Khamis Mushait

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Khamis Mushayt
خـميــس مشيـــط
Khamis Mushayt.jpg
Khamis Mushayt is located in Saudi Arabia
Khamis Mushayt
Khamis Mushayt
Coordinates: 18°18′N 42°44′E / 18.300°N 42.733°E / 18.300; 42.733Coordinates: 18°18′N 42°44′E / 18.300°N 42.733°E / 18.300; 42.733
Country  Saudi Arabia
Province Asir
Government
 • Mayor Saeed Bin Mushait
Population (2004)
 • Total 372,695
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST) EAT (UTC+3)
Area code(s) +966-7
Website Khamis Mushayt Municipality

Khamis Mushait or Khamis Mushayt (Arabic: خميس مشيط‎, Ḫamīs Mušayṭ) is a city in south-west Saudi Arabia, located east of Abha, the provincial seat of the Asir province, 650 nautical miles from Dhahran and 442 nautical miles from the national capital of Riyadh.[1] It is the capital of the Shahran Tribe.

History[edit]

Until the 1970s Khamis Mushait was a small town of less than 50,000 servicing the surrounding mild-climate agricultural region. Since then its population has grown dramatically to reach over 372,695 as of the 2004 census.[2] The city is surrounded by farms producing agricultural crops.[3]

King Khalid Air Base (KMX) has a 12,400 ft (3,780 m) paved runway without customs facilities. The base was designed and built by US Army and Air Force engineers in the 1960s and 70s and has F-15 service facilities.[4] During the Gulf War in 1991, the US Airforce had a base here from which they launched bombers on Baghdad.[3]

Notable landmarks[edit]

Khamis Mushayt has several souks, including Khamis Souk and Silver Souq, both of which are noted for their silver jewellery, and Spice Souk.[3] Notable hotels include Mushayt Palace Hotel and Trident Hotel.[3] Also of note is Al-Hayat Hospital and Khamis Mushayt Mosque.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H. (1987). Western Strategic Interests in Saudi Arabia. Croom Helm. p. 170. ISBN 978-0-7099-4823-0. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  2. ^ "Saudi Arabia: largest cities and towns and statistics of their population". World Gazetteer. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d Ham, Anthony; Shams, Martha Brekhus; Madden, Andrew (15 September 2004). Saudi Arabia. Lonely Planet. p. 134. ISBN 978-1-74059-667-1. Retrieved 27 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Cordesman, Anthony H.; Al-Rodhan, Khalid R. (2007). Gulf Military Forces in an Era of Asymmetric Wars. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 216. ISBN 978-0-275-99399-3. Retrieved 27 August 2012.