Khadki

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"Kirki" redirects here. For the Andean instrument, see Charango.
Khadki
खडकी
Cantonment Town
Khadki is located in Maharashtra
Khadki
Khadki
Location in Maharashtra, India
Coordinates: 18°33′46″N 73°50′27″E / 18.562825°N 73.840812°E / 18.562825; 73.840812Coordinates: 18°33′46″N 73°50′27″E / 18.562825°N 73.840812°E / 18.562825; 73.840812
Country  India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
Elevation 570 m (1,870 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 76,608
Languages
 • Official Marathi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration MH-

Khadki is a city neighbourhood and a cantonment near Pune in Maharashtra state of India. It is an army base having two ordnance factories and several breweries.

Referred previously as Kirkee during British Raj, its borders are flanked by two other large army establishments - the College of Military Engineering and the Bombay Engineering Group. It also has a war cemetery (Kirkee War Cemetery) and a war memorial. It has a large market—Khadki Bazaar—and a railway station. Khadki was also known[by whom?] as a bastion of hockey. The local Field Hockey and Association Football matches are held on the CAFVD Sports Stadium in front of the Khadki Railway Station

History[edit]

Khadki was the site of the Battle of Khadki, fought between the British East India Company and the Marathas in 1817 in which Baji Rao, the Peshwa ruler was defeated. Soon after the war, the British set up a cantonment here. It then became the base of the Royal Regiment of Artillery's 79 (Khadki) Commando Battery. World War I Field Marshal William Birdwood, 1st Baron Birdwood was born in Khadki.

The well known Indian hockey player and former India captain, Dhanraj Pillai grew up here. Besides, many hockey players[who?] who represented India were from Khadki. The well known Hindi film actor K K Menon is also known to have attended school here.

Khadki Railway Station[edit]

Further information: Khadki Station

Khadki Railway Station is on the Mumbai - Pune Railway route owned by the Central Railway zone of Indian Railways. Sinhagad Express, Sahyadri Express, Deccan Express, Koyna Express and Mumbai - Chennai Express have their halt at this station. It has four platforms, six lines and one footbridge and is electrified station. This is an important stop for Pune Suburban Railway. This station is to the east of Khadki Auto Rickshaw Stand and is near to Khadki Bazaar. This Station was built for access to Khadki Cantonment (Kirkee Cantonment). The Pichola offers accommodation which is just 4 km away from the station. Today also this station is mostly used for Indian Army. The nearest major airport is Pune International Airport at Lohegaon (Viman Nagar).

Kirkee cantonment[edit]

Kirkee War Cemetery
Kirkee War Cemetery

The Khadki (Kirkee) Cantonment is housed here. It is known to be as one of the richest cantonments in the country.

This area is also known for the Kirkee War Cemetery.[1] and two special memorials erected by the Commonwealth War Graves Commission. The war cemetery holds the graves of 1,668 Commonwealth service personnel from World War II besides 629 from World War I who were reburied here from Bombay Sewri Christian Cemetery in 1962. The graves from Sewri are unmarked and their names listed on the Kirkee (1914–18) Memorial.

The Kirkee (1914-1918) Memorial is dedicated 735 Commonwealth service personnel who died in India in World War I and whose graves in various locations where their graves could not be maintained, to the 629 whose remains were reburied within this cemetery in 1962 from Sewri Christian Cemetery, and to about 193 soldiers of East and West African origin who died during the period of 1939-1945 in various non-operational zones around the country.[2] There is also the Kirkee (1939-1945) Memorial to 197 Commonwealth service personnel (excepting East and West African) who died in World War II and whose graves in other parts of India and in Pakistan are unmaintainable.[3]

Khadki also has two major Ordnance Factories - Ammunition Factory Khadki and High Explosives Factory.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Khadki had a population of 76,608. Males constitute 56% of the population and females 44%. Khadki has an average literacy rate of 80%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 74%. In Khadki, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Education[edit]

The town has Symbiosis Institute of Management Studies (SIMS), at nearby Range Hills, Khadki has the following convent schools

  • St. Joseph's - one for Boys and another for Girls
  • All Saints.
  • Range Hills Secondary School, Range Hills
  • S.V.S. High School, Khadki
  • St. Thomas Public School, Khadki Station
  • Allegoankar High School
  • Tikaram Jagannath College
  • Colonel Bhagat High School

Sports[edit]

Khadki is also known as a bastion of hockey. The local Field Hockey and Association Football matches are held on the CAFVD Sports Stadium in front of the Khadki Railway Station on Old Mumbai-Pune Road.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirkee War Cemetery CWGC Cemetery Report, Kirkee War Cemetery.
  2. ^ [1] CWGC Cemetery Report, Kirkee (1914-1918) Memorial.
  3. ^ [2] CWGC Cemetery Report, Kirkee (1939-1945) Memorial.
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  1. Khadki Railway Station

External links[edit]