Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
|Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
خليفة بن سلمان آل خليفة
|Prime Minister of Bahrain|
10 January 1970
|Monarch||Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa
Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa
Muhammad ibn Mubarak ibn Hamad Al Khalifah
Khalid bin Abdullah Al Khalifa
Salman bin Hamad Al Khalifa
|Preceded by||Position established|
24 November 1935 |
|Spouse(s)||Hessa bint Ali Al Khalifa|
Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa (Arabic: خليفة بن سلمان آل خليفة) (born 24 November 1935) has been the Prime Minister of Bahrain from 1970, taking office nearly two years before Bahrain's independence on 16 December 1971. He is the longest-serving current prime minister in the world, having surpassed his Singaporean counterpart Lee Kuan Yew. He still retains his post, although under the 2002 Constitution he has lost some of his powers, with the King having the authority to appoint and (along with the Bahraini parliament) dismiss ministers. He is the paternal uncle of the reigning King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa.
Early life and education
He was born in Jasra, Bahrain, the second son of Salman ibn Hamad Al Khalifa, Hakim of Bahrain, and wife Mouza bint Hamad Al Khalifa. He was educated at Manama High School and Rifa’a Palace School in Bahrain.
Khalifa was a member of the education council from 1956 to 1957 and chair between 1957 and 1960. Next he became the director of the finance department (1960–1966), president of the electricity board (1961), chair Manama municipality (1962–1967), head of the Bahrain monetary council (1965), chair of the joint committee for economic and financial studies, committee for the register of commerce, administry council (1967–1970), Bahrain monetary agency, president of the state council (1970–1973), head of the state council (1970) and head of the supreme defence council (1978).
Khalifa was appointed as prime minister by his brother Emir Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, in 1971. Therefore, he was assigned the control of government and economy, while his brother, Emir, involved in diplomatic and ceremonial affairs.
Marriage and children
Khalifa married his cousin Sheikha Hessa bint Ali Al Khalifa, the fourth daughter of Ali bin Hamad Al Khalifa in Muharraq. They had three sons and one daughter:
- Sheikh Mohammad bin Khalifa Al Khalifa (died 14 June 1974).
- Sheikh Ali bin Khalifa Al Khalifa – Deputy Prime Minister. He married Sheikha Zayn bint Khalid Al Khalifa with whom he has three sons and one daughter:
- Sheikh Khalifa bin Ali Al Khalifa.
- Sheikh Isa bin Ali Al Khalifa.
- Sheikha Minwa bint Ali Al Khalifa.
- Sheikh Khalid bin Ali Al Khalifa.
- Sheikh Salman bin Khalifa Al Khalifa.
- Sheikha Lulwa bint Khalifa Al Khalifa – honorary president of the Al Noor beneficence society. She married Sheikh Rashid bin Khalifa Al Khalifa, artist and patron of the arts (born 1952). They have three sons and three daughters.
Titles, styles and honours
|Monarchical styles of
Khalifa bin Salman
|Reference style||His Royal Highness|
|Spoken style||Your Royal Highness|
Titles and styles
- 24 November 1935 – 20 February 1942: Sheikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
- 20 February 1942 – 21 October 2009: His Excellency Sheikh Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
- 21 October 2009 – present: His Royal Highness Prince Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa
- Order of Khalifa, 1st Class, 19 October 1976
- Collar of the Order of Khalifa, 19 December 1979
- Order of Shaikh 'Isa bin Salman al-Khalifa, Exceptional Class, 21 October 2009
- King Hamad Order of the Renaissance, 1st Class, 13 December 2009
- : Order of the Two Rivers, 2nd Class, 3 April 1952
- : Commander of the Order of the Dannebrog, 1st Class, 1957
- : Grand Officer of the National Order of the Cedar, 1958
- : Grand Cross of the Royal Order of Isabella the Catholic, 4 December 1981
- : Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Renaissance, 30 January 1999
- : Grand Commander of the Most Esteemed Order of the Defender of the Realm [SMN], 30 January 2001
- : Grand Collar of the Order of Sikatuna, 11 November 2001
- : Grand Cordon of the Most Exalted Order of the White Elephant, 12 April 2003
- : Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour, 21 February 2004
- : Grand Cross of the Sharifian Order of Alawi, 23 March 2004
- : Grand Collar of the Order of Lakandula, 4 January 2007
- Wright, Steven (2008). "Fixing the Kingdom: Political Evolution and Socio-Economic Challenges in Bahrain" (PDF). CIRS. Retrieved 10 April 2013.
- Law, Bill (16 March 2011). "Splits inside Bahrain's ruling al-Khalifah family". BBC. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- Royal Ark
- Boletín Oficial del Estado
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Khalifa ibn Salman Al Khalifa.|
- Khalifa's biography – official website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Bahrain
- Bahrainprimeminister.net – website about Khalifa and his family
- Works by or about Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
|New office||Prime Minister of Bahrain