Kfar Qouq

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Kfar Qouq
Village
Country  Lebanon
Governorate Beqaa Governorate
District Rashaya District
Kfar Qouq
Kfar Qouq is located in Lebanon
Kfar Qouq
Shown within Lebanon
Location 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) North of Rashaya
Region Bekaa Valley
Coordinates 33°32′02″N 35°53′33″E / 33.533889°N 35.8925°E / 33.533889; 35.8925
History
Cultures Greek, Roman
Site notes
Condition Ruins
Public access Yes

Kfar Qouq (and variations of spelling) is a village in Lebanon, situated in the Rashaya District and south of the Beqaa Governorate. It is located in an intermontane basin near Mount Hermon near the Syrian border, approximately halfway between Jezzine and Damascus.[1]

The population of the hillside village is predominantly Druze.[2] It contains two Roman temple sites in the Western section of the town dating to around 111 BC[3] and another less preserved temple near the church.[4] Fragments such as columns and an inscribed block have been re-used in the village and surrounding area.[5] The surrounding area also has many stone basins, tombs, caves, rock cut niches and other remnants from Greek and Roman times.[6] Dr. Edward Robinson, visited in the Summer of 1852 and noted a Greek inscription on a doorway, the public fountain and a large reservoir which he noted "exhibits traces of antiquity". The name of the village means "the pottery place" in Aramaic and has also been known as Kfar Quq Al-Debs in relation to molasses and grape production in the area. Kfar Qouq also been associated with King Qouq, a ruler in ancient times.[7] The local highway was targeted in the 2006 Lebanon War between Hezbollah and Israel.[8]

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