Keweenaw Mountain Lodge and Golf Course Complex

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Keweenaw Mountain Lodge and Golf Course Complex
Keweenaw Mountain Lodge Copper Harbor MI 2009.jpg
Keweenaw Mountain Lodge
Keweenaw Mountain Lodge and Golf Course Complex is located in Michigan
Keweenaw Mountain Lodge and Golf Course Complex
Location Grant Township, Keweenaw County, Michigan
Nearest city Copper Harbor, Michigan
Coordinates 47°27′33″N 87°54′36″W / 47.45917°N 87.91000°W / 47.45917; -87.91000Coordinates: 47°27′33″N 87°54′36″W / 47.45917°N 87.91000°W / 47.45917; -87.91000
Built 1934-1935
Architect WPA; Louis Azzi
Architectural style Late 19th and Early 20th Century American Movements, Shingle Style, Western Stick; Rustic
Governing body Local
NRHP Reference # 80001878[1]
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 18, 1980
Designated MSHS June 18, 1976[2]

The Keweenaw Mountain Lodge and Golf Course Complex is a resort located near Copper Harbor, Michigan. It was designated a Michigan State Historic Site in 1976[2] and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970,[1] and is open to the public.

Description[edit]

Cabins at the Lodge complex

The Keweenaw Mountain Lodge Complex covers 167 acres (0.68 km2), and consists of multiple buildings, including the main lodge and 23 cabins.[2] A golf course, constructed at the same time as the lodge and cabins, covers much of the remaining land.[2] Mountain bike trails and a disc golf course have been added in recent years. All structures within the district are unified by their rustic construction; the structures have low gable roofs and are made using rough-cut stone and dark painted logs.[2]

History[edit]

During the early 1930s, the Great Depression hit Keweenaw County hard. The mining industry had fallen on hard times, and unemployment stood at over seventy percent.[3] Ocha Potter, the head of the Keweenaw Road Commission and superintendent of Ahmeek Mine,[4] conceived of constructing a resort complex in the county. In 1933, he applied to the Federal government for funding under the newly minted Civil Works Administration.[3] The county Board of Park Trustees had previously negotiated purchase of 167 acres (0.68 km2) of land from the Keweenaw Copper Company, situated about one mile (1.6 km) south of Copper Harbor.[3]

Clearing of the forest cover began in the winter of 1933/34, and the stumps were cleared as the weather let up. The logs from the property were used construct the lodge.[3] By the end of 1934, the lodge was nearly completed and the first nine holes of the golf course were cleared and seeded (a second planned nine holes was never completed).[3] In 1935, another project to build 20 cabins was approved by the Works Progress Administration, which were completed during the next few years. Four additional cottages were built in 1947/48 using profits from the operation of the lodge.[3]

Significance[edit]

The Lodge complex was designed and built in 1934 and 1935, in the depths of the Great Depression, using crews of local workmen.[2] The construction was overseen by Keweenaw County and used Federal relief money. The site is an example of government-funded work projects designed to boost local economies, and is significant in its effort to protect and maintain the environment while offering recreational opportunity.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Keweenaw Mountain Lodge and Golf Course Complex from the state of Michigan, retrieved 8/16/09
  3. ^ a b c d e f Keweenaw Mountain Lodge by John W. Jackon, Keweenaw County Engineer, Ret, retrieved 8/16/09
  4. ^ Hunts' Guide to Michigan's UPPER PENINSULA, Copper Harbor, retrieved 8/16/09

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • LaVanway, Paul (2010). The Keweenaw Mountain Lodge story. Copper Harbor, MI: Paul LaVanway. ISBN 978-0-9823451-1-5.