|Name meaning||Moshe Leib Lilienblum village|
The village was established in 1911 as "Ein Hai" (lit. Fountain of the Living) on privately owned land. It was later renamed Kfar Malal after Moshe Leib Lilienblum (משה לייב לילינבלום), an early leader of the Hovevei Zion movement, whose acronym in Hebrew is MLL (מל"ל). The village was destroyed in the battles of World War I, resettled by a group of laborers and ravaged again in the 1921 Jaffa riots. In 1922, the land was transferred to the Jewish National Fund and Kfar Malal was rebuilt as a moshav. It suffered more attacks in the 1929 Arab riots. Ariel Sharon, Israel's eleventh prime minister, who was born in Kfar Malal, said that his mother slept with a rifle under her bed until her dying day due to the trauma of hiding in the cowshed with her children at night to escape roving Bedouin gangs.
The moshav receives its municipal services from the Drom HaSharon Regional Council.
In 2009, NI Medical, a biotech company located in Kfar Malal, received approval by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for a device that assesses left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD). The device aids physicians in detecting heart failure in its pre-clinical, asymptomatic phase.