|Founded||13 November 1942|
|Founded by||Immigrants from central Europe|
Kfar Szold was founded in the early 1940s by Jewish immigrants from Hungary, Austria and Germany and was named after Henrietta Szold, who founded Hadassah, the Women's Zionist organization. During World War II, she helped rescue children in the Holocaust and transported them to Mandate Palestine, including places such as Kfar Szold.
On 9 January 1948, about 200 Arabs crossed the Syrian border and attacked the kibbutz in reprisal for the Haganah attack on the nearby Arab village of al-Khisas a few weeks before (Al-Khisas raid). The British Army joined forces with the Jewish defenders, using artillery fire and killing 25 of the attackers.
The main agricultural products of the kibbutz are apples, citrus fruits, avocados, corn, watermelons and cattle. Alongside agriculture, the kibbutz operates the metal factory Lordan, specialized in heat- and fluid-conducting instruments.
Like many kibbutzim, Kfar Szold has a guesthouse for travelers. The kibbutz also has a sculpture garden.
Since the kibbutz went a process of privatization, several local businesses and services are provided by members.
- H. Levenberg, Military Preparations of the Arab Community in Palestine, 1945-1948. (Frank Cass, 1992), p184.
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