Kh-29

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Kh-29
(NATO reporting name: AS-14 'Kedge')
Kh-29L (1).jpg
Kh-29L
Type air-to-surface missile
Place of origin Soviet Union
Service history
In service 1980s-current
Used by Warsaw Pact, China, India, Iraq
Wars Iran-Iraq War
Production history
Designer Matius Bisnovat
Georgiy I. Khokhlov
Designed 1975
Manufacturer Vympel / Tactical Missiles Corporation[1]
Produced 1980- 2003 [2]
Specifications
Weight Kh-29L :660 kg (1,460 lb) [3]
Kh-29T :685 kg (1,510 lb) [3]
Kh-29TE :690 kg (1,520 lb) [3]
Length Kh-29L/T :390 cm (12 ft 10 in)[3]
Kh-29TE :387.5 cm (12 ft 9 in)[3]
Diameter 38.0 cm (15.0 in) [3]
Warhead HE armour-piercing[1]
Warhead weight 320 kg (705 lb)[1]
Detonation
mechanism
Impact [1]

Engine Fixed thrust solid fuel rocket[1]
Wingspan 110 cm (43 in) [3]
Operational
range
Kh-29L :10 km (5.4 nmi)[3]
Kh-29T :12 km (6.5 nmi) [3]
Kh-29TE :30 km (16 nmi) [3]
Speed

1,470 km/h (910 mph)[2]

Kh-29ML :900–1260 km/h (560–780 mph)[4]
Guidance
system
Kh-29L : semi-active laser guided
Kh-29T/TE : passive TV guided
Kh-29D : infrared guidance (IIR)[5][6]
Kh-29MP : active radar homing [7]
Launch
platform

Kh-29L&T : MiG-27K,[3] MiG-29M,[3]
Su-27UB,[3] Su-30MK,[3] Su-39[3]
Kh-29L only : Su-25[3]
Kh-29T only : Su-35[3]

Also : Mirage F1E,[8] Su-17/22,[8] Su-24,[8] Su-33, Su-34, Su-37

The Kh-29 (Russian: Х-29; NATO: AS-14 'Kedge'; GRAU: 9M721) is a Soviet air-to-surface missile with a range of 10–30 km. It has a large warhead of 320 kg, has a choice of laser, infrared, active radar or TV guidance, and is typically carried by tactical aircraft such as the Su-24, Su-30, MiG-29K as well as the "T/TM" models of the Su-25, giving that craft an expanded standoff capability.

It is comparable to the United States' AGM-65 Maverick missile but with a much heavier warhead.[9] The Kh-29 is intended for primary use against larger battlefield targets and infrastructure such as industrial buildings, depots and bridges,[9] but can also be used against ships up to 10,000 tonnes, hardened aircraft shelters and concrete runways.[1]

Development[edit]

Design started in the late 1970s at the Molniya design bureau in Ukraine on what would be their only air-to-ground munition, but when they moved exclusively to space work Vympel took over development of the Kh-29.[9] The first firing of the missile took place in 1976 and after extensive trials the Kh-29 was accepted into service in 1980.[2]

Design[edit]

The basic aerodynamic layout of the Kh-29 is similar to the Molniya R-60 (AA-8 'Aphid'), reflecting Molniya's heritage in air-to-air missiles.[9] The laser guidance head came from the Kh-25 (AS-10 'Karen') and the TV guidance from the Kh-59 (AS-13 'Kingbolt'), mated to a large warhead.[8]

Operational history[edit]

The Kh-29 entered service with the Soviet Air Force in 1980, and has been widely exported since.

Variants[edit]

  • Kh-29L (Izdeliye 63, 'Kedge-A')[9] uses semi-active laser guidance and has a range of 8–10 km.[3]
  • Kh-29ML is an upgraded version of the Kh-29L.[9]
  • Kh-29T (Izdeliye 64, 'Kedge-B')[9] is the TV-guided version which is fitted with automatic optical homing to a distinguishable object indicated by the pilot in the cockpit.
  • Kh-29TE is a long-range (30 km) development of the Kh-29T.[3] Minimum range is 3 km; launch altitude is 200-10,000 m.[3]
  • Kh-29MP is a third generation guidance variant with active radar homing, makes it a fire-and-forget weapon. It has a large 250 kg warhead with 12 km range.[5][7]
  • Kh-29D is a fourth guidance variant (fire-and-forget) of the Kh-29TE, using imaging infrared.[5][6]

Operators[edit]

Current Operators[edit]

Former Operators[edit]

See also[edit]

  • Kh-25 (AS-10/12 'Karen/Kegler') - 320 kg missile with 90 kg warhead and 10–25 km range
  • AGM-65 Maverick - 200–300 kg missile with 57–135 kg warhead and 27 km range
  • AGM-62 Walleye I - 1967 US glide bomb delivering 385 kg warhead over 30 km.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f X-29TE / X-29L, Tactical Missiles Corporation, retrieved 2009-02-06 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Fiszer, Michal A. "25 years of service of Russian Kh-29 missile". Situational Awareness. Retrieved 2008-09-07.  Written by Polish former Su-22 pilot
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Rosoboronexport Air Force Department and Media & PR Service, AEROSPACE SYSTEMS export catalogue, Rosoboronexport State Corporation, p. 122 
  4. ^ "KH-29". The Probert Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  5. ^ a b c [1]
  6. ^ a b [2]
  7. ^ a b [3]
  8. ^ a b c d "Vympel Kh-29 (AS-14 'Kedge')", Jane's Electro-Optic Systems, 2008-09-04, retrieved 2009-02-06 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g "Kh-29 (AS-14 'Kedge')", Jane's Air-Launched Weapons, 2008-08-06 [dead link]
  10. ^ http://www.waronline.org/mideast/algir.htm
  11. ^ http://geo-army.ge/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=39&Itemid=9&lang=en
  12. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/russia/mig-29k.htm
  13. ^ 2011 Annual Report of Tactical Missile Corporation, http://bmpd.livejournal.com/290141.html
  14. ^ Gertz, Bill (2002-07-01), "China test-fires new air-to-air missile; Taiwan likely to get upgraded arms", The Washington Times: page A1 
  15. ^ Fisher, Richard D., Jr. (January 2004), The Impact Of Foreign Weapons And Technology On The Modernization Of China's People's Liberation Army, US-China Economic and Security Review Commission, pp. 4–2C 

References[edit]

  • Gordon, Yefim (2004), Soviet/Russian Aircraft Weapons Since World War Two, Hinckley, England: Midland Publishing, ISBN 1-85780-188-1