כְּפַר אֲדֻמִּים, כפר אדומים
Kfar Adumim (Hebrew: כְּפַר אֲדֻמִּים. lit. Red Village) is a mixed religious-secular communal Israeli settlement in the West Bank. Located in the Judean Desert, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Binyamin Regional Council. In 2007 it had a population of 2,500. Khan al-Ahmar, a Bedouin encampment, is located between Kfar Adumim and Ma'ale Adumim. The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.
Kfar Adumim was established in September 1979. Kfar Adumim was one of a number of settlements linked by a road secretly built by settlers in 1995. The road joins Anatot to Kfar Adumim, Nofei Prat, and Alon. According to Pinhas Wallerstein, then head of the Mateh Binyamin Regional Council, the road was one of a number of secretly built roads under construction in the area. Wallerstein claimed that as council head, he did not need permission to construct roads, but that he would stop construction if the Israel Defense Forces told him to. He also said "What are they going to do, tell us to take the road away? If the road is illegal let them take us to court."
Kfar Adumim is home to the Ein Prat pre-military mechina, affiliated with the family of Philadelphia 76ers owner and billionaire Joshua Harris. The mechina includes a basketball team made up of 35 Ethiopian Jewish teenagers from Jerusalem's Talpiot neighborhood. The team was founded through an initiative on the part of Stuart Harris, son of Joshua, who used money given to him by his father for his Bar Mitzvah to train the team and to fund Kung Fu lessons and a school tutoring program for the teenagers.
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