Kevin Thompson (pastor)
Kevin Thompson (born 1958) is the incumbent pastor (for more than 15 years) of the Bay Area Family Church, a Unification Church congregation located in San Leandro, California. In 2006, he was indicted by a grand jury for violating the Lacey Act, a federal law which criminalizes the sale and purchase of certain protected species. On January 22, 2007, Thompson was sentenced to a year and a day in prison and also ordered to pay $100,000 in restitution.
The Lacey Act
The Lacey Act prohibits selling or purchasing wildlife which was captured in violation of an underlying law or regulation. In January 1994, it became unlawful under California state law to capture leopard sharks (Triakis semifasciata) of less than 36 inches in length. Thus, after January 1994, it became unlawful under the Lacey Act to buy or sell leopard sharks of less than 36 inches in length.
From 1992 through 2003, Thompson enlisted several young men to catch and sell juvenile leopard sharks (leopard sharks which were less than the minimum legal length) from the San Francisco Bay. During that period of time, at least 465 leopard sharks were sold to companies in Miami; Chicago; Houston; Romulus, Michigan; Milford, Connecticut; the Netherlands; and the United Kingdom. Federal authorities learned of Thompson's involvement when pet dealers in Florida and Chicago were arrested and gave evidence against him.
Connection of case with the Unification Church
In a 2003 sermon, Thompson mentioned that his fishing crew had spent a decade catching and selling juvenile leopard sharks to local pet stores. In the same sermon, Thompson stated that, when Sun Myung Moon, the founder and head of the Unification Church, was visiting the area, he explained the project to Moon, who became excited upon learning of it. Spokespeople for the church, however, have denied that the church knew of or condoned Thompson's activities. In a non-prosecution agreement with the government, the Unification Church agreed to pay $500,000 to a $1.5 million fund set up for the purpose of rehabilitating and restoring marine wildlife habitat in the San Francisco Bay to further protect the leopard shark. $900,000 was added to the fund by the State of California and private environmental foundations. By 2013 leopard sharks were again flourishing in the San Francisco Bay. This was largely credited to environmental restoration efforts.
- United States Attorney for the Northern District of California, Press Release, January 23, 2007.
- Los Angeles Times, "Moon's Church to Pay in Shark Poaching", February 13, 2007.
- January 23, 2007 Press Release, supra.
- The Journal (Newcastle-upon-Tyne), "The Minister, the Sharks and $1.2m", January 29, 2007.
- See 16 U.S.C. § 3372.
- 1993 Cal. Legis. Serv. 1100, § 8, codified at Cal. Fish & Game Code § 8388.5.
- United States Fish and Wildlife Service, Press Release, February 13, 2006.
- United States Attorney for the Northern District of California, Press Release, February 8, 2006.
- National Public Radio, "Prosecutors Net Leopard-Shark Smugglers", February 13, 2007.
- East Bay Express, "The Man vs. Moon", January 31, 2007.
- L.A. Times, "Moon's Church to Pay in Shark Poaching," supra.
- NPR, "Prosecutors Net Leopard-Shark Smugglers," supra.
- San Diego Union Tribune, "Shark Poaching Will Cost Moon's Church", February 13, 2007.
- Leopard sharks flourishing in south San Francisco Bay as wetlands are restored, Contra Costa Times, July 23, 2013
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Six Indicted in Scheme to Poach and Smuggle Protected California Leopard Sharks, United States Department of Justice
- Prosecutors Net Leopard-Shark Smugglers, National Public Radio
- Unification Church to Pay $500,000 Into Wildlife Fund Over Pastor's Shark Poaching Conviction, Associated Press
- Shark poaching will cost Moon's church, Union-Tribune
- Thompson Shark Case, Account by a first hand observer.