Khandadhar Falls, Sundagarh

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Not to be confused with Khandadhar Falls, Kendujhar.
Khandadhar Falls
Khandadhar Waterfall.jpg
Location Sundergarh, Odisha, India
Coordinates 21°45′41″N 85°07′02″E / 21.761295°N 85.117210°E / 21.761295; 85.117210
Type horse tail
Total height 244 metres (801 ft)
Number of drops 1
Watercourse Kora Nala

The Khandadhar Falls (Oriya: ଖଣ୍ଡାଧାର ଜଳପ୍ରପାତ) is located at Nandapani in Sundergarh district in the Indian state of Odisha. It is the 12th highest waterfall in India.[1]

Location[edit]

The Khandadhar Falls is 104 kilometres (65 mi) from Rourkela via Bonaigarh, and 54 kilometres (34 mi) from Kendujhar.[2][3]

The falls[edit]

It is a perennial horse tail type waterfall. The Korapani Nala, a small stream, plunges from a height of 244 metres (801 ft) in a single drop.[4]


Khandhadhar Falls around 90 Km From Rourkela is second highest fall of Orissa and 12th in India with plunging height of 801 Feet .

Legend[edit]

There is an interesting legend amongst the Pauri Bhuiya tribals who inhabit the area around Khandadhar. The legend is reproduced from Outlook (magazine):[5]

“A Pauri Bhuiya legend speaks of how their mountains came to be so munificent. The Sundergarh branch of the community was once possessed by a rapacious goddess named Kankala Devi, who consumed trees, soil and everything else. In despair, the Pauri Bhuiya placed her on a rock, which she ate through as well—creating a deep hole from which poured out the Khandadhara (split-rock waterfall). So they had water. Then a couple from the community went to visit relatives at the eastern, or Keonjhar, end of the Khandadhar mountain range. Their prospective hosts were away but a pile of grains had been left outdoors and, amazingly, not even the birds were eating it. Inside the heap, the couple discovered a small goddess, Khand Kumari, protector of the region’s prosperity. They stole her and brought her back to Sundergarh, and so her bounty became theirs.”[5]

Impact of mining[edit]

The Kalinga Commercial Corporation Ltd. operates the Kurmitar mine on the Khandadhar hill range spread over133 hectares. It exports iron ore to China and manganese ore to Korea. The diversion of a mountaintop stream has resulted in partial drying up of the Khandadhara Falls. The state owned Odisha Mineral Corporation has mines in the area spread over 1,212.hactares. It has signed agreements with Adhunik Metaliks and Rexon Strips for supply of iron ore. Odisha government intends to lease out 2,500 hectares to POSCO India. There has been protests locally and the matter has gone to court. As of 2012 court judgement is awaited.[5][6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Showing all Waterfalls in India". World Waterfalls Database. Retrieved 2010-06-20. 
  2. ^ "The Khandadhar Falls". Only Travel Guide. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  3. ^ "Khandadhar Falls". Maps of India. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  4. ^ "Khandadhar Falls". World Waterfall Database. Retrieved 2010-06-23. 
  5. ^ a b c Mukherjee, Madhushree. "The Death Of A Waterfall". Outlook, 11 June 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  6. ^ Mohapatra, Sadananda. "OMC signs long-term iron ore sale pacts for Khandadhar mines". Business Standard, 31 July 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 
  7. ^ "POSCO-India faces fresh opposition in Odisha". Markets Bull. Retrieved 2013-01-07. 

External links[edit]