Keyingham

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Keyingham
Keyingham is located in East Riding of Yorkshire
Keyingham
Keyingham
 Keyingham shown within the East Riding of Yorkshire
Population 2,314 (2011 census)[1]
OS grid reference TA245255
   – London 150 mi (240 km)  S
Civil parish Keyingham
Unitary authority East Riding of Yorkshire
Ceremonial county East Riding of Yorkshire
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HULL
Postcode district HU12
Dialling code 01964
Police Humberside
Fire Humberside
Ambulance Yorkshire
EU Parliament Yorkshire and the Humber
UK Parliament Beverley and Holderness
List of places
UK
England
Yorkshire

Coordinates: 53°42′40″N 0°06′45″W / 53.7112°N 0.1126°W / 53.7112; -0.1126

Keyingham is a village and civil parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, England. The village is situated approximately 10 miles (16 km) east of Kingston upon Hull city centre and lies on the A1033 road.

History[edit]

A possible Iron Age or Roman enclosure was 800 yards (1 km) north-east from the present village, identified by ariel photography,[2] and at the north and south of the village is evidence of medieval earthworks, field boundaries, ponds, trackways, and ridges and furrows.[3][4][5] Less than 1 mile (1.6 km) west of the village is the site of St Philips Well, a medieval water spring.[6]

Keyingham is listed in the 1086 Domesday Book as in the Hundred of Holderness, with 31 households, 30 villagers, one priest and a church. Eight ploughlands and 24 acres (0.1 km2) of meadow are recorded. In 1066 Thorfridh held the lordship, this transferred by 1086 to Drogo of la BeuvriËre, who was also Tenant-in-chief to King William I.[7]

In 1823 Keyingham (or Kyingham) was a civil parish in the Wapentake and Liberty of Holderness. The patronage of the ecclesiastical parish and church was under the Archbishop of York. In 1802 the interest from a bequest of 200 shillings was left for the education of poor parish children of 'Kayingham', administered by the churchwardens, and the incumbent who held his post as a perpetual curate. Parish population in 1823 was 639. Occupations included eight farmers, two blacksmiths, two wheelwrights, four grocers, a corn miller, six shoemakers, two tailors, one of whom was also a draper, a bricklayer who was also the parish clerk, a school master, the landlord of The Blue Bell and the landlady of The Gate public houses. Two carriers operated between the village and Hull twice weekly.[8]

Keyingham was served from 1854 to 1964 by Keyingham railway station on the Hull and Holderness Railway.[9]

Community[edit]

St Nicholas' Church

According to the 2011 UK Census, Keyingham parish had a population of 2,314,[1] an increase on the 2001 UK Census figure of 2,302.[10]

The parish church of St Nicholas is a Grade I listed building. Its spire was removed and parapets rebuilt in the late 1960s.[11] Within St Nicholas' Church south chapel was a shrine to Philip Ingleberd (d.132). The remains of the medieval ashlar St Philip's Cross, Grade II listed and dedicated to Ingleberd, stands on Church Lane.[12] Further parish listed structures are a farmhouse, 2.5 miles (4.0 km) to the south at Little Dam Lane,[13] The Old Vicarage on Station Road,[14] and two windmill towers, one on Mill Road, the other on Ottringham Road.[15][16][17][18]

Keyingham amenities and businesses include a doctor's surgery, a Co-operative food store, a newsagent, a butchers, takeaway outlets, a funeral directors, hairdressers, and a village hall. The village public house is the Ship Inn on Main Street. A further public house and a former coaching inn on Main Street, the Blue Bell, closed in 2012. Two horticultural nurseries which cover an area almost equal to that of the village are at the east and west of the village. To the west are sand and gravel pits. Highland cattle are kept in a field just outside the village.

Education[edit]

The village has one primary school, Keyingham Primary School. It was opened to pupils at the beginning of the 2007 school year, replacing the former infant school on the same site. The new school combines the former junior and infant schools, the junior school being based in a former board school building across the road which closed in 2006. The schools serve children from Keyingham and the neighbouring village of Ottringham just over 1 mile (1.6 km) to the east.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics: Area: Keyingham CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 5 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Monument No. 1336159 (1336159). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  3. ^ Monument No. 1462807 (1462807). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  4. ^ Monument No. 1462805 (1462805). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  5. ^ Monument No. 1462888 (1462888). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  6. ^ St Philips Well (81693). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  7. ^ "Keyingham", Open Domesday, University of Hull. Retrieved 7 December 2014
  8. ^ Baines, Edward (1823): History, Directory and Gazetteer of the County of York, p. 358, 359
  9. ^ Butt, R. V. J. (1995). The Directory of Railway Stations: details every public and private passenger station, halt, platform and stopping place, past and present (1st ed.). Sparkford: Patrick Stephens Ltd. ISBN 1-8526-0508-1. OCLC 60251199. 
  10. ^ "2001 Census: Key Statistics: Parish Headcounts: Area: Keyingham CP (Parish)". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 November 2006. 
  11. ^ English Heritage. "Church of St Nicholas (1160841)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  12. ^ English Heritage. "Base of St Philip's Cross Approximately 10 Centimetres East of Ebor House, Keyingham (1083484)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  13. ^ English Heritage. "Saltaugh Grange Farmhouse, Keyingham (1310359)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  14. ^ English Heritage. "The Old Vicarage (1083486)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  15. ^ English Heritage. "Windmill Tower Approximately 20 Metres South West of Mill House (1160858)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  16. ^ English Heritage. "Windmill Tower at Mill Nurseries (1083485)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 7 December 2014. 
  17. ^ Old Mill (497783). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  18. ^ Keyingham New Mill (498002). PastScape. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 December 2014.
  • Gazetteer — A–Z of Towns Villages and Hamlets. East Riding of Yorkshire Council. 2006. p. 7. 

External links[edit]