Khan of Kalat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
His Highness the Khan of Kalat and Sons

Khan of Kalat or Khan-e-Qalat (Balochi: خان قلات) is the title of former rulers of State of Kalat. Kalat state or Balochistan, is now part of Pakistan. The rulers in Kalat were subjected to the political authority of a larger state for some period first they were subjected to Mughal emperor Akbar in Delhi, ,[1] then after 1839 to the British, and finally to the Pakistan government.

The rulers of Kalat held the title of Vali originally but in 1739 also took the title (Begler Begi) Khan usually shortened to Khan. The last Khan of Kalat had the privilege of being the President of the Council of Rulers for the Baluchistan States Union.

History[edit]

The Khans of Kalat were founded by a Baloch[2] hill chieftain named Qambar (or Qumbar).[3][4] His tribe was hired by Sehwa, the Raja of Kalat, a Hindu princely state, to protect against marauding tribes from the Multan, Shikarpur and Upper Sind areas.[4] Kumbar and his troops successfully repressed the incursion, but afterward, they deposed the raja and Qambar became the first Vali.[3]



Tenure Khan of Kalat[1]
1666–1667 Mir Ahmad I
1695–1696 Mir Mehrab
1697–1713 Samandar Khan
1713–1714 Mir Ahmad II
1715–1730 Mir Abdullah
1730–1749 Mir Muhabbat
1749–1794 Muhammad Nasir Khan I, son of Abdullah[5]
1794–1831 Mahmud Khan I
1831 – 13 November 1839 Mehrab Khan II
1839–1840 Shah Nawaz Khan
1840–1857 Nasir Khan II, son of Nasir Khan I[6]
1857 – March 1863 Khudadad Khan (1st time) during his period of rule, there were seven major and many minor rebellion took place.
March 1863 – May 1864 Sherdil Khan (usurped throne)
May 1864 – 15 August 1893 Khudadad Khan (2nd time)
10 November 1893 – 3 November 1931 Mahmud Khan II
3 November 1931 – 10 September 1933 Mohammad Azam Jan Khan
10 September 1933 – 14 October 1955 Ahmad Yar Khan (1st time)
20 June 1958 – 1958 Ahmad Yar Khan (2nd time)(in rebellion)
14 October 1955 State of Kalat acceded to Pakistan

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Baluchistan" Imperial Gazetter of India Vol. 6, p. 277, from the Digital South Asia Library, accessed 15 January 2009
  2. ^ Qambar gave his name to the Qambarani branch of the Baloch, just as Ahmed I gave his name to the Ahmedzai branch of the Qambrani, Balfour, Edward (1885) "India, Its Balochistan neighbours" The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial, Industrial and Scientific Vol. II H-NYSA (3rd ed.) Bernard Quaritch, London, p. 195, accessed 15 January 2009
  3. ^ a b Keltie, J. Scott (ed.) (1902) Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world for the year 1902 Macmillian and Co., London p. 172, accessed 15 January 2009
  4. ^ a b Balfour, Edward (1885) "India, Its Baluchistan neighbours" The Cyclopædia of India and of Eastern and Southern Asia, Commercial, Industrial and Scientific Vol. II H-NYSA (3rd ed.) Bernard Quaritch, London, p. 191, accessed 15 January 2009
  5. ^ Nasir Khan was appointed to his father's lands by Ahmad Shah Durrani, Keltie, J. Scott (ed.) (1902) Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world for the year 1902 Macmillian and Co., London p. 173, accessed 15 January 2009
  6. ^ The British recognized Nasir Khan II in 1841, Keltie, J. Scott (ed.) (1902) Statistical and historical annual of the states of the world for the year 1902 Macmillian and Co., London p. 173, accessed 15 January 2009

External links[edit]