Kharkiv Oblast

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Kharkiv Oblast
Харківська область
Kharkivs’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Kharkiv Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Kharkiv Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Харківщина (Kharkivshchyna)
Map of Ukraine political simple Oblast Charkiw.png
Coordinates: 49°35′N 36°26′E / 49.59°N 36.43°E / 49.59; 36.43Coordinates: 49°35′N 36°26′E / 49.59°N 36.43°E / 49.59; 36.43
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Kharkiv
Government
 • Governor Ihor Baluta[1]
 • Oblast council ? seats
Area
 • Total 31,415 km2 (12,129 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 4th
Population (September 1, 2013[2])
 • Total Decrease 2,733,694
 • Rank Ranked 3rd
Demographics
 • Official language(s) Ukrainian, Russian
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code ?
Area code +380-57
ISO 3166 code UA-63
Raions 27
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
17
7
Urban-type settlements 61
Villages 1683
FIPS 10-4 UP07
Website www.kharkivoda.gov.ua

Kharkiv Oblast (Ukrainian: Харківська область, translit. Kharkivs’ka oblast’; also referred to as KharkivshchynaUkrainian: Харківщина, Russian: Харьковская область, translit. Khar’kovskaya oblast’) is an oblast (province) in eastern Ukraine. The oblast borders Russia to the north, Luhansk Oblast to the east, Donetsk Oblast to the south-east, Dnipropetrovsk Oblast to the south-west, Poltava Oblast to the west and Sumy Oblast to the north-west. The area of the oblast is 31,400 km², corresponding to 5.2% of the total territory of Ukraine.

The oblast is the third most populous province of Ukraine, with a population of 2,857,751 in 2004, more than half (1.5 million) of whom live in the city of Kharkiv, the oblast's administrative center. While the Russian language is primarily spoken in the cities of Kharkiv oblast, elsewhere in the oblast most inhabitants speak Ukrainian.

History[edit]

The territory of the Kharkiv oblast has been permanently inhabited since at least the late Paleolithic period (10,000–12,000 years ago) but archaeological evidence indicates a human (Neanderthal) presence as early as the Mousterian period some 80,000 years ago.

The territory was relatively sparsely inhabited until the 1630s, when large numbers of Ukrainians began to settle there before and during the Khmelnytsky Uprising. Most of the settlers were migrants from the Dnieper region, many of whom were fleeing fighting between Cossacks, Poles and Tatars. They called the newly settled region the Sloboda Ukraine or Slobozhanshchina (as the area is still sometimes called) and ruled it from the newly established fortress-city of Kharkiv (founded 1654). In 1654, the region was incorporated into Muscovy (and subsequently the Russian Empire) under the terms of the Treaty of Pereyaslav.

Over the next centuries, the area became heavily Russified. Kharkov Governorate (Russian: Ха́рьковская губе́рния) was established in 1797 as a governorate of the Russian Empire and disestablished in 1919. Kharkiv itself became one of the cultural and administrative centres of the Russian Empire in the mid-18th century, and served as the capital of the Ukrainian SSR from 1919 until 1934.

During the Civil War, on June 25, 1919, the whiteguards created military Kharkiv Oblast of the Armed Forces of South Russia (Харьковская область (ВСЮР)). On December 12, 1919 the Oblast was disestablished giving its place back to the Kharkov Governorate (1919–1923).

The administrative unit of the Kharkov Governorate was initially preserved in early years of Soviet Ukraine (from 1922 a constituent republic of the USSR) with some territorial changes.

During the Soviet administrative reform of 1923–1929, in 1925, the Kharkov Governorate was abolished and a part of it became subordinate to the capital (Kharkov) of the Ukrainian SSR until 1932.

The modern Kharkiv oblast is a relatively recent creation, having been established on 27 February 1932. During the Holodomor the population of the Kharkiv Oblast together with Kiev Oblast suffered the most. The region saw major fighting during World War II in several Battles of Kharkov between 1941 and 1943.

Points of interest[edit]

The following sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics[edit]

Its population in 2001 was 2,895,800 million (1,328,900 males (45,9%) and 1,566,900 females (54,1%)).

At the 2001 census, the ethnic groups within the Kharkiv Oblast were:

the groups by native language:

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 12.6% Increase (male 177,464/female 167,321)
15-64 years: 72.2% Decrease (male 945,695/female 1,024,841)
65 years and over: 15.2% Steady (male 135,737/female 277,725) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 40.5 years Increase
male: 36.9 years Steady
female: 44.1 years Increase (2013 official)

Economy[edit]

The Kharkiv oblast has a primarily industrially based economy, including engineering, metallurgy, manufacturing, production of chemicals and food processing. It also has an important agricultural sector with 19,000 square kilometres of arable land (comprising 5.9% of the total arable lands of Ukraine).

Also in Kharkiv is the Airplane plant for space controlling systems. It is a major center for all branches of engineering, from large-scale manufacture to microelectronics. Also situated in Kharkiv Oblast is a gas field, which is one of the biggest in Ukraine.

Subdivisions[edit]

Detailed map of Kharkiv Oblast.

The Kharkiv Oblast is administratively subdivided into 27 raions (districts), as well as 7 cities (municipalities) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government: Chuhuiv, Izium, Kupiansk, Liubotyn, Lozova, Pervomaiskyi, and the administrative center of the oblast, Kharkiv.

Raions of the Kharkiv Oblast
In English In Ukrainian Administrative Center
Balakliyskyi Raion Балаклійський район
Balakliys'kyi raion
Balakliia
(City)
Barvinkivskyi Raion Барвінківський район
Barvinkivs'kyi raion
Barvinkove
(City)
Blyzniukivskyi Raion Близнюківський район
Blyzniukivs'kyi raion
Blyzniuky
(Urban-type settlement)
Bohodukhivskyi Raion Богодухівський район
Bohodukhivs'kyi raion
Bohodukhiv
(City)
Borivskyi Raion Борівський район
Borivs'kyi raion
Borova
(Urban-type settlement)
Chuhuivskyi Raion Чугуївський район
Chuhuivs'kyi raion
Chuhuiv
(City)
Derhachivskyi Raion Дергачівський район
Derhachivs'kyi raion
Derhachi
(City)
Dvorichanskyi Raion Дворічанський район
Dvorichans'kyi raion
Dvorichna
(Urban-type settlement)
Iziumskyi Raion Ізюмський район
Iziums'kyi raion
Izyum
(City)
Kehychivskyi Raion Кегичівський район
Kehychivs'kyi raion
Kehychivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Kharkivskyi Raion Харківський район
Kharkivs'kyi raion
Kharkiv
(City)
Kolomatskyi Raion Коломацький район
Kolomats'kyi raion
Kolomak
(Urban-type settlement)
Krasnohradskyi Raion Красноградський район
Krasnohrads'kyi raion
Krasnohrad
(City)
Krasnokutskyi Raion Краснокутський район
Krasnokuts'kyi raion
Krasnokutsk
(Urban-type settlement)
Kupyanskyi Raion Куп'янський район
Kupyans'kyi raion
Kupiansk
(City)
Lozivskyi Raion Лозівський район
Lozivs'kyi raion
Lozova
(City)
Novovodolazkyi Raion Нововодолазький район
Novovodolaz'kyi raion
Nova Vodolaha
(Urban-type settlement)
Pechenizkyi Raion Печенізький район
Pecheniz'kyi raion
Pechenihy
(Urban-type settlement)
Pervomaiskyi Raion Первомайський район
Pervomais'kyi raion
Pervomaiskyi
(City)
Sakhnovshchynskyi Raion Сахновщинський район
Sakhnovshchyns'kyi raion
Sakhnovshchyna
(Urban-type settlement)
Shevchenkivskyi Raion Шевченківський район
Shevchenkivs'kyi raion
Shevchenkove
(Urban-type settlement)
Valkivskyi Raion Валківський район
Valkivs'kyi raion
Valky
(City)
Velykoburlutskyi Raion Великобурлуцький район
Velykoburluts'kyi raion
Velykyi Burluk
(Urban-type settlement)
Vovchanskyi Raion Вовчанський район
Vovchans'kyi raion
Vovchansk
(City)
Zachepylivskyi Raion Зачепилівський район
Zachepylivs'kyi raion
Zachepylivka
(Urban-type settlement)
Zmiivskyi Raion Зміївський район
Zmiyivs'kyi raion
Zmiiv
(City)
Zolochivskyi Raion Золочівський район
Zolochivs'kyi raion
Zolochiv
(Urban-type settlement)

Nomenclature[edit]

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Kharkiv is the center of the Kharkivs’ka oblast’ (Kharkiv Oblast). Most oblasts are also sometimes referred to in a feminine noun form, following the convention of traditional regional place names, ending with the suffix "-shchyna", as is the case with the Kharkiv Oblast, Kharkivshchyna.

Sport[edit]

It has a regional federation within Ukrainian Bandy and Rink bandy Federation.[1]

Notes[edit]

External links[edit]