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"Khwaja" redirects here. For the city in Iran, see Khajeh. For the village in Iran, see Bagh-e Khvajeh.

Khawaja or Khwaja (Persian: خواجهkhvājeh, in Arabic: خواجةkhawājah) is a title used in the Middle East, South Asia, and Central Asia. It means Master, Lord, the title is also closely related to other terms in Sufism. Originally an honorific, it later became common as a surname. The spellings Hodja or Hoca (Turkish), Hodžić (Bosnian), Hoxha (Albanian), Hodža (Slovak), Hotzakis (Greek), and Al-Khawaja[1] are also used.

The Persian word Hodja (خواجه) is also used to refer to those who have "wisdom" as well as "knowledge". In Arabic they are called "ârif" (عارف), which is different from "âlim" (عالِم) (a very knowledgeable person). An "ârif" has a virtue of "irfan" (wisdom)that is closely associated with deep insight into and reflection on the entities, which is known to be the "profound and deeper knowledge of the things" (or the truth about the things). This insight and reflection is said to be revealed through the practice of Sufism (sayr al-sulûq) and manifests itself with refined moral behaviour and wisdom. A privileged and prestigious group of Hodjas like Rûmi, Suhreverdî, Rabbanî, Gilanî or Bahaeddin are called "hacegân" (خواجه) who are also the figures mostly concerned with Sufism, hikmet (حكمت) and spiritual wisdom.

People using the name[edit]

Mughal emperors gave title of khawaja to different tribes of India and Pakistan specially to the tribes of Kashmir due to their services to mughals in fields of Army and civil Administration.Significant figures with the name, or using the title Khawaja include:



See also[edit]

  • Khwajagan, a chain of Central Asian Naqshbandi Sufi Masters from the 10th to the 16th century
  • Khoja (Turkestan), a title of the descendants of the Central Asian Naqshbandi Sufi teacher, Ahmad Kasani
  • Hoca, Turkish spelling of Khawaja
  • Hoxha, Albanian surname
  • Hodžić, Bosniak surname


  1. ^ Al Rehanad (book of Origins)