As of 2001[update] India census, Khamgaon had a population of 88,670. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Khamgaon has an average literacy rate of 76%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 81%, and female literacy is 71%. In Khamgaon, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age. Marathi is the main language spoken here with hint of varhadi dialect.