|• Hebrew||כְּפַר כַּמָא|
|• ISO 259||Kfar Kamaˀ|
|• Arabic||كفر كما|
|• Type||Local council (from 1950)|
|• Total||8,854 dunams (8.854 km2 or 3.419 sq mi)|
Kfar Kama might be identified with a village Helenoupolis that Constantine established in honor of his mother Helen.
Excavations carried out in 1961 and 1963 revealed 4th century tombs. Two churches dated to the early 6th century, one dedicated to Saint Thecla, were uncovered, with multicolored mosaics of floral, animal and geometric patterns.
In 1596, Kfar Kama appeared in Ottoman tax registers as a village in the Nahiya of Tiberias in the Liwa of Safad. It had a population of 34 Muslim households and paid taxes on wheat, barley, summercrops, cotton, and goats or beehives.
In the 1870s, it was described as having "basaltic stone houses, containing about 200 Moslems, situated in plain of arable soil."
The current village was founded in 1878 by 1150 Circassian immigrants from the Adyghe tribe Shapsugs who were exiled from the Caucasus by the Russians to the Ottoman Empire due to the Russian-Circassian War. Initially they made their living by raising animals, but later became farmers. The first school was established about 1880.
The school in the village teaches in a mixed environment of classes in Circassian, Hebrew, Arabic and English languages.
Kfar Kama is one of two Circassian villages in Israel. The other one is Rehaniya. The Circassians are Muslims, who unlike the main Israeli Arab Muslim minority, perform military service in the IDF, similar to the Israeli Druze.
A Center for Circassian Heritage is situated in the village.
Notable natives and residents
- Bibras Natkho (born February 18, 1988), a Circassian Israeli footballer playing for FC Rubin Kazan from the Russian Premier League.
- Nili Natkho (February 18, 1982 – November 5, 2004), a Circassian Israeli basketball player who played for Maccabi Raanana and Elitzur Ramla.
The Kfar Kama families
Shapsug families that live in Israel Kfar Kama
- Abrag (Adyghe: Абрэгь)
- Ashmuz/Achmuzh (Adyghe: Ачумыжъ)
- Bghana (Adyghe: Бгъанэ known as Hakouz -Хэкужъ -in Jordan after their 15th great grandfather)
- Bat (Adyghe: Бат)
- Bzhehaqo/shubash (Adyghe: Бжьэхьакъуэ)
- Blanghaps (Adyghe: БлэнгъэпсI)
- Batwash (Adyghe: БэтIыуашъ)
- Zazi/Zazy (Adyghe: Зази)
- Kobla (Adyghe: Коблэ)
- Qal (Adyghe: Къалыкъу)
- Qatizh (Adyghe: Къэтыжъ)
- Lauz (Adyghe: ЛъыIужъ)
- Libai/Labai(Adyghe: ЛIыпый)
- Nago (Adyghe: Наго)
- Natkho (Adyghe: Натхъо)
- Nash (Adyghe: Наш)
- Napso (Adyghe: Нэпсэу)
- Thawcho (Adyghe: Тхьэухъо)
- Gorkhezh (Adyghe: Гъоркъыжъ)
- Hazal (Adyghe: Хъэзэл)
- Hadish (Adyghe: Хьэдищ)
- Hako/Hakho (Adyghe: Хьэхъу)
- Shamsi (Adyghe: Чуэмчуэ)
- Choshha/Shoshha (Adyghe: Чушъхьэ)
- Showgan (Adyghe: Шэугьэн)
- Shaga (Adyghe: Шъуагьэ)
- Sagas/Shagash (Adyghe: Шъэгьашъ)
In the past there was also Shhalakhwa (Adyghe: Шхьэлахъуэ).
Other families that live in Kfar Kama
- Abzah (Adyghe: Абзах)
- Boshnakh (Adyghe: Бущнакъ)
- Bazdug/Bzhedug (Adyghe: Бжъэдыгъу)
- Hatukai (Adyghe: Хьэтыкъуай)
- Tsai (Adyghe: Цэй)
- Shapsugh (Adyghe: Шапсыгъ).
- Kfar Kama Adyghe dialect
- Circassians in Israel
- Kfar Kama local council
- The World Circassian Heritage Center
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kfar Kama.|
- "POPULATION OF LOCALITIES NUMBERING ABOVE 2,000 INHABITANTS AND OTHER RURAL POPULATION" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. 2008-12-31.
- Yoram Tsafrir, Leah Di Segni and Judith Green (1994). Tabula Imperii Romani: Judaea, Palaestina. Jerusalem: Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities. p. 142.
- Claudine Dauphin (1998). La Palestine byzantine, Peuplement et Populations, Vol. III : Catalogue. BAR International Series 726. Oxford: Archeopress. p. 727.
- Denys Pringle (1997). Secular buildings in the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem : an archaeological gazetteer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 227.
- Wolf-Dieter Hütteroth and Kamal Abdulfattah (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. p. 190.
- C. R. Conder and H. H. Kitchener (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine I. London: The Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund. p. 360.
- Nirit Reichel (2010). "The role of the educational system in retaining Circassian identity during the transition from Ottoman control to life as Israeli citizens (1878-2000)". Israel Affairs 16: 251–267.
- J. B. Barron, ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine. Table XI.
- מדברים פה בהרבה שפות? נקרא לזה "בית ספר רב לשוני". יולי חרומצ'נקו, הארץ