Keystone (train)

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Not to be confused with Keystone Service.
Keystone
Pennsylvania Railroad Keystone coach
Illustration of one of the Keystone coaches from a 1956 advertisement.
In service 1956–1968
Manufacturer Budd Company
Constructed 1956
Number built 1
Formation 1 power car and 7 coaches
Fleet numbers 9600–9607
Capacity 574 (82 per coach)
Operator Pennsylvania Railroad
Specifications
Car length 85 feet (25.91 m)
Width 9 feet 10 inches (3.00 m)
Height 11 feet 9 inches (3.58 m)
Weight 91,780 pounds (41,630 kg)
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Notes
[1]

The Keystone was a set of eight lightweight streamlined cars built by the Budd Company in 1956 for the Pennsylvania Railroad. The set comprised seven coaches seating a total of 574 passengers and a single head end power (HEP) generator car. The train was normally used in New York, New York, to Washington, D.C., service, making two round trips per day. The design was not a success and the cars were retired in 1968.

Design[edit]

The coaches were of a unique, split-level design, with the center portion of each car having a floor level two feet below that of standard coaches. This lowered the cars' center of gravity, allowing the train to safely take curves at higher speeds. The coaches were also built to a stressed-skin "Tubular" design, with the shell of the car providing all of the cars structural strength, without the normal heavy steel underframe. This resulted in cars weighing only 60% of what standard cars would weigh.[2]

The split-level design, with short stairways between levels, proved unpopular with passengers, causing bottlenecks during loading and unloading.[3]

Service history[edit]

The Pennsylvania introduced the cars in 1956, with the set making two daily round-trips between New York City and Washington, D.C.. These services were named Morning Keystone, Midday Keystone, Evening Keystone, and Midnight Keystone. In addition to the tubular coaches all four trains operated with conventional equipment such as dining cars and parlor cars. The Midnight Keystone, which departed New York at 11:10 PM, carried sleeping cars.[4]

The trainset was retired from service in 1968 and stored in Altoona, Pennsylvania.[5] Amtrak took possession of the equipment but sold it to the South East Michigan Transportation Authority (SEMTA) in May 1976 for $80,000.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Budd Company. "E-456589-B,A - class P85k (#9603-9607)". 
  2. ^ Pennsylvania Railroad (1956). "About the New Tubular Train". 
  3. ^ http://www.trainweb.org/phillynrhs/Budd.html
  4. ^ Official Guide of the Railways (New York: National Railway Publication Co.). July 1956. OCLC 6340864. 
  5. ^ "PRR CHRONOLOGY: 1968". June 2004. Retrieved 2014-05-26. 
  6. ^ http://www.prrths.com/Hagley/PRR1976%20Nov%2005.pdf
  7. ^ Simon, Elbert; Warner, David C. (2011). Amtrak by the numbers: a comprehensive passenger car and motive power roster, 1971-2011. Kansas City, MO: White River Productions. p. 153. ISBN 978-1-932804-12-9. OCLC 837623640. 

External links[edit]