Key Pittman

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Key Pittman
Key Pittman in 1915.jpg
Pittman in 1915
United States Senator
from Nevada
In office
January 29, 1913 – November 10, 1940
Preceded by William A. Massey
Succeeded by Berkeley L. Bunker
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
In office
March 4, 1933 – November 10, 1940
Preceded by George H. Moses
Succeeded by William H. King
Chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
In office
March 4, 1933 – November 10, 1940
Preceded by William E. Borah
Succeeded by Walter F. George
Personal details
Born Key Denson Pittman
(1872-09-18)September 18, 1872
Vicksburg, Mississippi
Died November 10, 1940(1940-11-10) (aged 68)
Reno, Nevada
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Mimosa Pittman (née Gates)
Profession Lawyer

Key Denson Pittman (September 19, 1872 – November 10, 1940) was a United States Senator from Nevada, serving eventually as its President pro tempore and its Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations. He was a Democrat.

Biography[edit]

Early years[edit]

Pittman was born in Vicksburg, Mississippi, in 1872. He had a younger brother Vail, who would later serve as Governor of Nevada.[1]

Pittman was educated by private tutors and at the Southwestern Presbyterian University in Clarksville, Tennessee. He studied law, then later became a lawyer. In 1897, Pittman joined in the Klondike Gold Rush and worked as a miner until 1901.

Pittman moved to Tonopah, Nevada, in 1902 and continued the practice of law. He represented Nevada at the St. Louis Exposition, the Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition, and the National Irrigation Congress.[citation needed]

Political career[edit]

Pittman in 1918.

In 1910, he made an unsuccessful run for the Senate. Later, he was elected as a Democrat to the Senate in 1913 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of George S. Nixon, and served until his death in 1940.

Between 1933 and 1940, during the Presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Pittman was the Chairman of the Committee on Foreign Relations and a member of the Committee on Territories and the Committee on Industrial Expositions. In addition, during those years Pittman was also President pro tempore of the United States Senate.

Among his legislation is the Pittman–Robertson Wildlife Restoration Act of 1937 which set up a formula for federal sharing of ammunition tax revenue for establishing state wildlife areas. The program is still in effect.[citation needed] The Key Pittman Wildlife Management Area near Hiko, Nevada, which encompasses the Frenchy and Nesbitt Lakes, is named in his honor.

Death and legacy[edit]

It was rumored for years that Pittman died before his final election in 1940, and that Democratic party leaders kept the body in a hotel bathtub full of ice until he was reelected so Governor Edward Carville, a fellow Democrat, could appoint a replacement. While the rumor was false the truth was, as former Nevada State Archivist Guy Rocha wrote, "just as disreputable". Pittman suffered a severe heart attack just before the election on 5 November, and two doctors told his aides before the election that death was imminent. To avoid affecting the election, the party told the press that the senator was hospitalized for exhaustion and that his condition was not serious. Pittman died on 10 November at the Washoe General Hospital in Reno, Nevada.[2]

Several pieces of legislation bore his name, including the Pittman Act of 1918 and the Pittman–Robertson Federal Aid in Wildlife Restoration Act of 1937.

The Pittman section of the Alaska Railroad, more commonly known today as the community of Meadow Lakes west of Wasilla, was also named for him.[3] Pittman Road runs north from its intersection with the George Parks Highway at "downtown" Meadow Lakes.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Nevada Governor Vail Montgomery Pittman". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 6, 2012. 
  2. ^ Rocha, Guy; Myers, Dennis (May 2003). "Myth #88 - Key Pittman on Ice". Sierra Sage. State Library and Archives, Department of Administration, State of Nevada. Retrieved 3 October 2013. 
  3. ^ Williams, Anita L.; Ewers, Linda D. (2003). Ride Guide to the Historic Alaska Railroad. Anchorage: TurnAgain Products. p. 30. ISBN 0939301016. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Wayne S. Cole, "Senator Key Pittman and American Neutrality Policies, 1933-1940," Mississippi Valley Historical Review, vol. 46, no. 4 (March 1960), pp. 644-662. In JSTOR
  • Betty Glad, Key Pittman: The Tragedy of a Senate Insider (New York: Columbia University Press, 1986).
  • Fred L. Israel, Nevada’s Key Pittman (Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1963).

External links[edit]


United States Senate
Preceded by
William A. Massey
U.S. Senator from Nevada
1913–1940
Succeeded by
Berkeley L. Bunker
Political offices
Preceded by
William E. Borah
Idaho
Chair of the United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations
1933–1940
Succeeded by
Walter F. George
Georgia
Preceded by
George H. Moses
New Hampshire
President pro tempore of the United States Senate
March 9, 1933 – November 10, 1940
Succeeded by
William H. King
Utah