Khatgal, Khövsgöl

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Khatgal District
Хатгал сум
ᠬᠠᠳᠭᠠᠯᠰᠤᠮᠤ
District
Khatgal, August 2008
Khatgal, August 2008
Country Mongolia
Province Khövsgöl Province
Time zone UTC + 8 (UTC+8)

Khatgal (Mongolian: Хатгал, ᠬᠠᠳᠭᠠᠯ) is a village in Mongolia on the southern tip of Lake Khövsgöl. Khatgal has an airstrip and a small port, plus a school and a post/telecom office. There is a wooden bridge nearby over the Eg River.

History[edit]

Khatgal was founded in 1727 as a camp of the Mongolian watch post system. By 1910, a small settlement had formed, mainly through trade with Russia. In 1914 a telegraph connection was established from the Russian border town Mondy to Uliastai via Khatgal, and in 1921 about 150 Russian settlers lived here.

In the same year, Khatgal became an administrative center in the region. In 1931 it became the center of the newly established Khövsgöl Aimag, but shortly afterwards in 1933 the administration moved to Mörön.

The town had about 7000 inhabitants and a power plant in 1990, but the dry-up of transport routes and the closure of a local wool factory have led to high migration rates, leaving only 3,756 inhabitants in 1994 and 2,498 inhabitants in the 2000 census. The latest official population estimate is 2,796 (December 31, 2006 [1]). Khatgal also lost its status as a town and is now administratively part of Alag-Erdene Sum. In 2007, Khatgal was connected to the Mongolian central power grid and to cell phone services.

Mongolian MP and former health minister Lamjavyn Gündalai was born in Khatgal.

Economy[edit]

Since Khatgal is a good jump-off point for the many small ger camps along the West coast of Lake Khövsgöl, tourism is now one of the main branches of the local economy. In 2007, a new airport building was completed [2]. MIAT Mongolian Airlines lists the town on its domestic schedule.

Climate[edit]

Khatgal experiences a subarctic climate (Köppen Dwc) with very long, very dry, frigid winters and short, mild, relatively wet summers.

Climate data for Khatgal
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) -0.0
(32)
5.4
(41.7)
15.5
(59.9)
22.4
(72.3)
27.0
(80.6)
29.7
(85.5)
28.4
(83.1)
30.4
(86.7)
24.7
(76.5)
20.2
(68.4)
9.3
(48.7)
6.9
(44.4)
30.4
(86.7)
Average high °C (°F) −15.7
(3.7)
−11.6
(11.1)
−3.5
(25.7)
4.7
(40.5)
12.9
(55.2)
17.7
(63.9)
18.5
(65.3)
17.2
(63)
12.5
(54.5)
3.7
(38.7)
−6.3
(20.7)
−13.4
(7.9)
3.1
(37.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) −23.2
(−9.8)
−21.0
(−5.8)
−12.8
(9)
−3.4
(25.9)
4.7
(40.5)
9.9
(49.8)
11.6
(52.9)
10.2
(50.4)
4.3
(39.7)
−4.6
(23.7)
−13.7
(7.3)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−4.89
(23.2)
Average low °C (°F) −30.0
(−22)
−28.8
(−19.8)
−21.5
(−6.7)
−10.6
(12.9)
−3.5
(25.7)
2.3
(36.1)
5.6
(42.1)
3.8
(38.8)
−2.7
(27.1)
−11.3
(11.7)
−20.7
(−5.3)
−26.6
(−15.9)
−12
(10)
Record low °C (°F) −46.5
(−51.7)
−44.5
(−48.1)
−41.5
(−42.7)
−29.0
(−20.2)
−17.6
(0.3)
−8.6
(16.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
−6.7
(19.9)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−37.6
(−35.7)
−39.8
(−39.6)
−44.2
(−47.6)
−46.5
(−51.7)
Precipitation mm (inches) 1.2
(0.047)
0.9
(0.035)
2.3
(0.091)
8.4
(0.331)
16.1
(0.634)
52.6
(2.071)
83.0
(3.268)
72.8
(2.866)
36.2
(1.425)
11.6
(0.457)
5.6
(0.22)
1.0
(0.039)
291.7
(11.484)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 0.6 0.3 0.8 2.0 3.4 7.5 11.4 9.5 5.6 2.4 1.4 0.4 45.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 184.0 204.9 269.6 277.6 309.9 290.6 264.5 258.7 242.6 224.0 176.5 160.7 2,863.6
Source: NOAA (1963-1990) [1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 50°26′22″N 100°09′42″E / 50.43944°N 100.16167°E / 50.43944; 100.16167