Kfar Chabad

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Kfar Chabad
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • official Kfar Habad, Kefar Habad
Full-scale replica of "770" in Kfar Chabad
Full-scale replica of "770" in Kfar Chabad
Kfar Chabad is located in Israel
Kfar Chabad
Kfar Chabad
Coordinates: 31°59′19.32″N 34°51′7.19″E / 31.9887000°N 34.8519972°E / 31.9887000; 34.8519972Coordinates: 31°59′19.32″N 34°51′7.19″E / 31.9887000°N 34.8519972°E / 31.9887000; 34.8519972
Council Lod Valley
Affiliation Chabad
Founded 1949
Population (2009) 5,900

Kfar Chabad (Hebrew: כְּפַר חַבָּ"ד, lit. Chabad Village) is a Chabad-Lubavitch village in central Israel. Located between Beit Dagan and Lod, it falls under the jurisdiction of Lod Valley Regional Council. In 2009, it had a population of 4,900.[1][2]

History[edit]

Kfar Chabad was established in 1949 by Yosef Yitzchak Schneersohn.[3] The first inhabitants were mostly recent immigrants from the Soviet Union, survivors of World War II and Stalinist oppression. The site was originally a Palestinian Arab village called Al-Safiriyya, which was depopulated in the 1948 Arab–Israeli War.[4] As late as 1957, it was referred to in Hebrew as Tzafrir (also spelled Shafrir).[5]

Regarding their aliyah, the Jewish Observer reported: “There were several noteworthy aspect of this Aliyah. The Chabad members refused all offers of help from religious and political organizations; they insisted on going on the land. Adapting themselves to modern agricultural methods ... To them it was a point of honor to live as they taught. This meant subsisting only on what they earned by their own toil."[6]

Kfar Chabad, which is located just outside Lod and about 8 km southeast of Tel Aviv, includes agricultural lands as well as numerous educational institutions. It serves as the headquarters of the Chabad-Lubavitch Hasidic movement in Israel. Kfar Chabad is a Lubavitch community.[7]

Replica of "770"[edit]

The village features a full-scale replica of "770", the Chabad headquarters at 770 Eastern Parkway, Crown Heights, Brooklyn, New York. The building, which serves as a synagogue, includes the exact number of bricks as on the original structure; the brickwork was produced by Teracotta Ofakim Clay Industries in Ofakim. The Lubavitcher Rebbe covered the $700,000 building cost.[8]

Terror attack at the synagogue[edit]

On April 11, 1956, fedayeen terrorists entered the synagogue during evening prayers and started shooting indiscriminately. Five children and one teacher were murdered, another ten injured.[9][10]

Education[edit]

Kfar Chabad provides vocational training in printing, mechanics, carpentry, and agriculture for male students, and education for female students. The programs are combined with religious education.[11] Most students, who come from outside the village, are not Hasidic.[12]

Political leadership[edit]

Previous mayors include Shlomo Meidanchik and Menachem Lehrer. The current mayor is Binyomin Lifshitz ("Yami").[13]

Religious leadership[edit]

The village rabbi was Mordechai Shmuel Ashkenazi from 1983 until his death in 2015. The previous rabbi was Shneur Zalman Gorelik, from the town's founding until his death.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 3 – Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. June 30, 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Course on Holocaust to begin April 27 in Mtn. Lakes". Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  3. ^ Chabad.org Calendar
  4. ^ W. Khalidi, 1992, All that remains, p.253
  5. ^ "Course on Jewish leaders offered in Vail Valley". Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  6. ^ Jewish Observer and Middle East Review (July 3, 1959),
  7. ^ "Course in Madison will examine leadership of Talmudic heroes". Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  8. ^ Rubenstein, Rayle. "The Sincerest Form of Flattery: Replicas around the world". Binah Pesach supplement, 2015, p. 27.
  9. ^ Yediot Acharonot, Sunday, May 5, 1957 (English translation)
  10. ^ Bar-On, Mordechai (2012). Moshe Dayan: Israel's Controversial Hero. Yale University Press. 
  11. ^ "Course explores avenues to emerge from times of uncertainty". Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  12. ^ Despite All Odds: The Story of Lubavitch, Edward Hoffman (New York, 1991, Simon and Schuster), p. 154-5
  13. ^ "Six-week course in Madison to study leadership of Talmud heroes". Retrieved October 1, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Class gives portraits of leadership". Retrieved October 1, 2014.