Khasab

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Khasab
Town
Central square of Khasab
Central square of Khasab
Khasab is located in Oman
Khasab
Khasab
Location in Oman
Coordinates: 26°11′N 56°15′E / 26.183°N 56.250°E / 26.183; 56.250
Country  Oman
Governorate Musandam Governorate
Population (2003)
 • Total 17,730
Time zone +4 (UTC+4)

Khasab (Arabic: خصب‎) is a city in an exclave of Oman bordering the United Arab Emirates. It is the local capital of the Musandam peninsula and is dubbed the "Norway of Arabia".[1][2][3][4]

History[edit]

The Portuguese built Khasab at the beginning of the 17th century at the height of their naval presence in the region. The natural harbor gave shelter from tough seas. Unlike many forts, which were built on high ground for defensive purposes, Khasab was designed as a supply point for dates and water for Portuguese ships sailing through the strait. Today, Khasab is protected from floods by three large dams.[5]

Economy[edit]

Access to the area by land was virtually impossible until a modern coast road was built, which allows fast access from the United Arab Emirates, making Khasab a popular weekend destination for people living in the Emirates. The new road also allows access to the village of Tawi, where prehistoric drawings of boats, animals and warriors can be seen in the rock face.[5] Khasab also has a number of modern shopping areas with imported Irani goods and locally created pottery, and a few hotels, including the Khasab Hotel and Golden Tulip Hotel, which sits on a cliff overlooking the gulf.[4]

Khasab has an interesting trading position, which hinges on its proximity to Iran. Iranians import sheep and goats into the local port, from where the animals are dispatched to the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia in trucks. On their return trip to the Islamic Republic, the sailors load their boats up with electronic goods and American cigarettes, arriving in Khasab after sunrise and leave before sunset to conform with Omani immigration laws. Since the trading is illegal under Iranian law, they must avoid the Islamic Republic's coastguard as well as all other shipping in the busy waters of the Strait of Hormuz. The crossing is hazardous since the vessels, piled high either with livestock or with numerous boxes must avoid the path of the scores of oil-tankers which pass through the Strait in a transverse direction daily.[5] Recent increases of United States sanctions against Iran have increased the amount of smuggling done through Khasab.[6]

Climate[edit]

Khasab has a hot desert climate (Köppen climate classification BWh) with very hot summers and mild winters. Precipitation is low, and mostly falls from December to March.

The Airport of Khasab, located few miles inland from the coast, on 27 June 2011, recorded the world calendar day highest minimum temperature of 41.2°C (106.2°F) until Death Valley, California broke the record by 0.5°C (about 1°F) on July 12, 2012.[7]

Climate data for Khasab
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 30.8
(87.4)
32.0
(89.6)
37.5
(99.5)
43.0
(109.4)
46.2
(115.2)
49.0
(120.2)
47.7
(117.9)
47.5
(117.5)
44.0
(111.2)
41.4
(106.5)
36.0
(96.8)
31.0
(87.8)
49
(120.2)
Average high °C (°F) 24.4
(75.9)
24.9
(76.8)
28.0
(82.4)
33.5
(92.3)
37.8
(100)
39.2
(102.6)
39.8
(103.6)
38.6
(101.5)
37.2
(99)
34.5
(94.1)
30.2
(86.4)
25.9
(78.6)
32.83
(91.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 20.2
(68.4)
20.8
(69.4)
23.8
(74.8)
28.7
(83.7)
32.8
(91)
34.4
(93.9)
35.3
(95.5)
34.7
(94.5)
33.1
(91.6)
30.1
(86.2)
25.7
(78.3)
21.7
(71.1)
28.44
(83.2)
Average low °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
16.2
(61.2)
19.4
(66.9)
23.9
(75)
27.9
(82.2)
30.0
(86)
31.3
(88.3)
31.1
(88)
29.3
(84.7)
25.5
(77.9)
20.9
(69.6)
17.3
(63.1)
24.03
(75.25)
Record low °C (°F) 10.5
(50.9)
10.0
(50)
10.0
(50)
15.5
(59.9)
21.5
(70.7)
25.0
(77)
23.8
(74.8)
27.0
(80.6)
22.0
(71.6)
16.0
(60.8)
12.0
(53.6)
8.4
(47.1)
8.4
(47.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 44.8
(1.764)
49.1
(1.933)
46.3
(1.823)
8.8
(0.346)
1.9
(0.075)
0.0
(0)
0.8
(0.031)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
0.0
(0)
2.9
(0.114)
32.1
(1.264)
186.7
(7.35)
 % humidity 63 66 62 53 60 63 66 70 69 63 61 62 63.2
Source: NOAA (1961-1990) [8]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Khasab, Oman Air. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  2. ^ Musandam is a glimpse of the real Arabia, Travel Weekly. Published September 28, 2006. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  3. ^ A Mountain Of Thirst, Outlook. Published February 2, 2004. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  4. ^ a b Karim, Rose Yasmin. Fjords & flippers, The Star. Published February 21, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  5. ^ a b c Wells, Rhona. The Norway of Arabia, The Middle East. Published February 1, 2004. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  6. ^ al Shaibany, Saleb. US sanctions help Omani fishermen survive as smugglers, The National. Published November 1, 2009. Retrieved November 11, 2009.
  7. ^ June 2011 Global Weather Extremes Summary [1], Weather Underground. Published September 8, 2011. Retrieved September 8, 2011
  8. ^ "Khasab Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 15, 2013. 

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 26°11′N 56°15′E / 26.183°N 56.250°E / 26.183; 56.250