Khanates of the Caucasus

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Transcaucasia, XVIII-XIX.
The khanates in Transcaucasia and the northern portion of Persia, 18th-20th centuries.[1]
Map of the khanates in Caucasus.

The Khanates of the Caucasus were various principalities established by Persia on their territories in the Caucasus, (modern-day Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia and Dagestan) from the late Safavid to the Qajar dynasty. The Khanates were mostly ruled by Khans of Turkic origin[2][3][4][5][6] and were vassals and subjects of the Iranian shah (King).[7] Persia permanently lost a part of these khanates to Russia as a result of the Russo-Persian Wars, while the others were absorbed into Persia.

The khanates ultimately swallowed up into and by the Russian Empire were:

Apart from that some remote parts of Dagestan were governed by largely independent rural communities/federations before the Russian conquest of the area:[9]

The following khanates ended up as part of Qajar Persia and today's Iran:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ According to one source, "In Safavi times, Azerbaijan was applied to all the muslim-ruled khanates of the eastern Caucasian as well as to the area south of the Araz River as fas as the Qezel Uzan River, the latter region being approximately the same as the modern Iranian ostans of East and West Azerbaijan." Muriel Atkin, Russia and Iran, 1780-1828. 2nd. ed. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press Press, 2008, ISBN 0 521 58336 5
  2. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica Online: History of Azerbaijan [1]
  3. ^ Russian Azerbaijan, 1905–1920 By Tadeusz Swietochowski page 272
  4. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica Online: History of Azerbaijan
  5. ^ Russian Azerbaijan, 1905-1920 By Tadeusz Swietochowski page 272
  6. ^ Russia and Iran, 1780-1828 By Muriel Atkin, Page 16-20
  7. ^ Encyclopedia of Soviet law By Ferdinand Joseph Maria Feldbrugge, Gerard Pieter van den Berg, William B. Simons, Page 457
  8. ^ Marie Broxup, The North Caucasus Barrier: The Russian Advance Towards the Muslim World, C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 1996, p. 31ff
  9. ^ Hans-Heinrich Nolte (ed.), Innere Peripherien in Ost und West, Verlag Franz Steiner, 2001, p. 151 (German)
  10. ^ Ardabil Khanate on
  11. ^ Karadakh/Garadagh Khanate on
  12. ^ Khoy Khanate on
  13. ^ Maku Khanate on
  14. ^ Marageh/Maraqa Khanate on
  15. ^ Sarab Khanate on
  16. ^ Tabriz Khanate on
  17. ^ Urmia Khanate on