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This article is about the corporation in India. For its namesake district, see Khammam district.
Entrance to the Khammam Fort
Nickname(s): City of Stambas
Khammam is located in Telangana
Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°10′E / 17.25°N 80.16°E / 17.25; 80.16Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°10′E / 17.25°N 80.16°E / 17.25; 80.16
Country India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
District Khammam
Named for Kamba
 • Body Khammam Municipal Corporation
 • Total 59 km2 (23 sq mi)
Area rank 5
Elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 184,252
 • Rank 6
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 507 xxx
Vehicle registration TS–04[2]
Website Khammam Municipal Corporation

Khammam is the headquarters of the Khammam District in the Telangana state of India and is located about 193 kilometres (120 mi) east of state capital, Hyderabad. On October 19, 2012, AP government announced[3] Khammam city as Municipal Corporation, including 14 surrounding villages, which developed in business with the town. Khammam is an important District Head Quarters City in Telangana state. It is situated on the Kazipet – Vijayawada broad gauge railway line of the South Central Railway at distance of about 100 km from Vijayawada and 259 km from Hyderabad. It is also located on the Hyderabad – Rajamundry State High Way. The river Munneru flows on the western side of the town. It is accessible by road and rail and is well connected to the head quarters of the neighbor district and Taluks by fairly good roads asseured by regular bus services. It is very near to the both Telangana and Andhra Preadesh capital cities.


The present name of Khammam is said to have been derived from the name of the temple "Narsimhadri," later "Stamba Sikhari," and then it was called "Stambadhri," which has the ancient temple of Narasimha Swamy on its top. This temple is believed to have been existing since Treta Yuga. The vertical rock under the temple is known as 'KAMBA' which literally means pillar. The name of the town Khammam has been derived from "Kambam Mettu" to "Kammammet" or "Khammam Mettu" to the present "Khammam city." The district is also named as Khammam.

Narasimhaswami temple

On the other hand, the historical records show that the name was "Kammamet."[4][5][6][7][8][9]

The City is located on the banks of a river called Munneru which is a tributary of the Krishna River. Khammam district has a lot of historical importance in Telangana.

Khammam City, which was the seat of Taluk Administration, was part of the larger Warangal District, until 1 October 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam with Khammam as District Headquarters. In 1959 Bhadrachalam Revenue Division consisting Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godawari district, which were on the other side of the river Godavari were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability.

In 1973 a new taluk with Sathupalli as headquarters was formed carving out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 four new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta and Khammam district was initially a part of larger Warangal District.

History of Khammam shows that it has produced a number of leaders who were part of the Freedom struggle, such as first generation Communist leaders Peravelli Venkata Ramanaiah, Pendyala Satyanarayana Rao, Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, K.L.Narsimha Rao, and Chirravuri Laxminarasaiah First Municipal Chairman of Khammam; Congress leaders Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Chepuri Nenkanna, Madapati Ramchander Rao, Sardar Jamalpuram Keshava Rao,Bommakanti Satyanarayana Rao, Hayagreeva Chary, and Nizam Rashtra Vimochanam Jalagam Vengala Rao, former Chief Minister of AP, Prof. K. Venkata Ramiah, Founder and Vice-Chancellor of KU.

Importance of City[edit]

It has been the headquarters of the district since 1953. It is also a divisional and Taluk headquarters. It has a population of 1,59,775 per the 2001 Census, out of which 43,427 are in slums, with an area of 18.53 sq. km. It is also classified as a Special Grade Municipality. It has developed in to an important centre of education with three Arts and Science Colleges and other educational institutions. The Government headquarters hospital and the Mission Hospital provide higher order medical facilities to the entire region of the town. It is a trading centre for the agricultural produce of its hinder land. It is also an important commercial centre.

Freedom movement[edit]

Some of the notable events in Khammam town during freedom struggle .

  • 1931 – First Independence movement in Khammam proper
  • 1935 – First Library established in Khammam town
  • 1945 - 12th State Andhra Mahasabha meeting at Khammam organised by Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as general secretary, Aahvana sangham. Elected Baddam Ellareddy as president and Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as vice-president to 13th State Andhra Mahasabha in that meeting. The meeting was held on March 26,27 and 28th. Puchala-pally Sundaraiah participated in the meeting as guest.Nearly 40,000 people attended the meeting.
  • 1946 – Mahathma Gandhi's visit to Khammam mett (Khammam town) on 5 August 1946
  • 1947 August, 7 – Satyagraham at Madhira and Khammam by Jamalapuram Kesava Rao, Kurapati Venkata Raju, Vattikonda Ramakotaiah, Heeralal Moriya, Teegala Hanumantha Rao, Kolipaka Kishan Rao, Gella Keshava Rao, Yadavalli Venkateswara Sharma,Pullabhotla Venkateswarlu (Hyderabad congress present)

Khammam Fort[edit]

Ghee well at Khammam fort

Construction of the Khammam Fort was initiated around 950 when the Telugu area (now Andhra Pradesh) was ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty (10th – 13th century). Later, Musunuri Nayaks and Velama kings were involved in the construction of the fort situated on the hill. It was completed in the year 1000 and was under control of Reddy dynasty. Subsequently the Qutb Shahi kingdom (1531) developed further both Khammam Fort and other parts of the region. Khammam Fort represents both Hindu and Muslim architectural influences. The fort has celebrated 1000 years of existence and is set to become a major tourist spot. It is developed as a tourist spot by the government. This fort was built with granite and has an area of around 4 square kilometers, has 10 endpoints. And it has a Masjed and Mahal (palace) including Ashoor Khanas built and renovated by Nawab Shoukat Jung Hussam Ud Doulah and his son Nawab Kazim Jung and grandson Nawab Mohd Shabbir Hussain Khan Azm.



Khammam is located at 17°15′N 80°09′E / 17.25°N 80.15°E / 17.25; 80.15.[10] It has an average elevation of 107 metres (351 feet).


Khammam experiences typical Indian climatic conditions. Summer season is hot and the temperatures can climb rapidly during the day. Monsoon season brings certain amount of rainfall and the temperatures gradually reduce during this period. After the onset of the monsoon day temperatures are much lower and as the winter approaches they reduce further.

Summer season is from March and lasts till the end of May. During this time day temperatures are high and can reach 40 °C to 42 °C. Humidity is low as it is not located near the ocean. Conditions are generally dry during this period and the temperatures range from a minimum of 35 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 40  °C to 45 °C. Monsoon season brings much needed relief from the heat. Monsoon seasons are from the months of June to September. Temperatures average around 30 °C during this period. The place gets rain from the South West Monsoon. Some amount of rainfall can be experienced in the October as well. Winter season is from December to February. January is usually the coldest parts of the year. Temperatures range around 28 °C to 34 °C during this time.

During the 2015 India heat wave, Khammam experienced a maximum temperature of 48 °C (118 °F).[11][12]


Khammam has been receiving higher annual rainfall than the rest of state. The annual rain fall is 175 centimetres (69 in) during the monsoon season. Khammam was also affected by the floods of Munneru, the tributary of Krishna River. In 2007, the floods stuck by the River drowned the Bokkalagadda with the heavy 3-day rain. Again in 2009, floods stuck and drowned the area again. Proposal was also there for the construction of barricade here.Food Corporation of India storage centres in Khammam releases food for the flood victims regularly[citation needed].


As of 2011 census, the city had a population of 184,252. The total population constitute, 91,019 males and 93,233 females —a sex ratio of 1025 females per 1000 males. 17,131 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 8,876 are boys and 8,255 are girls —a ratio of 1075 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 81.70% with 136,532 literates, significantly higher than the state average of 67.41%.[1][13]


Khammam culture is a mixed culture of Telangana and Coastal Andhra. People of Khammam city are well coordinated with East & West Godavari, Krishna. This city is near to Warangal and Vijayawada.

Tourist destinations[edit]

Khammam Fort, constructed in 950 AD by the Kakatiya Dynasty, is on a hill overlooking the town. Lakaram lake, Khammam city is another tourist attraction.[14] Apart from these there are many places surrounding the town namely Bhadrachalam, Parnasala, Nelakondapalli, Kusumanchi etc.


Khammam city has a good road and rail facility. Telangana state transport operates buses to many routes. It is a gateway to northern coastal Andhra (East, West Godavari district & Vizag). The city is located on the link highway (NH-9 & NH-5) which connects Hyderabad City and Rajamundry Town.


Khammam is well connected to major cities and towns in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Due to the heavy rush in the present bus station, a new bus station is an upcoming plan in the Indira nagar which is to be completed 2012–2013. A new outer ring road (From Yellandu Road to Mallemadugu and Khammam Bypass Road) is also a future plan.


Khammam is one of the major Railway stations on the NewDelhi<->Chennai Railway line which connects the town with Hyderabad, Warangal, Vijayawada, Vishakapatnam, Tirupati and trains going to major cities in India like Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai stop station.It is a major stop between Vijayawada and Warangal stations. Daily 64 passenger, express, superfast trains stops in khammam railway station. The station has three platforms of which 2 are majorly used for express and passenger trains while the third one is used for goods transport.

khammam railway station


The nearest airport is Vijayawada Airport (138 km) but the most used airport is the Hyderabad International Airport (208 km) because of its size and accessibility to international locations . There was a plan to survey locations to build a new airport in Khammam District[15] to connect cities like Hyderabad, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Bengaluru.


There are various engineering colleges, pharmacy colleges, and MBA, MCA colleges around Khammam city.Mamata Medical College which is also a teaching hospital located in the city.SR & BGNR Degree and PG College also conducts archaeological research on megalithic sites.[16][17]

Cultural Centres[edit]

  • Bhakta Ramadasu Kala Kshetram,[18] has been a prestigious National theatre, constructed by the Government of Andhra Pradesh in the name of Sri. Bhakta Ramadasu ( Kancherla Gopanna )[19] was devotee of Sri Rama and composer of carnatic music.


  • Sardar Patel Stadium[20]

A stadium with all amenities including sports complex, indoor stadium, swimming pool, cricket net, skating rink, volleyball, basketball and tennis courts. There is a running track around the football pitch.

  • Pavilion Grounds By Khammam Municipal Corporation
  • SR & BGNR Grounds


  1. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "District Codes". Government of Telangana Transport Department. Retrieved 4 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Khammam Municipality upgraded". The Hindu. 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  4. ^ A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Godavery District in the Presidencyof Madras, H. Morris, 1878, London, p. 216
  5. ^ A manual of the Kistna district in the presidency of Madras, Gordon Mackenzie, 1883, Madras, p. 25, 80
  6. ^ Buddhist remains in Āndhra and the history of Āndhra between 224 & 610 A.D., K. R. Subramanian, p. 149
  7. ^ A Handbook for India, Part I, Madras, John Murray, 1859, London
  8. ^ The Geography of India, J. Burgess, 1871, London, p. 48
  9. ^ The Church Missionary Intelligencer,Volume 2,1866, London, p. 73
  10. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Khammam
  11. ^ "Heatwave sweeps across India, 335 people dead". The Times of India. 24 May 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2015. 
  12. ^ "Hundreds Are Dying in a Blistering Heat Wave Sweeping Across India". Time. 25 May 2015. Retrieved 25 May 2015. 
  13. ^ "Literacy of AP (Census 2011)" (PDF). Official Portal of Andhra Pradesh Government. p. 43. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  14. ^ "Lakaram lake". Andhra Pradesh Tourism. Archived from the original on October 30, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Andhra Pradesh / Khammam News : Civil Aviation team in Khammam". The Hindu. 2007-09-09. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ "Bhaktha Ramdas Kalakeshthram,Photo-India". Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  19. ^ "Kancherla Gopanna — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  20. ^ "Welcome to Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh (S A A P)". Retrieved 2013-11-17. 

External links[edit]