Kevin Trudeau

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Kevin Trudeau
Trudeau in 2005
Trudeau in 2005
Born Kevin Mark Trudeau
(1963-02-06) February 6, 1963 (age 51)
Lynn, Massachusetts, US
Occupation Author, radio and television personality
Known for Promoting alternative medicine;
Criminal convictions for fraud, larceny and contempt of court;
Regulatory settlements with the FTC and eight state Attorneys-General for false claims and misleading representations;
Founding the International Pool Tour

Kevin Mark Trudeau (born February 6, 1963) is an American author, radio personality, infomercial host, salesman and convicted fraudster who has promoted various unsubstantiated health, diet and financial remedies. Several of his books, including Natural Cures "They" Don't Want You to Know About, allege that both the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the pharmaceutical industry value profit over treatments or cures. He is currently incarcerated at Federal Prison Camp Montgomery, near Montgomery, Alabama, and is scheduled for release on July 18, 2022.

Trudeau's activities have been the subject of both criminal and civil action. He was convicted of larceny and credit card fraud in the early 1990s, and in 1998 he was sued by U.S. Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for making false or misleading claims in infomercials promoting his book The Weight-Loss Cure "They" Don't Want You to Know About. In 2004, he settled that action, by agreeing to pay a $500,000 fine and consenting to a lifetime ban on promoting products other than his books via infomercials.[1] On November 29, 2011, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals upheld a $37.6 million fine levied against him for violating that 2004 settlement. Additionally, on remand, the district court modified its final order, requiring that he post a $2 million bond before engaging in future infomercial advertising.[2][3][4] In April 2013 he was reported to have filed for bankruptcy to avoid fines and stay further Federal prosecution.[5] In September and October 2013, he was twice briefly jailed for continued failure to pay fines related to his conviction, pleading poverty while continuing to live a lavish lifestyle.[6] In November 2013, Trudeau was convicted of criminal contempt, and incarcerated.[7] On March 17, 2014, Trudeau was sentenced to 10 years in prison stemming from his November 2013 criminal contempt conviction.[8]

Early life[edit]

Trudeau grew up in Lynn, Massachusetts, the adopted son of Robert and Mary Trudeau. He is the step-brother of Robert Trudeau.[9][dead link] He attended St. Mary's High School in Lynn, where he was voted "Most Likely to Succeed" by the class of 1981.[10]

Career[edit]

After being incarcerated for fraud in the early 1990s,[11] Trudeau joined a multi-level marketing firm, Nutrition for Life. The firm was successful until the Attorney General of Illinois charged that it was running a pyramid scheme. Trudeau and Nutrition for Life settled cases brought by the state of Illinois, and seven other U.S. states, for US$185,000.[11][12][13][14][clarification needed]

Next, Trudeau produced and appeared in a series of late-night television infomercial broadcasts throughout North America. They promoted a range of products, including health aids, dietary supplements (such as coral calcium), baldness remedies, addiction treatments, memory-improvement courses, reading-improvement programs and real estate investment strategies. The FTC took regulatory action against Trudeau, alleging that his broadcasts contained unsubstantiated claims and misrepresentations. In 1998, he was fined. In 2004, he settled a contempt-of-court action arising out of the same cases by agreeing to a settlement that included both payment of a $2 million fine and a ban on further use of infomercials to promote any product other than publications protected by the First Amendment.[15][16]

In 2004, Trudeau began writing books and promoting them with infomercials on U.S. television. The first book he published was a medical guide titled Natural Cures "They" Don't Want You to Know About, which was published in 2005. The book was criticized for containing no natural cures.[17][18] Trudeau said he was not able to include them because of threats by the FTC.[19] The book became a bestseller selling 5 million copies.[20]

Two years later, Trudeau published a second medical book titled More Natural Cures Revealed: Previously Censored Brand Name Products That Cure Disease (ISBN 0-9755995-4-2). According to Trudeau, the book identifies brand name products that will cure myriad illnesses. Trudeau's books claim that animals in the wild rarely develop degenerative conditions like cancer or Alzheimer's disease, and that many diseases are caused not by viruses or bacteria, but rather by an imbalance in vital energy. Science writer Christopher Wanjek critiqued and rejected many of these claims in his July 25, 2006 LiveScience.com health column.[19] While some experts criticized the book, it received average reviews on a number of online book stores and review sites.

Trudeau went on to publish The Weight-Loss Cure "They" Don't Want You to Know About and Debt Cures "They" Don't Want You to Know About. His writing has been commercially successful. In September 2005, Natural Cures was listed in the New York Times as the number-one-selling nonfiction book in the United States for 25 weeks. It has sold more than five million copies.[20]

Trudeau launched a self-titled Internet radio talk show in February 2009 which also aired on several small radio stations consisting of mostly brokered programming.

Publications[edit]

Natural Cures “They” Don’t Want You to Know About[edit]

In 2004, Trudeau self-published the book 'Natural Cures "They" Don't Want You to Know About', which aimed to provide natural cures and medical advice. The natural cures discussed in the book were for a variety of diseases. The advice centered on various forms of alternative medicine. Trudeau made a number of outstanding claims in the book that received widespread media attention. This included that the sun does not cause cancer, sunscreen is one of the major causes of skin cancer and that AIDS is a hoax.[21]

In the year of the book's launch, Trudeau featured in a 30-minute infomercial, in which he advertised the book. A number of Internet watchdogs were said to have analyzed the transcript, with Quackwatch concluding that the claims were misleading.[22]

After the release of the book a natural cure for Diabetes included in the book was disputed by its purported source. The book refers to research carried out on a natural cure for diabetes at the University of Calgary. When questioned about the natural remedy, the University told ABC News "there have been no human studies conducted at the University of Calgary in the past 20 years on herbal remedies for diabetes."[21]

Rose Shapiro published a book titled Suckers: How Alternative Medicine Makes Fools of Us All, in which she was critical of Trudeau’s theories in his book.[18]

After Trudeau's book achieved quick initial sales during 2005, the New York State Consumer Protection Board issued a warning saying that his book contains no actual cures.[17] CPB Chairman Teresa A. Santiago stated that the book contents were merely “speculation”. Throughout the book, readers are told that the cures they are looking for, in many cases, are available if they spend more money and subscribe to Trudeau's newsletter or his website. Both cost $71.40 per year or $499 for a 'lifetime membership', a move which was criticized by the Board.[17] The book features an endorsement from former FDA commissioner Herbert Ley, who died before the book was published.[23]

More Natural Cures Revealed[edit]

Following Natural Cures "They" Don’t Want You to Know About, Trudeau released a second medical guide two years later. His second book was self-published as well and titled More Natural Cures Revealed: Previously Censored Brand Name Products That Cure Disease.[19]

The book is a similar publication to his first, where he purports to explain why drug and food companies hide the truth about how their products can cause disease.[24] In More Natural Cures Revealed, Trudeau writes that workers at the FDA and FTC want to censor him and, figuratively, burn his books. Though the book received negative comments from some reviewers, it received average ratings on both Amazon and GoodReads.com.[24][25]

The Weight Loss Cure “They” Don't Want You to Know About[edit]

In April 2007, Trudeau released The Weight Loss Cure "They" Don't Want You to Know About. The book describes a weight loss plan originally proposed by British endocrinologist ATW Simeons in the 1950s involving injections of human chorionic gonadotropin. The diet was criticized in 1962 by the Journal of the American Medical Association as hazardous to human health and a waste of money.[26] In 1976, the FTC ordered clinics and promoters of the Simeons Diet and hCG to inform prospective patients that there had not been "substantial evidence" to conclude hCG offered any benefit above that achieved on a restricted calorie diet. Clinical research trials published by the Journal of the American Medical Association and the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition[27] have shown that hCG is ineffective as a weight-loss aid, citing "no statistically significant difference in the means of the two groups" and that hCG "does not appear to enhance the effectiveness of a rigidly imposed regimen for weight reduction."

The FTC has filed a contempt-of-court action against Trudeau alleging that the alleged misrepresentations in the book violate a 2004 consent order.[28][29]

Debt Cures “They” Don't Want You to Know About[edit]

Debt Cures was published in 2007 and has been marketed on television. Chuck Jaffee, a columnist at CBS MarketWatch, stated: "Truth be told, most of the information [in the book] is readily available in personal finance columns you can find online or in books that are readily available in your local library." Trudeau says that if readers disagree with items on their credit reports, they can dispute them as identity theft; this was the "magic cure" of the book's title.[30]

Trudeau routinely mentions esteemed names throughout his books to extend himself creditability, such as Hazel Valera, Executive Director of the California-based non-profit organization Clear Credit Exchange, Harvard Law Professor, Elizabeth Warren, and Robert Hinsley of Consumers Defense, yet none of the mentioned were ever interviewed by Trudeau.

Your Wish Is Your Command[edit]

Published in 2009, the product says it gives tools on how to use the Law of Attraction to manifest readers' desires. The packaging also says it contains key links to using the Law of Attraction that are missing in other publications. Among the claims made in the related infomercial is Trudeau's assertion to have virtually flunked out of high school.[31] He also says he was "taken in" by a mysterious group called "The Brotherhood" that taught him the secrets that he is now widely announcing in his book. There is also an invitation at the conclusion of the series to join a "Global Information Network," claimed to be an exclusive group of "highly influential, affluent, and freedom-orientated people from various business, social and economic sectors" who offer advice to its members.[32] The group operates out of the country of Nevis and employs the Law of Attraction as its principal wealth generator, a concept regarded by most in the scientific community as at-best pseudoscience.[33][34]

Media interviews[edit]

Trudeau has been interviewed by CNN's Paula Zahn,[35] Matt Lauer of NBC's Today Show, and Harry Smith of CBS's The Early Show.[36] Trudeau was also the subject of investigative reports done by Inside Edition,[37] ABC's 20/20[38] and Dateline NBC.[39] The 20/20 segment highlighted a Nightline interview with Jake Tapper in which Trudeau misrepresented the money he was forced to pay to the government, the charges filed against him and the reason the government did not follow-through with charges, and claiming ignorance when the claims made in his book were called false by Tapper.[38] Trudeau was interviewed by Jacques Peretti for the fourth episode of the series The Men Who Made Us Thin on BBC2.

During interviews, Trudeau has often said that the television program in which he is being interviewed is owned by the drug companies. In some cases Trudeau has told his supporters, via his newsletters, that he has been attacked on a particular program or by a particular interviewer.

Infomercials[edit]

At one time, Trudeau was a prolific producer of infomercials. He consented to an FTC ban applying to everything except publications that the FTC concluded would infringe upon his First Amendment rights. All of his subsequent infomercials advertised his books Natural Cures "They" Don't Want You To Know About and The Weight Loss Cure. Notable co-hosts included Leigh Valentine (former wife of televangelist Robert Tilton)[40][41][42] and the late Tammy Faye Messner (the former Tammy Faye Bakker).

Pharmaceutical companies[edit]

Trudeau says that pharmaceutical companies "don't want us to get well" because curing disease is not nearly as profitable as treating it in perpetuity. According to Trudeau, the corporate profit motive overrides the human desire to truly help people.

Trudeau says that natural treatments cannot be patented and are not profitable enough to justify spending hundreds of millions of dollars in testing, so they will always lack FDA approval. Trudeau uses herpes as an example, saying that people with herpes must buy an expensive drug for the rest of their lives. He says that if there were a cheap, easy cure for herpes, the FDA and pharmaceutical companies would not want the population to know about it because corporate profits would suffer.

He cites the number of advertisements on television for prescription drugs and points out that prescription drugs should be advertised to doctors, not to the general public.

He states in one infomercial that there are twelve known cures for cancer but that they are being kept from the general public by the FDA, the FTC, and the pharmaceutical companies. He also says that the FDA and the FTC are two of the most corrupt organizations in America and that there is a long list of chemical ingredients that are secretly not required to be on the FDA ingredients label that are damaging to human health.

Trudeau offers a conspiracy theory, saying that the drug industry and the FDA work with each other to effectively deceive the public by banning all-natural cures in order to protect the profits of the drug industry. Trudeau says that FDA commissioners who leave the FDA to work for large drug companies are paid millions of dollars. In any other industry, according to Trudeau, this would be called "bribery," a "conflict of interest" or "payoffs." Trudeau also says in his infomercials that the food industry includes chemicals (such as MSG and aspartame) to get people "addicted to food" and to "make people obese."[43]

Trudeau has also declared that he will lead a crusade against the FDA and the FTC and will make an effort to sue companies who promote false claims in advertising, such as leading pharmaceutical companies.

References to scientific studies[edit]

One of the major complaints about Trudeau's infomercials is that he makes only vague references to scientific studies, making them impossible to cross-check for accuracy. The same criticism exists for the anecdotal evidence he presents in the infomercials.[44] He does not mention names of people who have been cured by his methods. For example, he tells a story in an infomercial about "a friend from England" who came to his house and complained of heartburn. He also references a study done on the antidepressant qualities of St. John's Wort compared to two prescription medications. He claims that the media reported St. John's Wort was "proven ineffective in study."

The infomercials suggest that referencing studies to substantiate claims will be addressed further in the book, but this is not the case. Readers of his book are often referred to his fee-based subscription website to find Trudeau's suggested natural cures.[clarification needed]

Newspaper articles[edit]

A pair of 2005 Associated Press articles by Candice Choi on the infomercials elaborated on the success and problems of the programs.[45] Choi says that by repeatedly mentioning government sanctions against him, Trudeau "anticipated any backlash with his cuckoo conspiracy theory" and can partially deflect any criticism of him or his infomercials. Trudeau's use of the word "cure" is an issue for regulators. Also, bookstores are polled on their decisions to sell or not sell a successful and controversial self-published book.

Additional marketing ventures[edit]

Audio tapes: “Mega Memory”[edit]

Trudeau says he adapted techniques used to improve the memory of the blind and the mentally challenged to create Mega Memory and Advanced Mega Memory audio tapes. His promotion of memory-enhancing products was ended by the intervention of the Federal Trade Commission which alleged that the claims made by Trudeau were false and programs involved would not enable users to achieve a "photographic memory," as the advertising claimed.[46]

Trudeau used research that Dr. Michael Van Masters did with the State School for the Blind in Muskogee, Oklahoma, in 1975 as the basis of the Mega Memory products. Trudeau was selling automobiles at Neponset Lincoln Mercury in the Dorchester neighborhood of Boston in 1982 when he first met Van Masters. Shortly after meeting Van Masters, Kevin joined Van Masters in the memory business in Chicago.[citation needed]

Non-surgical face lift[edit]

In addition to Natural Cures, Trudeau also hosted an infomercial that features the "Perfect Lift" non-surgical face lift. In the United Kingdom, this infomercial was found to violate the ITC advertising rules.[47]

In 2008, Trudeau began airing another infomercial, for a product called Firmalift, with Leigh Valentine.

Trudeau partners with Donald Barrett and ITV Direct[edit]

On September 11, 2006, Donald Barrett and ITV Direct, a direct marketing company based in Beverly, Massachusetts, announced that they had partnered with Trudeau to market both of his Natural Cures books.[48] Trudeau also worked with ITV to create ITV Ventures, a new MLM group based out of ITV's home office.[49] As of December 2006, ITV Direct has pulled all information concerning both this partnership and Trudeau's books from its corporate website; however, the infomercials have continued to run as of April 14, 2008.

International Pool Tour[edit]

IPT Starship Stage for TV rounds and finals at North American Championship held in Las Vegas, Nevada, July 2006

Trudeau founded the International Pool Tour (IPT), with some of the largest purses and prizes given out in billiards.[50][not in citation given] The IPT was unable to pay prize money from a 2006 tournament in Reno, Nevada, which The New York Times reported had a crushing effect on the pool community as a whole.[51]

Legal proceedings[edit]

In connection with his promotional activities he has had a felony conviction and has been an unsuccessful defendant in several Federal Trade Commission (FTC) lawsuits.[52][53][54][55][56] Trudeau has been charged several times by agencies of the United States government for making claims without evidence. In these cases Trudeau signed a consent decree in which he did not plead guilty but did agree to stop making the claims and to pay a fine. Trudeau subsequently began to sell books, which are protected by the First Amendment.[38]

Trudeau was convicted of fraud and larceny in the early 1990s.[57] The FTC has sued him repeatedly and keeps an extensive record of its conflicts with him.[58] A court order currently restricts his ability to promote and sell any product or service; however, he is permitted to promote books and other publications due to free-speech protection under the First Amendment as long as they are not used to promote or sell products or services and do not contain misrepresentations.[15][16] On November 19, 2007, a court found Trudeau in contempt of that court order for making deceptive claims about his book The Weight Loss Cure "They" Don't Want You to Know About.[59][60] In August 2008, he was fined more than $5 million[61] and banned from infomercials for three years for continuing to make fraudulent claims pertaining to the book. The amount of the monetary damages was later increased to $37 million.[62]

1990–1991: Larceny and credit card fraud[edit]

In 1990, Trudeau posed as a doctor in order to deposit $80,000 in false checks, and in 1991 he pleaded guilty to larceny. That same year, Trudeau faced federal charges of credit card fraud after he stole the names and Social Security numbers[10] of eleven customers of a mega memory product and charged $122,735.68 on their credit cards.[63] He spent two years in federal prison because of this conviction.[45] Later, in an interview, he explained his crimes as:

"... youthful indiscretions and not as bad as they sound, and besides, both were partly the fault of other people, and besides, he has changed. The larceny he explains as a series of math errors compounded by the 'mistake' of a bank official. As for why the bank thought he was a doctor, that was just a simple misunderstanding, because he jokingly referred to himself as a 'doctor in memory'. He still can't quite believe he was prosecuted for the larceny charges. 'Give me a break,' he says."[11]

1996: SEC and various states[edit]

Trudeau began working for Nutrition For Life, a multi-level marketing program, in the mid-1990s. In 1996, his recruitment practices were cited by the states of Illinois and Michigan, as well as the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. Illinois sued Trudeau and Jules Leib, his partner, accusing them of operating an illegal pyramid scheme. They settled with Illinois and seven other states for $185,000 after agreeing to change their tactics. Michigan forbade him from operating in the state.[11][12][13][14] A class action lawsuit was filed by stockholders of Nutrition for Life for violations of Texas law, including misrepresenting and/or omitting material information about Nutrition for Life International, Inc.'s business. In August 1997, the company paid $2 million in cash to common stockholders and holders of warrants during the class period to settle the case. The company also paid the plaintiffs' attorney fees of $600,000.[64]

1998: FTC fine[edit]

In 1998, Trudeau was fined $500,000, the funds to be used for consumer redress by the FTC, relating to six infomercials he had produced and in which the FTC determined he had made false or misleading claims. These infomercials included "Hair Farming," "Mega Memory System," "Addiction Breaking System," "Action Reading," "Eden's Secret," and "Mega Reading."[46][65] The products included a "hair farming system" that was supposed to "finally end baldness in the human race," and "a breakthrough that in 60 seconds can eliminate" addictions, discovered when a certain "Dr. Callahan" was "studying quantum physics."[11][66]

2004: FTC contempt of court and injunction[edit]

In June 2003, the FTC filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois against Trudeau and some of his companies (Shop America (USA), LLC; Shop America Marketing Group, LLC; and Trustar Global Media, Limited), alleging that disease-related claims for Coral Calcium Supreme were false and unsubstantiated. In July 2003, Trudeau entered into a stipulated preliminary injunction that prohibited him from continuing to make the challenged claims for Coral Calcium Supreme and Biotape.

In the summer of 2004, the court found Trudeau in contempt of court for violating the preliminary injunction, because he had sent out a direct mail piece and produced an infomercial making prohibited claims. The court ordered Trudeau to cease all marketing for coral calcium products.

In September 2004, Trudeau agreed to pay $2 million ($500,000 in cash plus transfer of residential property located in Ojai, California, and a luxury vehicle) to settle charges that he falsely claimed that a coral calcium product can cure cancer and other serious diseases and that a purported analgesic called Biotape can permanently cure or relieve severe pain. He also agreed to a lifetime ban on promoting products using infomercials, but excluded restrictions to promote his books via infomercials.[15][16][67] Trudeau was the only person ever banned by the FTC from selling a product via television.[21] Lydia Parnes, speaking for the FTC's Bureau of Consumer Protection stated: "This ban is meant to shut down an infomercial empire that has misled American consumers for years."[16] Trudeau claimed the government was trying to discredit his book because he was "exposing them."[21]

2005: Trudeau v. FTC[edit]

On February 28, 2005, Trudeau filed a complaint against the FTC in the U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia seeking declaratory and injunctive relief. Trudeau also filed a motion for preliminary injunction, which the court denied.[68]

The complaint charged that the FTC had retaliated against him for his criticism of the agency by issuing a press release that falsely characterized and intentionally and deliberately misrepresented the 2004 Final Order. That conduct, Trudeau asserted, exceeded the FTC's authority under 15 U.S.C. § 46(f) and violated the First Amendment. The FTC responded with a motion to dismiss the complaint for lack of subject-matter jurisdiction under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 12(b)(1), and for failure to state a claim for which relief can be granted under Rule 12(b)(6).

The district court granted the FTC's motion to dismiss. First, the court concluded that it lacked subject-matter jurisdiction because the press release was not "a 'final agency action'" under “section 704 of the [Administrative Procedure Act]”, 5 U.S.C. § 704. Second, the court held, "in the alternative, that Trudeau’s claims failed to state a viable cause of action as a matter of law."[68]

Trudeau later filed an appeal which was unsuccessful in reversing the court's ruling.[69]

2005: Trudeau v. New York Consumer Protection Board[edit]

Trudeau filed a lawsuit on August 11, 2005, accusing the New York State Consumer Protection Board of violating his First Amendment rights by contacting television stations in New York state and urging them to pull Trudeau's infomercials promoting his book Natural Cures "They" Don't Want You to Know About.[70] Trudeau won a temporary restraining order on September 6, 2005 prohibiting the Board from sending letters to the television stations. The temporary restraining order was replaced by a preliminary injunction. However, Trudeau lost a motion to have the Board send a "corrective letter" to the television stations and subsequently dropped all claims for monetary damages. The case is still in litigation.[citation needed]

2007: FTC contempt of court action[edit]

The FTC filed a contempt of court action against Trudeau and the companies that market The Weight Loss Cure 'They' Don't Want You to Know About, alleging that Trudeau was in contempt of a 2004 court order by "deceptively claiming in his infomercials that the book being advertised establishes a weight-loss protocol that is 'easy' to follow." The action was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Illinois on September 17, 2007.[28] According to an FTC press release, Trudeau has claimed that the weight loss plan outlined in the book is easy, can be done at home, and readers can eat anything they want. When consumers buy the book, they find it describes a complex plan that requires intense dieting, daily injections of a prescribed drug that is not easily obtainable, and lifelong dietary restrictions.[29]

On November 19, 2007, Trudeau was found in contempt of the 2004 court order for "patently false" claims in his weight loss book. U.S. District Court Judge Robert W. Gettleman ruled that Trudeau "clearly misrepresents in his advertisements the difficulty of the diet described in his book, and by doing so, he has misled thousands of consumers."[59][60][71] On August 7, 2008, Gettleman issued an order that Trudeau was not to appear in infomercials for any product in which he has any interest, for three years from the date of the order; and was to pay a penalty of $5,173,000, an estimate of the royalties received from the weight loss book.[72][73] On November 4, 2008, Gettleman amended the judgment to $37,616,161, the amount consumers paid in response to the deceptive infomercials. The court denied Trudeau's request to reconsider or stay this ruling on December 11 of the same year.[62]

Trudeau appealed the ruling to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit which upheld the contempt finding, but sent the case back to the lower court to explain the basis of the $37,616,161 damage finding and the three-year infomercial ban.[74] After the lower court justified the basis for the damage finding, and set a $2 million performance bond for future infomercial advertising, Trudeau again appealed to the Seventh Circuit, which affirmed the damage award on November 29, 2011.[75]

2010: Arrest on criminal contempt of court charge[edit]

On February 11, 2010, Trudeau was arrested and appeared in U.S. District Court before Gettleman for criminal contempt of court after he "asked his supporters to email the federal judge overseeing a pending civil case brought against him by the Federal Trade Commission." He was forced to turn over his passport, pay a $50,000 bond and was warned he could face future prison time for interfering with the direct process of the court.[76] On February 17, Gettleman sentenced Trudeau to 30 days in jail and forfeiture of the $50,000 bond.[77] Well-known critic of Trudeau, Stephen Barrett, the creator of Quackwatch.org, "has for years labeled Trudeau a fraud" and was quoted: "He struck me as somebody who (believes he) is omnipotent. That is, no one can touch him," Barrett said. "That’s almost been the case."[76] Trudeau appealed the ruling and on May 20 the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals granted his motion, dismissing the contempt citation.[78]

2011: Loss of appeal against $37.6m fine[edit]

On November 28, 2011, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and the Federal Trade Commission issued warnings to companies selling human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) as weight loss products as the claims are unsupported.[79] The HCG diet was popularized by Trudeau's The Weight-Loss Cure "They" Don't Want You to Know About book in 2007.[79][80]

On Nov. 29, 2011, Trudeau lost his 2010 appeal in the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. The court found that the $37.6 million fine for violating his 2004 settlement with the Federal Trade Commission was appropriate as Trudeau had aired 32,000 infomercials and described the figure as "conservative."[3][4] The court considered sales only from the 800 number used to place orders and excluded internet and store sales.[3][4] Additionally, the court found that requiring Trudeau to make a $2 million performance bond prior to participating in an infomercial was constitutional.[3]

2013–2014: Jail for non-payment of fine, hiding of assets[edit]

On September 18, 2013, Trudeau was jailed after Judge Robert Gettleman held Trudeau in civil contempt. The judge found that Trudeau was violating orders requiring him to stop spending on everything except necessities and demanded that he cooperate fully with a court-appointed receiver trying to establish the true extent of Trudeau's wealth.[81] Trudeau met with the receiver, who indicated that he had "questions and troubling thoughts" about Trudeau's answers. Trudeau was released the next day but was warned by the judge that he would end up back in jail if he did not reveal all of his assets.[82] The jailing occurred when the judge also ruled that Trudeau had failed to pay the more than $37 million fine that dates back to 2010.[83] Trudeau was jailed again on October 22, 2013 for non-payment of the fine.[84]

On November 12, 2013, Trudeau was found guilty in federal court of criminal contempt for violating his 2004 agreement over claims he made in 2006 and 2007 in support of his weight loss book.[85] With sentencing scheduled for February, 2014, Judge Ronald Guzman ordered Trudeau jailed immediately as a flight risk.[86]

The next week, on November 21, 2013, U.S. District Judge Robert Gettleman ordered that Trudeau be held indefinitely for his continuing failure to disclose hidden assets.[87]

On January 29, 2014, Judge Ronald Guzman refused Trudeau’s motion to be acquitted on contempt charges. "All of this evidence supports the jury’s conclusion that defendant made blatantly false and misleading statements in the infomercials about the content of his book," Guzman said. Guzman suggested that Trudeau anticipated a marketing bonanza from the infomercials.[88]

In February 2014 it was announced that a number of possessions owned by Trudeau, such as a copy of Catherine the Great’s favorite 72-candle chandelier, in his second home in Ojai, Calif. will be sold at auction. Any money raised will go towards the unpaid fine owed by Trudeau.[89]

On March 17, 2014, Trudeau was sentenced to 10 years in prison for not paying any of the previous $37 million in fines.[90] Prosecutors at Trudeau's trial said that he was an "unrepentant, untiring, and uncontrollable huckster who has defrauded the unsuspecting for 30 years." He plans to appeal the case.[91]

Even in the immediate aftermath of his imprisonment, infomercials for his Free Money 'They' Don't Want You to Know About book continued to appear on TV. Any royalties from the book will go towards paying Trudeau's outstanding fines.[92]

Trudeau is incarcerated at Federal Prison Camp Montgomery, near Montgomery, Alabama, and is scheduled for release on July 18, 2022.[93]

Other criticisms[edit]

Medical experience[edit]

One common criticism by consumer groups is that Trudeau has had no medical training. Trudeau responds that by not having such training, he is not biased toward pharmaceutical companies and the FDA, and that medical doctors "are taught only how to write out prescriptions" for "poisons" and "cut out pieces of a person's anatomy."[94]

Unsubstantiated claims[edit]

Trudeau has been criticized for his inability to provide evidence to back up his claims. Although he recites anecdotes, he has never provided evidence evaluated by licensed medical practitioners. In instances where Trudeau has been asked to provide proof, he has misinterpreted medical studies or cited dubious or fictitious studies. For example, Trudeau cited a nonexistent 25-year research study involving a natural cure for diabetes at the University of Calgary.[95] When ABC News correspondent Jake Tapper confronted him on Nightline, Trudeau insisted that he had a copy of the study and would provide it. He never did.[21] He later claimed on his infomercials that the university destroyed its findings to prevent reprisals from the pharmaceutical industry.[citation needed]

False endorsements[edit]

In August 2005, the New York Consumer Protection Board warned consumers that Trudeau has used false claims of endorsements to promote his products, noting that the back cover of Natural Cures includes false endorsements. Further, the NYCPB states that Trudeau's television ads "give the false impression that Tammy Faye Messner opposes chemotherapy in favor of the 'natural cures' in Trudeau's book." A representative for Messner before her death from cancer said that was not true and that she was starting chemotherapy again.[17]

The back cover includes the following quote from Dr. Herbert Ley, a former commissioner of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration who died three years before the book was written: "The thing that bugs me is that people think the FDA is protecting them. It isn't. What the FDA is doing and what people think it's doing are as different as night and day." Trudeau's lawyer, David J. Bradford, says that this quote does not constitute a false endorsement of his book by Ley but rather is merely a statement that is in line with the purpose of his book.[96]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.ftc.gov/opa/2008/10/trudeau.shtm[clarification needed]]]
  2. ^ "FTC v. Trudeau". Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d Forward, Joe (Nov 30, 2011). "Infomercial guru must reimburse $37.6 million for misleading consumers". State Bar of Wisconsin. Retrieved 5 December 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c Baynes, Terry; Jonathan Stempel (Nov 29, 2011). "TV pitchman Trudeau loses appeal of $37.6 million fine". Reuters. Retrieved 5 December 2011. 
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