). 27 January 2007. Retrieved 26 November 2007.
- Woodall, Helen (November 2003). "Kevin Rudd talks about his faith". The Melbourne Anglican. Archived from the original on 25 September 2006. Retrieved 4 December 2006.; Egan, Carmel (3 December 2006). "Kevin Rudd". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 4 December 2006.
- Rudd, Kevin (October 2006). "Faith in Politics". The Monthly. pp. 22–30.; Rudd, Kevin (26 October 2005). "Christianity and Politics" (PDF xxx KB). p. 9. Retrieved 4 December 2006.[dead link]; "Anglican leader joins IR debate". ABC News. 11 July 2005. Retrieved 4 December 2006.[dead link]
- "Tony Jones speaks to Kevin Rudd". Lateline. 2 October 2006. Retrieved 4 December 2006.
- "Rudd revolted – Arts – Entertainment –". Sydney Morning Herald. 23 May 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2010.; "Rudd stands by criticism of Henson images – National –". The Age (Melbourne). 28 May 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2010.; "Rudd 'revolted' at art of naked children". News.ninemsn.com.au. Retrieved 25 April 2010.[dead link]
- Matthew Westwood (23 May 2008). "PM says Henson photos have no artistic merit | The Australian". The Australian. Retrieved 25 April 2010.
- Davis, Karen (28 May 2008). "Blanchett joins chorus against Henson attack – Local News – News – General – The Canberra Times". Canberra.yourguide.com.au. Retrieved 25 April 2010.[dead link]
- Kevin Rudd's politics of piety put on parade, Dennis Atkins, The Courier-Mail, 26 December 2009. Retrieved 7 June 2010.
- Hartcher, Peter (23 June 2010). "Rudd's secret polling on his leadership". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- Coorey, Philip (23 June 2010). "Rudd fights to the death". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- Coorey, Phillip; Lester, Tim (24 June 2010). "Gillard to become Australia's first female prime minister as tearful Rudd stands aside". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 June 2010.; Farr, Malcolm (24 June 2010). "Julia Gillard is Australia's new Prime Minister". Daily telegraph (Australia). Retrieved 24 June 2010.
- "The Gillard Coup | Q&A | ABC TV". Abc.net.au. 28 June 2010. Retrieved 12 July 2010.
- Matthew Franklin, Chief political correspondent (15 June 2010). "PM Kevin Rudd holds line on mining tax reform". Theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- Brinsden, Colin (24 June 2010). "Business hopes for more consultative PM". Melbourne: News.theage.com.au. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- "Australia count begins after tight election race". Bbc.co.uk. 21 August 2010. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- Sid Maher (22 June 2010). "ETS backlash sees home turf turn on Rudd". Theaustralian.com.au. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- Curtis, Lyndal (17 July 2010). "Election 2010: Game on!". Abc.net.au. Retrieved 19 September 2010.
- "No one assassinated Rudd, he simply topped himself | Barry Cohen | The Australian". theaustralian.com.au. 27 July 2010. Retrieved 28 July 2010.
- "Ex-PM Rudd to PM Gillard: I will save you | Michael Gordon and Michelle Grattan | The Sydney Morning Herald". smh.com.au. 6 August 2010. Retrieved 7 August 2010.
- Rudd 'recovering well' from keyhole surgery, The Age, 31 July 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- Interview with Kevin Rudd, Phillip Adams, 4 August 2010. Retrieved 5 August 2010.
- Rudd returns to rout Libs, James Massola, The Australian, 5 August 2010
- "Gillard, Rudd won't campaign together; ABC News". abc.net.au. 7 August 2010. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
- "Rudd nabs Foreign Affairs portfolio". ABC News (Australia). 11 September 2010. Retrieved 11 September 2010.
- "Governor-General swears in new ministry". ABC News (Australia). 14 September 2010.
- Coorey, Phillip (14 September 2010). "Rudd to represent Gillard at annual UN meeting". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 14 September 2010.
- "Rudd shrugs off 'control freak' cable". ABC News (Australia). 8 December 2010. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- Maley, Paul (5 December 2010). "Kevin Rudd's plan to contain Beijing". The Australian. Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- Yaxley, Louise (10 December 2010). "Afghanistan 'scared the hell' out of Rudd". ABC News (Australia). Retrieved 5 February 2011.
- Lyons, John (14 December 2010). "Rudd calls for inspections of Israel's nuclear facility". The Australian. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- Fay Cashman, Greer (14 December 2010). "Lieberman rejects Rudd's calls for Israel to sign NPT". The Jerusalem Post. AP. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- "Gillard, Rudd call for election timetable to steer new Egypt". The Australian. AAP. 12 February 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- Grattan, Michelle; Koutsoukis, Jason (11 March 2011). "Gillard, Rudd at odds on Libya". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- "Kevin Rudd says world needs urgent briefings on nuclear threat in Japan". The Australian. AAP, AFP. 13 March 2011. Retrieved 13 May 2011.
- "Rudd resigns as foreign minister". World News Australia. AAP. 22 February 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- Benson, Simon (23 February 2012). "Kevin Rudd had dinner with Kim Beazley before all hell broke loose". Daily Telegraph (Australia). Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- "Emerson takes foreign reins". The Sydney Morning Herald. 23 February 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- Chlamers, Emma (11 October 2011). "Queensland MP Graham Perrett says he'll quit if Julia Gillard is dumped as PM". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- Gillard, Julia (2 December 2011). Speech to ALP National Conference (Speech). ALP National Conference. Sydney, NSW: reproduced transcript by The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Simon Crean rejects claims Kevin Rudd was snubbed at the ALP conference". The Australian. AAP. 4 December 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Rudd wasn't a team player, will never be leader again: Crean". The Sydney Morning Herald. AAP. 31 January 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Wilkie convinced Rudd will launch challenge". ABC News (Australia). 19 February 2012. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- Scott, Steven (19 February 2012). "Rudd will challenge for leadership, says Andrew Wilkie". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- "Wayne Swan attacks 'dysfunctional' Kevin Rudd, accusing him of self-interest". The Advertiser (Adelaide, South Australia). AAP. 22 February 2012.
- Farr, Malcolm (22 February 2012). "Gillard will call leadership ballot on Monday". Herald Sun. Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- Uhlmann, Chris (22 December 2012). "Burke gives frank assessment of developments" (transcript). 7.30 Report (Australia). Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- Jones, Tony (22 February 2012). "Democracy requires leadership ballot to wait: Cameron" (transcript). Lateline (Australia). Retrieved 24 February 2012.
- Toohey, Paul (23 February 2012). "Kevin Rudd speaks for the first time since his resignation as foreign minister". Daily Telegraph (Australia). Retrieved 23 February 2012.
- "Julia Gillard calls leadership ballot to end 'squabbling'". BBC News. 22 February 2012. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- Packham, Ben; Vasek, Lanai (27 February 2012). "Kevin Rudd fails to rule out being drafted as leader at a later date, as he heads for ballot defeat". The Australian. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- "Julia Gillard wins Labor leadership ballot". The Australian. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- Rudd, Kevin. "Statement to the Parliamentary Labor Party following the Re-Election of the Leader". Kevin Connects. Kevin Rudd. Retrieved 2 March 2012.
- "Julia Gillard loses significant support among caucus". ABC. 9 June 2013. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- Barrie Cassidy (9 June 2013). "Is Gillard's number up?". ABC. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
- Dennis Shenahan (10 June 2013). "Julia Gillard's leadership on the line as caucus eyes turn to Bill Shorten". The Australian. Retrieved 10 June 2013.
- "Kevin Rudd poised for return as PM after Bill Shorten withdraws support for Julia Gillard in leadership battle".
- Leadership spill: Governor-General invites Kevin Rudd to be Prime Minister
- Stephen Smith resigns and Kevin Rudd has no change to election date yet
- Pearlman, Jonathan (27 June 2012). "Kevin Rudd sworn in as Australian prime minister". Daily Telegraph UK (London). Retrieved 27 June 2013.
- Swan, Jonathan (16 October 2013). "Kevin Rudd protege Maxine McKew turns on her former mentor". Sydney Morning herald. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- Hartcher, Peter (17 October 2013). "Nicola Roxon on Kevin Rudd: How do I hate thee? Let me count the ways". Sydney Morning herald. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- Kenny, Mark (10 September 2013). "Craig Emerson attacks Kevin Rudd as Labor looks to Bill Shorten as leader". Sydney Morning herald. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- "Rudd should go, to let Labor break from its turbulent past". Sydney Morning herald. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 14 November 2013.
- Kevin Rudd quits politics http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/nov/13/kevin-rudd-resigns-parliament
- Thérèse Rein. National Archives of Australia. Retrieved 17 November 2012.
- Hayes, Liz (15 April 2007). "Team Rudd". Sixty Minutes.
- "Rudd walks daughter down the aisle". The Age (Melbourne). AAP. 5 May 2007. Retrieved 25 November 2007.; Merrit, Chris (30 January 2007). "Ms Rudd follows Ms Howard ... it's the law". The Australian. Retrieved 25 November 2007.; Zwartz, Barney (9 December 2006). "ALP's new man puts his faith on display". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 9 December 2006.; Egan, E. (3 December 2006). "Kevin Rudd". The Age (Melbourne). Retrieved 26 October 2007.; "Kevin Rudd – Member for Griffith". Australian Labor Party. Archived from the original on 28 January 2007. Retrieved 30 January 2007.
- "Kevin Rudd becomes a grandfather". AAP. 1 June 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
- Rudd, Kevin (20 July 2011). "Aortic valve replacement". Australian Minister for Foreign Affairs.
- Packham, Ben; Kelly, Joe (20 July 2011). "Kevin Rudd to have heart surgery". The Australian. Retrieved 12 June 2013.
- Madigan, Michael (6 August 2011). "Kevin Rudd bounces back from heart surgery with new home, and maybe new grandchildren". The Courier-Mail.
- Dunlevy, Sue (21 July 2011). "Rudd's second heart valve replacement riskier". The Australian.
- Crabb, Annabel (2010). Rise of the Ruddbot:Observations from the Gallery. Melbourne: Black Inc. ISBN 978-1-86395-483-9.
- Hartcher, Peter (2009). To the Bitter End : The Dramatic Story of the Fall of John Howard and the Rise of Kevin Rudd. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 978-1-74175-623-4.
- Macklin, Robert (2007). Kevin Rudd : The Biography. Camberwell, Vic.: Penguin Books Australia. ISBN 978-0-670-07135-7.
- Marr, David (2010). "Power Trip : The Political Journey of Kevin Rudd". Quarterly Essay (Melbourne: Black Inc.) (38). ISBN 978-1-86395-477-8.
- Stuart, Nicholas (2007). Kevin Rudd : An Unauthorised Political Biography. Melbourne: Scribe. ISBN 978-1-921215-58-2.
- Weller, Patrick (2010). Kevin Rudd: The Making of a Prime Minister. Carlton, Vic.: Melbourne University Press. ISBN 978-0-522-85748-1.
|Find more about Kevin Rudd at Wikipedia's sister projects|
|Definitions and translations from Wiktionary|
|Media from Commons|
|Quotations from Wikiquote|
|Source texts from Wikisource|
|Textbooks from Wikibooks|
|Learning resources from Wikiversity|
- Official website
- BBC Profile – Kevin Rudd
- "Kevin Rudd: The early years | Daily Telegraph" – Images
- Search or browse Hansard for Kevin Rudd at OpenAustralia.org
|Parliament of Australia|
|Member of Parliament
|Shadow Minister for Foreign Affairs
|Leader of the Opposition
|Prime Minister of Australia
|Minister for Foreign Affairs
|Prime Minister of Australia
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Labor Party
|Leader of the Labor Party