Key Biodiversity Areas

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The Key Biodiversity Areas (KBA) approach helps to identify and designate areas of international importance in terms of biodiversity conservation using globally standardised criteria. KBAs extend the Important Bird Area (IBA) concept to other taxonomic groups and are now being identified in many parts of the world, by a range of organisations. Examples include Important Plant Areas (IPAs), Ecologically and Biologically Significant Areas (EBSAs) in the High Seas, Alliance for Zero Extinction (AZE) sites, Prime Butterfly Areas, Important Mammal Areas and Important Sites for Freshwater Biodiversity, with prototype criteria developed for freshwater molluscs and fish and for marine systems.[1] The determination of KBAs often brings sites onto the conservation agenda that hadn't previously been identified as needing protection due to the nature of the two non-exclusive criteria used to determine them; vulnerability; and irreplaceability[2]

Objectives[edit]

  • Develop technical and conservation capacity within individual countries and on a global scale
  • Develop partnerships between key organisations – both governmental and nongovernmental – concerned with site conservation
  • Build broad understanding of the process, and broad ownership of the final site list
  • Focus any new survey work on the most important gaps in knowledge[3]

See also[edit]

Conservation biology
Ecoregions
Biodiversity
Crisis Ecoregions
High-Biodiversity Wilderness Areas
Biodiversity Hotspots
Biosphere Reserves
Site-based conservation
Protected Areas


References[edit]

  1. ^ Langhammer, Edgar et al. 'Key Biodiversity Areas as globally significant target sites for marine conservation' (Sep., 2008) Vol. 18, No. 6 Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems pp. 969-983
  2. ^ Stattersfield, A J, et al. Endemic Bird Areas of the World. Priorities for Biodiversity Conservation (Cambridge: BirdLife International, 1998)
  3. ^ Eken, Güven et al. Key biodiversity areas: Identifying the world's priority sites for conservation – lessons learned from Turkey The Gaps Guide: http://www.protectedareas.info/upload/document Accessed: 28 April 2011

External links[edit]