|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (June 2011)|
History and origin
The Kharwa are fishing community distributed throughout the coastal areas of Saurashtra, Kutch Coastal region(Mandvi, Mundra & Gandhidham. Its is believed that Kharwa originated from Rajasthan, and migrated during the tenth century to the coast. They then took up fishing, which they learnt from the Koli community. Many of them claim to be Rajputs, and call themselves Solankis.
Fishing remains the traditional occupation of the community. They catch fish from the Arabian Sea, using their traditional crafts. Historically, many Kharwas were pirates, and raided as far the Persian Gulf. Many now have mechanized boats, and set up different co-operative societies. The community are Hindu, and many now belong to the Swami Narayan sect. They are divided into two groupings, the Goghla Kharwa and Koli Kharwa, both of which are endogamous. The former claims Rajput ancestry, while the latter claim to be Kolis.<ref name="People_of_India_Guj_
- People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 652-657