Khanty-Mansiysk

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Khanty-Mansiysk (English)
Ханты-Мансийск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Map of Russia - Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (2008-03).svg
Location of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug in Russia
Khanty-Mansiysk is located in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Khanty-Mansiysk
Khanty-Mansiysk
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Khanty-Mansiysk in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Coordinates: 61°00′N 69°00′E / 61.000°N 69.000°E / 61.000; 69.000Coordinates: 61°00′N 69°00′E / 61.000°N 69.000°E / 61.000; 69.000
Coat of Arms of Khanty-Mansiysk.svg
Flag of Khanty-Mansiysk.svg
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of December 2009)
Country Russia
Federal subject Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug[1]
Administratively subordinated to town of okrug significance of Khanty-Mansiysk[1]
Administrative center of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug,[citation needed] Khanty-Mansiysky District,[1] town of okrug significance of Khanty-Mansiysk[1]
Municipal status (as of December 2009)
Urban okrug Khanty-Mansiysk Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Khanty-Mansiysk Urban Okrug,[2] Khanty-Mansiysky Municipal District[2]
Mayor[3] Vasily Filipenko[3]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 80,151 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 207th
Time zone YEKT (UTC+06:00)[5]
Founded 1930[citation needed]
Town status since 1950[citation needed]
Previous names Ostyako-Vogulsk (until 1940)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[6] 628000
Dialing code(s) +7 3467[citation needed]
Official website
Khanty-Mansiysk on WikiCommons

Khanty-Mansiysk (Russian: Ха́нты-Манси́йск, lit. Khanty-Mansi Town; Khanty: Ёмвош; Mansi: Абга) is an oil boom town and the administrative center of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, located on the eastern bank of the Irtysh River, 15 kilometers (9.3 mi) from its confluence with the Ob. Population: 80,151 (2010 Census);[4] 53,953 (2002 Census);[7] 34,462 (1989 Census).[8]

History[edit]

It was founded in 1930 as a work settlement of Ostyako-Vogulsk (Остяко-Вогульск) after the obsolete names of Ostyaks and Voguls for the Khanty and Mansi peoples.[citation needed] In 1940, it was renamed Khanty-Mansiysk, and it was granted town status in 1950, merging with the village of Samarovo, known since the 16th century, along the way.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Khanty-Mansiysk is the administrative center of the autonomous okrug[citation needed] and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it also serves as the administrative center of Khanty-Mansiysky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of okrug significance of Khanty-Mansiysk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of okrug significance of Khanty-Mansiysk is incorporated as Khanty-Mansiysk Urban Okrug.[2]

Economy[edit]

Today Khanty-Mansiysk is a flourishing town, which in recent years has received considerable foreign investment. For example, in 2007, the English architect Norman Foster signed an agreement to build a 280-meter (920 ft) high skyscraper in an attractive part of the town. When it is built, the Crystal Skyscraper will be one of the tallest buildings in Russia. Besides this, the Dutch architect Erick van Egeraat is planning to build a business complex in the town center.

Transportation[edit]

The airline UTair Aviation has its head office on the property of Khanty-Mansiysk Airport in Khanty-Mansiysk.[9]

Climate[edit]

Khanty-Mansiysk experiences a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc). The climate is extreme, with temperatures as low as −49 °C (−56 °F) and as high as +34.5 °C (94.1 °F). On average, however, the region is very cold, with an average temperature of −1.1 °C (30.0 °F). Precipitation tends to be fairly low; 553 millimeters (21.8 in) per year, which is heavier in the summer than in the winter. The average wind speed is 2.4 meters per second (7.9 ft/s), and the average humidity is 77%.

Khanty-Mansiysk
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
30
 
−15
−23
 
 
21
 
−14
−22
 
 
20
 
−4
−13
 
 
30
 
4
−6
 
 
49
 
13
3
 
 
66
 
20
11
 
 
75
 
23
14
 
 
75
 
19
11
 
 
60
 
12
4
 
 
52
 
4
−2
 
 
39
 
−7
−14
 
 
36
 
−13
−21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Climate data for Khanty-Mansiysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 2.7
(36.9)
4.5
(40.1)
13.0
(55.4)
25.1
(77.2)
34.5
(94.1)
34.5
(94.1)
34.5
(94.1)
31.6
(88.9)
27.3
(81.1)
20.4
(68.7)
8.7
(47.7)
3.1
(37.6)
34.5
(94.1)
Average high °C (°F) −14.9
(5.2)
−13.6
(7.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
3.7
(38.7)
12.9
(55.2)
20.2
(68.4)
23.0
(73.4)
18.9
(66)
11.8
(53.2)
3.5
(38.3)
−7.1
(19.2)
−12.8
(9)
3.5
(38.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) −18.9
(−2)
−17.3
(0.9)
−8.1
(17.4)
−1.2
(29.8)
7.4
(45.3)
15.2
(59.4)
18.3
(64.9)
14.5
(58.1)
7.8
(46)
0.5
(32.9)
−10.4
(13.3)
−16.8
(1.8)
−0.75
(30.65)
Average low °C (°F) −22.9
(−9.2)
−21.6
(−6.9)
−12.7
(9.1)
−5.5
(22.1)
2.8
(37)
10.9
(51.6)
14.0
(57.2)
10.6
(51.1)
4.4
(39.9)
−2.3
(27.9)
−13.6
(7.5)
−20.9
(−5.6)
−4.7
(23.5)
Record low °C (°F) −49
(−56)
−46.5
(−51.7)
−40.1
(−40.2)
−31.3
(−24.3)
−14.9
(5.2)
−4.6
(23.7)
1.2
(34.2)
−1
(30)
−7.5
(18.5)
−28.6
(−19.5)
−43.4
(−46.1)
−49
(−56)
−49
(−56)
Precipitation mm (inches) 32
(1.26)
22
(0.87)
27
(1.06)
29
(1.14)
46
(1.81)
55
(2.17)
61
(2.4)
83
(3.27)
55
(2.17)
45
(1.77)
39
(1.54)
36
(1.42)
530
(20.87)
Avg. rainy days 0.4 1 3 10 17 18 17 20 21 15 4 1 127.4
Avg. snowy days 27 25 20 15 7 1 0.03 0.1 3 16 25 27 166.13
 % humidity 83 81 76 69 65 66 71 78 81 83 85 84 76.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 31 100 174 206 250 289 304 219 140 79 44 10 1,846
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[10]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961–1990)[11]

Sports[edit]

Khanty-Mansiysk is a skiing and alpine skiing center of global importance. Biathlon World Cup competitions are annually held in the city, and tourism infrastructure has been developed here quite well. The city was the venue of the 2003 and 2011 Biathlon World Championships, and in 2005 the first Mixed Biathlon Relay Championships took place here, and again in 2010. The 2011 IPC Biathlon and Cross-Country Skiing World Championships where skiers with a physical disability compete, took place in Khanty-Mansiysk in March–April 2011 as well.

Fifteen hotels offer their services to tourists since 2005. All of them are fully booked during Biathlon World Cups, regional and All-Russia conferences, etc., so it is practically impossible to book a room in a hotel during these events. In 2007 during the Biathlon World Cup Final 65,000 tourists visited the Nordic Ski Centre in Khanty-Mansiysk, which is equal to the overall population of Khanty-Mansiysk.

Khanty-Mansiysk is home to HC Yugra of the Kontinental Hockey League.

The city includes the Ugra Chess Academy, which has been the venue of the 2010 Chess Olympiad and the Women's World Chess Championship 2012. In 2010, the Olympic Hotel was built just to house the players in the Olympiad. It also hosted the 2005 Chess World Cup, the 2007 Chess World Cup, the 2009 Chess World Cup and the 2011 Chess World Cup. It hosted the World Rapid and Blitz Championship in 2013 and the 2014 Candidates Tournament.

Miscellaneous[edit]

A bridge crossing the Irtysh River was opened in Khanty-Mansiysk in 2004. The bridge consists of fourteen spans and has a total length of 1,315.9 meters (4,317 ft). Its main span is 231-meter (758 ft) long.

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #43-oz
  2. ^ a b c d Law #63-oz
  3. ^ a b http://www.admhmansy.ru/rule/glava/
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ "2010 Annual Report." (Archive) UTair Aviation. 58. Retrieved on 27 February 2012. "Airport, Khanti-Mansiysk, Tyumen region, 628012 Russian Federation". - Russian (Archive): "628012, Российская Федерация, город Ханты-Мансийск, аэропорт"
  10. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net" (in Russian). Weather and Climate. Retrieved October 6, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Climate Normals for Hanty-Mansijsk". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 19, 2013. 

Sources[edit]

  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №43-оз от 7 июля 2004 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и порядке его изменения», в ред. Закона №127-оз от 9 ноября 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры и порядке его изменения"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №83, 17 июля 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #43-oz of July 7, 2004 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on the Procedures for Its Change, as amended by the Law #127-oz of November 9, 2012 On Amending the Law of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra and on the Procedures for Its Change". Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date.).
  • Дума Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры. Закон №63-оз от 25 ноября 2004 г. «О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры», в ред. Закона №73-оз от 25 июня 2012 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры "О статусе и границах муниципальных образований Ханты-Мансийского автономного округа — Югры"». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования и до 1 января 2006 года применяется в целях реализации статей 84, 85 Федерального закона от 06.10.2003 №131-ФЗ. Опубликован: "Новости Югры", №143, 7 декабря 2004 г. (Duma of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra. Law #63-oz of November 25, 2004 On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra, as amended by the Law #73-oz of June 25, 2012 On Amending the Law of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra "On the Status and Borders of the Municipal Formations of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug—Yugra". Effective as of the day which after ten days after the official publication date; also in effect until January 1, 2006 in order to meet the requirements of Articles 84, 85 of the Federal Law #131-FZ of October 6, 2003.).

External links[edit]