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Chaabou (perhaps related to Ka'bah) is one of the goddesses in the Nabataean pantheon, as noted by Epiphanius of Salamis (c.315–403).[1][2] The description points to either Allat or Uzza, but is most likely the former, since Allat is also associated with Aphrodite, a fertility goddess. According to Epiphanius, Chaabou was a virgin who gave birth to Dusares (aka Dhu Sharaa, and DVSARI), the 'Lord of Mount Seir', the god of the Nabataeans who was equated with Zeus. Epiphanius records a festival celebrating the birth of Dusares on the 25th of December whereby the Black Stone of Dusares (considered newly born) is carried around the courtyard of the temple seven times.

Remnants of this practice are observed not only in the present-day Muslim Hajj[citation needed], but also in most Arab countries where, upon birth of a child, the family carries the baby around the house seven times.[citation needed] This ritual is called Subu' (meaning 'the sevens'). It is also interesting that once the pilgrims return from the Hajj, they are considered as those who have been purified from sin, as if they were newly born.

John of Damascus, in his accounts regarding the Hagarenes or Saracens, noted that they revered a certain black stone and showered it with kisses, and that it was the head of Aphrodite, the goddess that they once worshipped and whom they called Chobar in their language.


  1. ^ Wheeler, Brannon M. (1 July 2006). Mecca and Eden: Ritual, Relics, and Territory in Islam. University of Chicago Press. pp. 29–. ISBN 978-0-226-88804-0. 
  2. ^ Larsen, David Charles (2007). Means of Intelligibility. ProQuest. pp. 216–. ISBN 978-0-549-53137-1.