Khalil (Pashtun tribe)
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The Khalil (Pashto: خليل) is a Pashtun tribe living in Pakistan with some members in Afghanistan and India. In the Peshawar valley, west and south-west of Daudzai lie the settlements of the Khalils. These are bounded on the south by the Bara stream. The Khalils like Mohmands and Daudzais claim to be descendants of Sultan Ibrahim Ghauri, son of Kand. There are four main sub-divisions in the Khalil,
The Khalils originally lived in central Afghanistan, in the Qalat-i-Ghilzai and Ghazni area and the basin of the Tarnak River north of Ghazni. After the Mongols invaded the region in the 13th century, the Khalils, along with the Mohmands who were also formerly settled in central Afghanistan, were driven out. The Khalils first migrated northeastwards to Kabul and then further eastwards along the Kabul River to their present settlement in the Peshawar valley.
A section of Khalil tribe to the north-west, known as the Garhis, was originally the joint property of the Khalil and Daudzai tribes. It was subsequently given as seri to Mians from whom the Khalil Arbabs purchased it and the latter are now the owners. Different Governments (Mughals and the British, etc.) in the past bestowed the title of Arbabi on some powerful individuals of some tribes for siding with them in different wars and conflicts with the other non complying tribes and people, mainly pukhtoons, in different times. they would also be given certain responsibilities/services which they would render on behalf of the governments of the time.
Since 2000, most Khalils are residing in Tehkal. The head of the KHALIL tribe was Arbab Muhammad Jhangir Khan Khalil, who had truly represented the tribe. Sardar Garhi, Tehkal, Palosi, Regi, Patwar, Mulazai, Naguman Niami, Lakarai, Sufaid Dheri, Pawakka, Nawan Kali,and Peshta Khara are also the major residing areas of Khalils. The geographical location of Khalil is 20 kilo metre by 15 kilo metre[clarification needed] Pushta Khara payan pushta khara bala,abdara,landi akhone ahmad,sango,sarband,achini,nawakali bala, Nawan Kali and ends at Saddar again, meaning that Tehkal is the hub of Khalil. T there are two big subsections one is Malik and second one is Arbab.
Islamia College University
Notable individuals of the Malik tribe, such as Arbab Ghulam Haider Khan and Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Khan helped found Islamia College University in Peshawar. reputedly, Sahibzada Abdul Qayum Khan traveled to Peshawar for studies and as there were no hostels available at that time, he decided to live in a mosque. In 1911, after completing his education and holding various government posts, he came back to Tehkal and asked the Maliks and Arbabs to sell the land which is now the site of Peshawar University to build the college there.
Arbabs residing in Landi Arbab are known as "Momands" by the tribe. Arbabs residing in Tehkal are known as "Khalils" tribe and all belong to the Mitha Khel (Ishakzai) sub-section. The Mitha-Khel hold their ancestral property, including the Garhis, revenue free on payment of only one quarter of the assessments. The sub divisions of the Khalil tribe living in village Sufaid Sung are:
- Isa Khel
- Wand Khel
- Bhai Khel
HEAD/CHIEF OF KHALIL TRIBE'
Arbab Jehangir Khan Khalil(late) (August 1, 1936 – October 16, 2007) regarded as chief of the Khalil tribe, was a Pakistani politician hailed from Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. He served as the 14th Chief Minister from April 7, 1985 to May 29, 1988 and then as the Leader of opposition in the Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa assembly from 1989 to 1990. He also served as Federal Minister for Petroleum Resources, Housing and Works, Narcotics control and Senior Minister of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa.
He was born at the home of Nawab Arbab Sher Ali Khan. A lawyer by profession, he earned the distinction of being electorally undefeated in every election he contested in his 32 year political career before retiring from politics prior to the 2002 general elections .In the 2008 general elections his son Arbab Alamgir Khan contested from a PPP ticket and was elected as an MNA from NA2, who served as the Federal Minister for Communication.
- Tate, George Passman. The Kingdom of Afghanistan: A Historical Sketch, 1911. Page 14.