Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center
|Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center|
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Kfar Shaul Mental Health Center (Hebrew: בית החולים כפר שאול), established in 1951, is an Israeli public psychiatric hospital located between Givat Shaul and Har Nof, Jerusalem. It is affiliated with the Hadassah Medical Center and the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The hospital is Jerusalem's designated psychiatric hospital for tourists who display mental health disturbances, and is widely known for its research on Jerusalem Syndrome.
The hospital is located on the grounds of the former Arab village of Deir Yassin, and makes use of buildings that remained intact after the massacre of Deir Yassin that occurred during the 1948 Palestine War.
The Givat Shaul mental health center opened in 1951, utilizing the houses and school building of Deir Yassin, which had been left untouched. It was originally a therapeutic community of 300 patients who spent most of the day working outdoors. It was called the Kfar Shaul Government Work Village for Mental Patients. In its early years, the majority of the patients were Holocaust survivors. The hospital now suffers from severe overcrowding and has an average occupancy rate of 110 percent. Udi Aloni, an Israeli director who made a film about the hospital, Forgiveness (2006), described it as dilapidated.
The hospital is known in particular for its association with Jerusalem Syndrome, a condition in which the sufferer is gripped by religious delusions. The hospital sees some 50 patients a year who are diagnosed with the condition. Israel psychologist Gregory Katz has said many of the patients are Pentecostals from rural parts of the United States and Scandinavia. The syndrome was first diagnosed in 1993 by Yair Bar-El, a former director of the hospital.
In 2000, archaeologists unearthed the remains of a winepress dated to the Byzantine or Roman era on the grounds of the hospital.
- Bar-El, I. et al. "Psychiatric hospitalization of tourists in Jerusalem", Compr Psychiatry. 1991 May-Jun;32(3):238-44.
- Durst, R. et al. "Amnesiac state in a Holocaust survivor patient: Psychogenic versus neurological basis", Isr J Psychiatry Relat Sci. 1999;36(1):47-54.
- Durst, R. et al. "Kleptomania: diagnosis and treatment options", CNS Drugs. 2001;15(3):185-95.
- Katz, G. et al. "Time zone change and major psychiatric morbidity: The results of a 6-year study in Jerusalem", Compr Psychiatry. 2002 Jan-Feb;43(1):37-40.
- Raskin, Sergey. "The concept of judgment in the medico-legal context: A view from Israel", Journal of Psychiatric Intensive Care (2009), 5: 41-46.
- Zislin, Josef et al. "Male Genital Self-Mutilation in the Context of Religious Belief: The Jerusalem Syndrome", Transcultural Psychiatry, June 2002.
- Katz, G. et al. Time zone change and major psychiatric morbidity: The results of a 6-year study in Jerusalem, Compr Psychiatry. 2002 Jan-Feb;43(1):37-40; doi:10.1053/comp.2002.29849
- "The Jerusalem Syndrome", Jewish Virtual Library, accessed August 19, 2010.
- Ettinger, Yair. "Deir Yassin massacre, 55 years on", Haaretz, April 10, 2003.
- Gelber, Yoav. "Propaganda as History: What Happened at Deir Yassin?"
- Progress in Psychotherapy, American Psychiatric Association, Grune & Stratton, 1949.
- Freidman, Ron. "Challenged children get a bird's-eye view of Masada", The Jerusalem Post, June 17, 2006.
- Evan, Dan. "Patients sleeping in dining rooms of overcrowded J'lem facilities", Haaretz, November 15, 2010.
- Aloni, Udi. "The specters of Kfar Shaul", Haaretz, January 2, 2010; see "Forgiveness", accessed December 4, 2010.
- Siegel-Itzkovich, Judy. "Snoezelen rooms waken the senses, The Jerusalem Post, September 7, 2006.
- Beyer, Lisa. Crazy? Hey, you never know", Time magazine, April 17, 1995.
- Mandelbaum, Judy. "The 'Jerusalem Syndrome': An Endangered Species?", Emunah, August 17, 2010.
- Israel Antiquities Authority, Kfar Shaul winepress