Khanpur

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Khanpur (disambiguation).
Khanpur
Khanpur is located in Pakistan
Khanpur
Khanpur
Coordinates: 28°39′00″N 70°40′48″E / 28.650°N 70.680°E / 28.650; 70.680Coordinates: 28°39′00″N 70°40′48″E / 28.650°N 70.680°E / 28.650; 70.680
Country Pakistan
Province Punjab
District Rahim Yar Khan
Population
 • Total 156,152
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
Calling code 06855

Khanpur (Punjabi خانپور) is a city and Tehsil of the Rahim Yar Khan District of Bahawalpur Division, in the Punjab province of Pakistan.

The city is a centre for sugarcane and cotton agriculture. It is one of the largest Tehsils of the Rahim Yar Khan District, in terms of its area. The famous Cholistan Desert is mainly located in the Khanpur area. There are many places in Pakistan named Khanpur, but only two of them have the status of Tehsil, and the other one is in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Khanpur is a strong candidate for becoming a District, as it had the status of District in the British Era until 1938.

Language and Demography[edit]

According to the census of 1998, the city population was 117,764 with an annual growth rate of 2.6%. The majority of the population is Muslim and speaks Punjabi in Majhi and Riasti dialects of the Punjabi language. As of 2009, the recorded population of Khanpur was 156,152.[1]

Its old large market areas and Bazaar are clear evidence of the old saga of this city. Its long adjoining Shahi Road leads to many cities such as Rahim Yar Khan on one side and Liaquat Pur and Bahawalpur on the other side. In the old times Khanpur is famous for its bowl makers. Khanpur is also known as "Sahipur" named before the great scholar Gil Sahi (Late). Chachran (Sharif) is a small town (a Kasba) located in tehsil Khanpur along with Indus River and approximately 35 km away from Khanpur city is the birthplace of Khawaja Ghulam Fareed (The national poet of saraiki). Only Urban Town of Tehsil Khanpur namely Zahir Pir is situated about 22 kilometres (14 mi) from Khanpur city on National Highway (N-5)(KLP Road), having population of more than 100,000.

History[edit]

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005, and followed it by the conquests of Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominantly Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region.

After the decline of the Mughal Empire, the Bahawalpur state ruled the region.

Khanpur was established in 1848[citation needed], and had the status of district headquarters in British Era till 1938. but later on this status was given to the city of Rahim Yar Khan. Khanpur (Khanpur Katoora) is one of the oldest cities of the Punjab.

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while the Muslims refugees from India settled down in the Rahim Yar Khan District.

Climate[edit]

Khanpur has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with hot summers and mild winters. Rainfall is low, but some rain does fall in the monsoon season from July to September.

Climate data for Khanpur
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
32.8
(91)
40.6
(105.1)
45.6
(114.1)
47.8
(118)
48.0
(118.4)
46.7
(116.1)
43.3
(109.9)
42.2
(108)
41.1
(106)
37.0
(98.6)
32.0
(89.6)
48
(118.4)
Average high °C (°F) 21.8
(71.2)
24.4
(75.9)
30.2
(86.4)
37.0
(98.6)
41.3
(106.3)
42.5
(108.5)
39.9
(103.8)
38.4
(101.1)
37.0
(98.6)
34.8
(94.6)
29.4
(84.9)
23.5
(74.3)
33.35
(92.02)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.1
(55.6)
15.9
(60.6)
21.5
(70.7)
27.7
(81.9)
32.5
(90.5)
34.8
(94.6)
33.6
(92.5)
32.4
(90.3)
30.1
(86.2)
25.6
(78.1)
19.7
(67.5)
14.4
(57.9)
25.11
(77.2)
Average low °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
7.3
(45.1)
12.8
(55)
18.5
(65.3)
23.6
(74.5)
27.2
(81)
27.3
(81.1)
26.3
(79.3)
23.1
(73.6)
16.3
(61.3)
10.1
(50.2)
5.3
(41.5)
16.85
(62.32)
Record low °C (°F) −3.3
(26.1)
−2.8
(27)
2.0
(35.6)
6.5
(43.7)
11.0
(51.8)
13.0
(55.4)
17.0
(62.6)
18.0
(64.4)
14.8
(58.6)
5.0
(41)
0.6
(33.1)
−4.3
(24.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
Precipitation mm (inches) 4.4
(0.173)
5.4
(0.213)
5.6
(0.22)
2.8
(0.11)
5.1
(0.201)
2.8
(0.11)
27.5
(1.083)
23.0
(0.906)
15.5
(0.61)
1.2
(0.047)
0.7
(0.028)
3.3
(0.13)
97.3
(3.831)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 261.3 244.3 269.9 287.1 310.4 283.5 274.9 293.8 289.7 307.2 287.9 260.5 3,370.5
Source: NOAA (1961–1990)[2]

Agriculture[edit]

Agriculture is the main livelihood of Khanpur's residents. The major crops grown in the region are cotton, sugarcane, wheat, rice, and vegetables.vegetables specially carrots is a very famous in winter season in khanpur. Although Khanpur was originally a major cotton growing area, it has now shifted towards being a major sugarcane growing region. The Average yield of Sugarcane crop is 748.15 Mnds/Acre (2011–12), which is greater than the average yield of World and Pakistan. Vegetables are grown widely in scattered areas, and the number of greenhouses is increasing every year.

Education[edit]

Khanpur has many public and private educational institutions. A campus of university of education Lahore is located here for B.Ed, M.Ed and ADE studies. Mrs Bano Hashmat is the first Lady Principal of this College. The Government Post Graduate College for Boys and girls provides education in many disciplines. There are three High schools in Khanpur .

  • Government Model High school
  • Government TT high school
  • Government colony high school

There are two Government colleges also in the Khnapur.

  • Government Taraki Taleem (TT) College Khanpur.
  • Government Commerce College Khanpur.

In the private sector prominent colleges are:

  • Alpine College Khanpur.
  • Albarkat College Khanpur.

Private Schools of khanpur are:

  • Young Misali Cadet Public School Khanpur.
  • CENTRAL PUBLIC SCHOOL KHANPUR.
  • Alpine Secondary Schools
  • Rangers Public School..
  • Al-Barkat School System.
  • IQRA Public School, Khanpur
  • GOLDEN GATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS KHANPUR.
  • White House Grammar School.
  • Ali School of Sciences.
  • Sir Syed Model School.
  • The Educators.
  • The Kids Valley.
  • Laraib Model School.
  • The Convent Lycetuff.
  • Angels Heaven Montessori.
  • Crescent Model Public School.
  • Khanpur Grammar School.
  • Gazzali School.
  • Missali Hira Cadet School.
  • The Horizon Schooling System.
  • The Meadows.
  • The City School.
  • The Knowledge.

Culture[edit]

Khanpur is also known as Khanpur Katora ("Katora" an Urdu word meaning "bowl") for producing clay bowls. The city is known for its sweets specially for its Peras, Khoya, Sohanhalwah and among fruits the region produces "oranges" known as "Khanpuri Malta" (Khanpur's Orange).

Well Known Places[edit]

Well known places in Khanpur include:

  • Govt Model High School- It is very famous for its three play grounds where in the evening sports come up to its climate including football, cricket and volleyball. Some gamblers also make it casino in the corners of the ground playing cards. Annual football tournaments on District, Division,Province and country level are also organized in this ground by well known "KARWAN" football club.
  • Model Town Road- You can call it food street of khanpur. In the evening food stalls are endured by the road and it is fun sitting near the road and enjoying different types of food while watching people roaming about.
  • City Park- It is the recreation park for children and families. People like to visit this park at weekend.

Sports[edit]

Hocky[edit]

Cricket[edit]

Tennis[edit]

Officers club: all Pakistan ranking tournament won are trained in officers club. This club also won divisional-level trophies.

Football[edit]

Sports are widely played in the city and the community of the city thoroughly enjoys sport as an enjoyable alternative in terms of recreation. The city is home to many talented football players of Pakistan and abroad who have achieved high levels and later gone on to represent national first-class teams as well as top state-wide clubs. The city once used to host a large football ground, which was generally maintained by the mayor of the city and the town committee as well as prominent members of the city community. However, the municipality later demolished the ground and constructed a Rahi Football Ground, Government High School, Khanpur, Rahim Yar Khan-64100, much to the dismay of some people and their demands.

Football has become the most popular sports of the city and elder and younger take special interest in it. Several tournaments are held after regular intervals. There are three main football clubs in khanpur.

  • Rahi Football Club (Previously known as Karwan Football Club)
  • White Eagles Football Club
  • Pakistan Football Club

Entertainment[edit]

Telefilms and dramas[edit]

Dramas and Telefilms are very popular in Khan Pur. There are many producers, actors and actresses that play a key role in making Saraiki Telefilms and Stage Dramas.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

IQRA Public School Khanpur