Kfar Chabad

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Kfar Chabad
Hebrew transcription(s)
 • official Kfar Habad, Kefar Habad
Kfar Chabad house.jpg
Kfar Chabad is located in Israel
Kfar Chabad
Kfar Chabad
Coordinates: 31°59′19.32″N 34°51′7.19″E / 31.9887000°N 34.8519972°E / 31.9887000; 34.8519972Coordinates: 31°59′19.32″N 34°51′7.19″E / 31.9887000°N 34.8519972°E / 31.9887000; 34.8519972
Council Lod Valley
Affiliation Chabad
Founded 1949
Population (2009) 5,900

Kfar Chabad (Hebrew: כְּפַר חַבָּ"ד, lit. Chabad Village) is a Chabad-Lubavitch village in central Israel. Located between Beit Dagan and Lod, it falls under the jurisdiction of Lod Valley Regional Council. In 2009 it had a population of 4,900.[1]

History[edit]

Kfar Chabad was established in 1949 by Yosef Yitzchok Schneersohn.[2] The first inhabitants were mostly recent immigrants from the Soviet Union, survivors of World War II and Stalinist oppression. The site was originally a Palestinian Arab village called Al-Safiriyya, which was depopulated after the 1948 war.[3] As late as 1957, it was referred to in Hebrew as Tzafrir.

Regarding their Aliyah, the "Jewish Observer" reported: “There were several noteworthy aspect of this Aliyah. The Chabad members refused all offers of help from religious and political organizations; they insisted on going on the land. Adapting themselves to modern agricultural methods ... To them it was a point of honor to live as they taught. This meant subsisting only on what they earned by their own toil."[4]

Kfar Chabad, which is located just outside Lod and about 8 km south-east of Tel Aviv, includes agricultural lands as well as numerous educational institutions. It serves as the headquarters of the Chabad-Lubavitch Chassidic movement in Israel. Kfar Chabad is a Lubavitch community.

Terror Attack at the Synagogue[edit]

In 1956, fedayeen terrorists entered the synagogue during evening prayers and started shooting indiscriminately. Five children and one teacher were murdered, another ten injured.[5]

Education[edit]

"Kfar Chabad is particularly known for its vocational and technical schools. Established with separate classrooms and dormitories for boys and girls, these schools provide rigorous vocational training coupled with intensive religious study. Generally, boys specialize in printing, mechanics, carpentry, or agricultural work, and girls focus mainly on careers in education. Few of the youngsters who arrive at Kfar Chabad each fall from all over Israel are themselves Hasidim." Furthermore, "The Lubavitchers ... settlement in Israel has been a deliberate effort to reverse the modern trend toward Jewish assimilation."[6]

Political leadership[edit]

Previous mayors include Shlomo Meidanchik, Menachem Lehrer. The current mayor is Binyomin Lifshitz ("Yami").

Religious leadership[edit]

The current village rabbi is Mordechai Shmuel Ashkenazi. The previous rabbi was Shneur Zalman Gorelik, from the town's founding until his death.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Table 3 – Population of Localities Numbering Above 2,000 Residents and Other Rural Population". Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. June 30, 2010. Retrieved October 30, 2010. 
  2. ^ Chabad.org Calendar
  3. ^ W. Khalidi, 1992, All that remains, p.253
  4. ^ Jewish Observer and Middle East Review (July 3, 1959),
  5. ^ Yediot Acharonot an Israeli daily, Sunday, May 5, 1957 (English translation)
  6. ^ Despite All Odds: The Story of Lubavitch, Edward Hoffman (New York, 1991, Simon and Schuster), p. 154-5