Khammam

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This article is about the corporation in India. For its namesake district, see Khammam district.
Khammam
ఖమ్మం
ھمام
city
Entrance to the Khammam Fort
Khammam is located in Telangana
Khammam
Khammam
Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°09′E / 17.25°N 80.15°E / 17.25; 80.15Coordinates: 17°15′N 80°09′E / 17.25°N 80.15°E / 17.25; 80.15
Country India
State Telangana
Region Deccan
District Khammam
Named for Kamba
Elevation 107 m (351 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 184,252
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 507001, 507002, 507003, 507115, 507305
Vehicle registration TS 04
Website website

Khammam is the headquarters of the Khammam District in the Telangana state of India and is located about 193 kilometres (120 mi) east of state capital, Hyderabad. On October 19, AP govt has announced[2] Khammam city as Municipal Corporation, adding 14 villages around it which developed in business with the town.

History[edit]

The present name of Khammam is said to have been derived from the name of the temple 'Narsimhadri', later 'Stamba Sikhari' and then it was termed as 'Stambadhri' which has an ancient temple of Narasimha Swamy on its top. This temple is believed to have been existing since Treta Yuga. The vertical rock under the temple is known as 'KAMBA' which literally means pillar. The name of the town Khammam has been derived from 'Kambam Mettu' to ' Kammammet' or 'Khammam Mettu' to the present 'Khammam city'. The district is also named as Khammam.

Narasimhaswami temple

On the other hand, the historical records show that the name was "Kammamet"[3][4][5][6][7][8]

The City is located on the banks of a river called Munneru which is a tributary of the Krishna River. Khammam district has a lot of historical importance in Telangana.

Revolution separate telangana born in this district.

Khammam City which was the seat of Taluk Administration was part of the larger Warangal District, till 1 October 1953. Five taluks of the Warangal district viz., Khammam, Madhira, Yellandu, Burgampadu and Paloncha (now Kothagudem) were carved out and a new district Khammam with Khammam as District Headquarters. In 1959 Bhadrachalam Revenue Division consisting Bhadrachalam and Nuguru Venkatapuram Taluks of East Godawari district, which were on the other side of the river Godavari were merged into Khammam on grounds of geographical contiguity and administrative viability.

In 1973 a new taluk with Sathupalli as headquarters was formed carving out from Madhira and Kothagudem taluks. In the year 1976 four new taluks were formed viz., Tirumalayapalem, Sudimalla, Aswaraopeta and Khammam district was initially a part of larger Warangal District. History of khammam shows that it has produced a number of leaders who were part of the Freedom struggle such as first generation Communist leaders Peravelli Venkata Ramanaiah, Pendyala Satyanarayana Rao, Sarvadevabhatla Ramanatham, K.L.Narsimha Rao, Chirravuri Laxminarasaiah and Congress leaders Madapati Hanumantha Rao, Chepuri venkanna, Madapati Ramchander Rao and Sardar Jamalpuram Keshava Rao,Bommakanti Satyanarayana Rao, Hayagreeva Chary and after Nizam Rashtra Vimochanam Jalagam Vengala Rao, former Chief Minister of AP, Prof. K. Venkata Ramiah, founder Vice-chancellor of KU hail from Khammam.

Freedom movement[edit]

Some of the notable events in Khammam town during freedom struggle .

  • 1931 – First Independence movement in Khammam proper
  • 1935 – First Library established in Khammam town
  • 1945 - 12th State Andhra Mahasabha meeting at Khammam organised by Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as general secretary, Aahvana sangham. Elected Baddam Ellareddy as president and Pendyala Satya Narayana Rao as vice-president to 13th State Andhra Mahasabha in that meeting. The meeting was held on 26 March,27 and 28th. Puchala-pally Sundaraiah participated in the meeting as guest.
  • 1946 – Mahathma Gandhi's visit to Khammam mett (Khammam town) on 5 August 1946
  • 1947 August, 7 – Satyagraham at Madhira and Khammam by Jamalapuram Kesava Rao, Kurapati Venkata Raju, Vattikonda Ramakotaiah, Heeralal Moriya, Teegala Hanumantha Rao, Kolipaka Kishan Rao, Gella Keshava Rao, Pullabhotla Venkateswarlu (Hyderabad congress present)

Khammam Fort[edit]

Ghee well at Khammam fort

Construction of the Khammam Fort was initiated around 950 when the Telugu area (now Andhra Pradesh) was ruled by the Kakatiya dynasty (10th – 13th century). Later, Musunuri Nayaks and Velama kings were involved in the construction of the fort situated on the hill. It was completed in the year 1000 and was under control of Reddy dynasty. Subsequently the Qutb Shahi kingdom (1531) developed further both Khammam Fort and other parts of the region. Khammam Fort represents both Hindu and Muslim architectural influences. The fort has celebrated 1000 years of existence and is set to become a major tourist spot. It is developed as a tourist spot by the government. This fort was built with granite and has an area of around 4 square kilometers, has 10 endpoints. And it has a Masjed and Mahal (palace) including Ashoor Khanas built and renovated by Nawab Shoukat Jung Hussam Ud Doulah and his son Nawab Kazim Jung and grandson Nawab Mohd Shabbir Hussain Khan Azm.

Geography[edit]

Topography[edit]

Khammam is located at 17°15′N 80°09′E / 17.25°N 80.15°E / 17.25; 80.15.[9] It has an average elevation of 107 metres (351 feet).

Climate[edit]

Khammam experiences typical Indian climatic conditions. Summer season is hot and the temperatures can climb rapidly during the day. Monsoon season brings certain amount of rainfall and the temperatures gradually reduce during this period. After the onset of the monsoon day temperatures are much lower and as the winter approaches they reduce further.

Summer season is from March and lasts till the end of May. During this time day temperatures are high and can reach 50 °C to 55 °C. Humidity is low as it is not located near the ocean. Conditions are generally dry during this period and the temperatures range from a minimum of 40 °C and can rise up to a maximum of 45  °C to 50 °C. Monsoon season brings much needed relief from the heat. Monsoon seasons are from the months of June to September. Temperatures average around 30 °C during this period. The place gets rain from the South West Monsoon. Some amount of rainfall can be experienced in the October as well. Winter season is from December to February. January is usually the coldest parts of the year. Temperatures range around 28 °C to 34 °C during this time.

Floods[edit]

Khammam has been receiving higher annual rainfall than the rest of state. The annual rain fall is 175 centimetres (69 in) during the monsoon season. Khammam was also affected by the floods of Munneru, the tributary of Krishna River. In 2007, the floods stuck by the River drowned the Bokkalagadda with the heavy 3-day rain. Again in 2009, floods stuck and drowned the area again. Proposal was also there for the construction of barricade here.Food Corporation of India storage centres in Khammam releases food for the flood victims regularly[citation needed].

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2011 Indian census,[10] Khammam had a population of 267,000 including suburban khanapuram haveli. Out side KMC area nearly two lakh population is spread(including rural& urban ) . Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Khammam has an average literacy rate of 82.59%, greater than the national average of 74.04% with male literacy of 87.94% and female literacy of 77.39%. In Khammam, 11% of the population is under six years of age.

Culture[edit]

Khammam culture is a mixed culture of Telangana and Coastal Andhra. People of Khammam city are well coordinated with East & West Godavari, Krishna. This city is near to Warangal, Dornakal, Suryapet, Nalgonda, Vijayawada, Eluru, Tiruvuru, Nuzvid, and Kodad.

Tourist destinations[edit]

Khammam Fort, constructed in 950 AD by the Kakatiya Dynasty stands regally on a hill, overlooking the town of Khammam. Lakaram lake, Khammam city is one of the lake in the town, is one of the major tourist attraction.[11] Apart from these there are many places surrounding the town namely Bhadrachalam, Parnasala, Nelakondapalli, Kusumanchi etc.

Transportation[edit]

Khammam city has a good road and rail facility. Telangana state transport operates buses to many routes. It is a gateway to northern coastal Andhra (East, West Godavari district & Vizag). The city is located on the link highway (NH-9 & NH-5) which connects Hyderabad City and Rajamundry Town.

Road[edit]

Khammam is well connected to major cities and towns in Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. Due to the heavy rush in the present bus station, a new bus station is an upcoming plan in the Indira nagar which is to be completed 2012–2013. A new outer ring road (From Yellandu Road to Mallemadugu and Khammam Bypass Road) is also a future plan.

Rail[edit]

Khammam is one of the major Railway stations on the NewDelhi<->Chennai Railway line which connects the town with Hyderabad, Warangal, Vijayawada, Vishakapatnam, Tirupati and trains going to major cities in India like Kolkata, New Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai stop station.It is a major stop between Vijayawada and Warangal stations. Daily 64 passenger, express, superfast trains stops in khammam railway station. The station has three platforms of which 2 are majorly used for express and passenger trains while the third one is used for goods transport.

Air[edit]

The nearest airpots is Vijayawada Airport (138 KM) but the most used airport is the Hyderabad International Airport (208 km) because of its size and accessibility to international locations . There was a plan to survey locations to build a new airport in Khammam District[12] to connect cities like Hyderabad, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Chennai and Bengaluru.

Education[edit]

There are various engineering colleges, pharmacy colleges, and MBA, MCA colleges around Khammam city.Mamata Medical College which is also a teaching hospital is located in the city.SR & BGNR Degree and PG College. It also conducts archaeological research on megalithic sites.[13][14]

Cultural Centres[edit]

  • Bhakta Ramadasu Kala Kshetram,[15] has been a prestigious National theatre, constructed by the Government of Andhra Pradesh in the name of Sri. Bhakta Ramadasu ( Kancherla Gopanna )[16] was devotee of Sri Rama and composer of carnatic music.

Sports[edit]

  • Sardar Patel Stadium[17]

An international stadium with all amenities including sports complex, mini stadium, indoor stadium, swimming pool, skating rink, tennis court.

  • Pavilion Grounds By Khammam Muncipal Corporation
  • SR & BGNR Grounds

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 Cities having population 1 lakh and above". The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "Khammam Municipality upgraded". The Hindu. 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  3. ^ A Descriptive and Historical Account of the Godavery District in the Presidencyof Madras, H. Morris, 1878, London, p. 216
  4. ^ A manual of the Kistna district in the presidency of Madras, Gordon Mackenzie, 1883, Madras, p. 25, 80
  5. ^ Buddhist remains in Āndhra and the history of Āndhra between 224 & 610 A.D., K. R. Subramanian, p. 149
  6. ^ A Handbook for India, Part I, Madras, John Murray, 1859, London
  7. ^ The Geography of India, J. Burgess, 1871, London, p. 48
  8. ^ The Church Missionary Intelligencer,Volume 2,1866, London, p. 73
  9. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Khammam
  10. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  11. ^ Khammam Tourism http://aptourism.in/index.php/k2-separator/k2/item/156-lakaramlake
  12. ^ "Andhra Pradesh / Khammam News : Civil Aviation team in Khammam". The Hindu. 2007-09-09. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  13. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/brochure-on-megalithic-sites-in-khammam/article6099678.ece
  14. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/impetus-for-heritage-conservation-mission/article5874554.ece
  15. ^ "Bhaktha Ramdas Kalakeshthram,Photo-India". Ugo.cn. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  16. ^ "Kancherla Gopanna — Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia". En.wikipedia.org. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 
  17. ^ "Welcome to Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh (S A A P)". Saap.in. Retrieved 2013-11-17. 

External links[edit]