Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center

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Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center
Kfar Shaul cropped(1).jpg
Geography
Location Jerusalem, Israel
Coordinates 31°47′11.31″N 35°10′40.92″E / 31.7864750°N 35.1780333°E / 31.7864750; 35.1780333Coordinates: 31°47′11.31″N 35°10′40.92″E / 31.7864750°N 35.1780333°E / 31.7864750; 35.1780333
Organisation
Funding Public hospital
Hospital type Specialist
Services
Speciality Psychiatric
History
Founded 1951
Links
Lists Hospitals in Israel

Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center (Hebrew: בית החולים כפר שאול‎), established in 1951, is an Israeli public psychiatric hospital located between Givat Shaul and Har Nof, Jerusalem. It is affiliated with the Hadassah Medical Center and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.[1] The hospital is Jerusalem's designated psychiatric hospital for tourists who display mental health disturbances, and is widely known for its research on Jerusalem Syndrome.[2]

The hospital is located on the grounds of the former Arab village of Deir Yassin, and makes use of buildings that remained intact after the massacre of Deir Yassin that occurred during the 1948 Palestine War.[3]

History[edit]

Old buildings on the hospital grounds

The Givat Shaul mental health center opened in 1951, utilizing the houses and school building of Deir Yassin, which had been left untouched. It was originally a therapeutic community of 300 patients who spent most of the day working outdoors. It was called the Kfar Shaul Government Work Village for Mental Patients.[4] In its early years, the majority of the patients were Holocaust survivors.[5] The hospital now suffers from severe overcrowding and has an average occupancy rate of 110 percent.[6] Udi Aloni, an Israeli director who made a film about the hospital, Forgiveness (2006), described it as dilapidated.[7]

Snoezelen rooms[edit]

The hospital is equipped with Snoezelen rooms, a Dutch therapy technique which uses controlled stimulation of the five senses to benefit the mentally and physically disabled.[8]

Jerusalem Syndrome[edit]

The hospital is known in particular for its association with Jerusalem Syndrome, a condition in which the sufferer is gripped by religious delusions. The hospital sees some 50 patients a year who are diagnosed with the condition.[9] Israel psychologist Gregory Katz has said many of the patients are Pentecostals from rural parts of the United States and Scandinavia.[10] The syndrome was first diagnosed in 1993 by Yair Bar-El, a former director of the hospital.[9]

Archaeology[edit]

In 2000, archaeologists unearthed the remains of a winepress dated to the Byzantine or Roman era on the grounds of the hospital.[11]

Published research[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Katz, G. et al. Time zone change and major psychiatric morbidity: The results of a 6-year study in Jerusalem, Compr Psychiatry. 2002 Jan-Feb;43(1):37-40; doi:10.1053/comp.2002.29849
  2. ^ "The Jerusalem Syndrome", Jewish Virtual Library, accessed August 19, 2010.
  3. ^ Ettinger, Yair. "Deir Yassin massacre, 55 years on", Haaretz, April 10, 2003.
  4. ^ Progress in Psychotherapy, American Psychiatric Association, Grune & Stratton, 1949.
  5. ^ Freidman, Ron. "Challenged children get a bird's-eye view of Masada", The Jerusalem Post, June 17, 2006.
  6. ^ Evan, Dan. "Patients sleeping in dining rooms of overcrowded J'lem facilities", Haaretz, November 15, 2010.
  7. ^ Aloni, Udi. "The specters of Kfar Shaul", Haaretz, January 2, 2010; see "Forgiveness", accessed December 4, 2010.
  8. ^ Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy. "Snoezelen rooms waken the senses, The Jerusalem Post, September 7, 2006.
  9. ^ a b Beyer, Lisa. Crazy? Hey, you never know", Time magazine, April 17, 1995.
  10. ^ Mandelbaum, Judy. "The 'Jerusalem Syndrome': An Endangered Species?", Emunah, August 17, 2010.
  11. ^ Israel Antiquities Authority, Kfar Shaul winepress