Khachapuri

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Khachapuri
Ресторан Ньютон в Донецке 106.jpg
Adjarian and Imeretian Khachapuri
Type Pie
Place of origin Georgia
Main ingredients Cheese, eggs, bread
Cookbook:Khachapuri  Khachapuri

Khachapuri (Georgian: ხაჭაპური About this sound listen ) is a traditional Georgian dish of cheese-filled bread. The bread is leavened and allowed to rise, and is shaped in various ways. The filling contains cheese (fresh or aged, most commonly suluguni), eggs and other ingredients.[1]

There are several distinctive types of khachapuri in Georgian food from different regions of Georgia:

  • Imeretian (Imeruli) khachapuri, which is circular and probably the most common type.
  • Adjarian (Acharuli/Adjaruli) khachapuri, in which the dough is formed into an open boat shape and the hot pie is topped with a raw egg and a pat of butter before serving
  • Mingrelian (Megruli) khachapuri, similar to Imeritian but with more cheese added on top
  • Abkhazian (Achma) khachapuri, which has multiple layers and looks more like a sauceless lasagna. Achma is the common name for this type. The name 'Abkhazian Khachapuri' is never used.
  • Gurian (Guruli) khachapuri, in addition which has boiled eggs inside dough and looks like Calzone. Arguably, it is not a type of Khachapuri. Gurians make them for Christmas and call them simply 'Christmas pie'. In the rest of Georgia, it is called 'Gurian pie'.
  • Ossetian (Ossuri) khachapuri, which has potato as well as cheese in its filling. It is commonly called Khabizgini.
  • Svanuri khachapuri
  • Rachuli khachapuri
  • Phenovani khachapuri

As a Georgian staple food, the price of making a Khachapuri is used as a measure of inflation in different Georgian cities by the Khachapuri index, developed by the International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University.[2][3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Goldstein, Darra. The Georgian feast: the vibrant culture and savory food of the Republic of Georgia. 1999: University of California Press. pp. 136–139. ISBN 0-520-21929-5. 
  2. ^ Svensson, Therese (April–May 2010). "Tracking monetary policy one big mac - and one khachapuri - at a time". Investor.ge (American Chamber of Commerce). Retrieved 29 April 2010. 
  3. ^ "Khachapuri Index Project". International School of Economics at Tbilisi State University. Retrieved 29 April 2010. 

External links[edit]