Khatanga, Russia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Khatanga (disambiguation).
Khatanga (English)
Хатанга (Russian)
-  Rural locality  -
Map of Russia - Krasnoyarsk Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnoyarsk Krai in Russia
Khatanga is located in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Khatanga
Khatanga
Magnify-clip.png
Location of Khatanga in Krasnoyarsk Krai
Coordinates: 71°58′47″N 102°28′22″E / 71.97972°N 102.47278°E / 71.97972; 102.47278Coordinates: 71°58′47″N 102°28′22″E / 71.97972°N 102.47278°E / 71.97972; 102.47278
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnoyarsk Krai
Statistics
Population (2002 Census) 2,450 inhabitants[1]
Time zone KRAT (UTC+08:00)[2]
Khatanga on WikiCommons
Khatanga's post office

Khatanga (Russian: Хатанга) is a rural locality (a selo) located on the Khatanga River, on the Taymyr Peninsula, in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, south of the Arctic Ocean. It is one of the northernmost inhabited localities in Russia. Its elevation is 98 feet (30 m) above sea level. Its population is 3,450 (2002 Census).

The name Khatanga means "large water" in the local Evenki language. The locality is known to have existed since the 17th century. It is served by the Khatanga Airport.

Khatanga is sometimes visited by Western sightseers touring the surrounding natural wilderness in Siberia. Amenities in Khatanga include an airport, a hotel, a natural history museum, and weather reporting stations.

Khatanga is relatively close to the Popigai crater, an asteroid crater and geological formation located in northern Siberia. The crater has been noted since September 2012 as a potential source of a significant new global supply of industrial diamonds.

Climate[edit]

Khatanga has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc) with short, mild summers and bitterly cold winters. Precipitation is quite low, but is somewhat heavier in summer, when it falls mostly as rain, than in the rest of the year, when it falls mostly as snow.

Climate data for Khatanga
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.8
(38.8)
8.8
(47.8)
20.4
(68.7)
32.9
(91.2)
36.7
(98.1)
29.9
(85.8)
24.2
(75.6)
11.9
(53.4)
2.2
(36)
−0.2
(31.6)
36.7
(98.1)
Average high °C (°F) −27.6
(−17.7)
−27.7
(−17.9)
−21
(−6)
−11.6
(11.1)
−2.2
(28)
9.9
(49.8)
17.2
(63)
13.7
(56.7)
4.9
(40.8)
−8.5
(16.7)
−20.8
(−5.4)
−25.5
(−13.9)
−8.27
(17.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −31.5
(−24.7)
−31.7
(−25.1)
−26.1
(−15)
−17.3
(0.9)
−6.2
(20.8)
5.7
(42.3)
12.5
(54.5)
9.4
(48.9)
1.8
(35.2)
−11.8
(10.8)
−24.6
(−12.3)
−29.5
(−21.1)
−12.44
(9.6)
Average low °C (°F) −35.5
(−31.9)
−35.3
(−31.5)
−30.6
(−23.1)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−10.1
(13.8)
2.6
(36.7)
8.6
(47.5)
5.6
(42.1)
−0.9
(30.4)
−15.1
(4.8)
−28.3
(−18.9)
−33.4
(−28.1)
−16.24
(2.78)
Record low °C (°F) −59
(−74)
−55.9
(−68.6)
−52.4
(−62.3)
−42.9
(−45.2)
−30.9
(−23.6)
−14.3
(6.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
−3.2
(26.2)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−39.9
(−39.8)
−51
(−60)
−58.7
(−73.7)
−59
(−74)
Precipitation mm (inches) 14
(0.55)
11
(0.43)
14
(0.55)
14
(0.55)
17
(0.67)
29
(1.14)
41
(1.61)
43
(1.69)
31
(1.22)
29
(1.14)
21
(0.83)
19
(0.75)
283
(11.13)
Avg. rainy days 0 0 0.1 0.6 4 14 16 19 15 4 0.1 0.1 72.9
Avg. snowy days 21 20 20 19 17 4 0 0.2 7 23 23 22 176.2
 % humidity 76 78 78 78 79 73 70 78 83 84 81 77 77.9
Mean monthly sunshine hours 0.0 23.0 151.0 267.0 264.0 262.0 308.0 195.0 88.0 43.0 3.0 0.0 1,604
Source #1: Pogoda.ru.net[3] June record high[4]
Source #2: NOAA (sun only, 1961-1990)[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net - Climate Data for Hatanga" (in Russian). Retrieved November 18, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Pogoda.ru.net - Weather for Hatanga" (in Russian). Retrieved June 19, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Hatanga Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 18, 2013.