Khandaghosh (community development block)

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Khandaghosh
Community development block
Khandaghosh is located in West Bengal
Khandaghosh
Khandaghosh
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 23°12′47″N 87°41′23″E / 23.21306°N 87.68972°E / 23.21306; 87.68972
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Bardhaman
Parliamentary constituency Bishnupur
Assembly constituency Khandaghosh
Area
 • Total 98.89 sq mi (256.13 km2)
Population (2001)
 • Total 170,310
 • Density 1,720/sq mi (665/km2)
Time zone IST (UTC+5.30)
Literacy Rate 72.82 per cent
Website http://bardhaman.gov.in/

Khandaghosh (community development block) (Bengali: খণ্ডঘোষ সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক) is an administrative division in Bardhaman Sadar South subdivision of Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Khandaghosh police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Sagrai.[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Khandaghosh is located at 23°12′47″N 87°41′23″E / 23.2131°N 87.6898°E / 23.2131; 87.6898.

Khanaghosh community development block has an area of 256.13  km2.[2]

Unlike the rest of Bardhaman district, which lies to the north of the Damodar River, the Khandaghosh-Jamalpur-Raina area lies on the alluvial plains between the Damodar on its southern/ eastern side and the Dwarakeswar river. As a result, it has been a flood prone area.[3]

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Khandaghosh block/panchayat samiti are: Berugram, Gopalbera, Kaiyor, Khandaghosh, Lodna, Sagrai, Sankari I, Sankari II, Sasanga and Ukhrid.[4]

History[edit]

Administrative set up[edit]

In Peterson’s District Gazeteer of 1910 there is mention of Khandaghosh and other police stations in Bardhaman subdivision.[5]In 1968-69, Khandaghosh and other blocks were created.[6]

Movements[edit]

Damodar floods wrought havoc in the area and Dasarathi Tah initiated the ‘Nakrah hana embankment movement’ and even published a weekly newspaper named Damodar to focus on the problems faced by the people in the area.[7]The August movement of 1942 had a great impact in the area. The post office at Khandaghosh was burnt down.[8]In 1942, the Communist Party started building its rural peasant bases under the leadership of Benoy Choudhury. Leaders in the area were Sahedullah and Panchu Guha.[9]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2001 census, Khandaghosh block had a total population of 170,310, out of which 87,671 were males and 82,639 were females. Khandaghosh block registered a population growth of 15.03 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Bardhaman district was 14.36 per cent.[2]Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[10]

Scheduled castes at 64,192 formed more than one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 4,180.[11]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2001 census, Khandaghosh block had a total literacy of 72.82 per cent for the 6+ age group. While male literacy was 81.55 per cent female literacy was 63.57 per cent. Bardhaman district had a total literacy of 70.18 per cent, male literacy being 78.63 per cent and female literacy being 60.95 per cent.[12]

Health[edit]

A dispensary was set up at Khandaghosh as early as 1804.[13]

People[edit]

Rashbehari Ghosh,Batukeshwar dutt the revolutionary leader, was from Khandaghosh.[14]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Contact details of Block Development Officers". Burdwan district. West Bengal Government. Retrieved 2011-09-07. 
  2. ^ a b c "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 4, Barddhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-09-07. 
  3. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp15-18, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  4. ^ "No. 229 (Sanction)-PN/P/II/1G-5/2005(Pt.II) dated 02.02.09". Allotment No. 5 for five districts – Cooch Behar, Burdwan, Uttar Dinajpur, Hooghly and Bankura. Government of West Bengal - Department of Panchayats & Rural Development. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  5. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 369
  6. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 388
  7. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 478
  8. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 454
  9. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, pp. 476-477
  10. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  11. ^ "TRU for all Districts (SC & ST and Total)". Census 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2008-08-26. 
  12. ^ "Provisional population totals, West Bengal, Table 5, Bardhaman District". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  13. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p. 868
  14. ^ Banglapedia biography of Rashbehari Ghosh