Kheda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Kheda district.
"Kaira" redirects here. For the spider genus, see Kaira (genus).
Traj
city
Traj is located in Gujarat
Traj
Traj
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 22°45′N 72°41′E / 22.75°N 72.68°E / 22.75; 72.68Coordinates: 22°45′N 72°41′E / 22.75°N 72.68°E / 22.75; 72.68
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Kheda
Elevation 21 m (69 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 24,034
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Kheda is a town and a municipality in Kheda district in the Indian state of Gujarat. Kheda, also known as Kaira, is 35 km from Ahmedabad. The National Highway no. 8 connecting Ahmedabad and Mumbai passes through Kheda. It forms the administrative center of Kheda District.

History[edit]

The town of Kheda passed to the Babi family early in the eighteenth century, with whom it remained until 1763, when it was taken by the Marathas. The Marathas ceded the district to the British in 1803, and it became part of the Bombay Presidency of British India. It was a large military station until 1830, when the cantonment was removed to Deesa. Gujjars established many villages in the Kheda District area, as did Jats and other groups.

Kheda is also where Gandhi, starting March 1919, launched the Satyagraha struggle against oppressive taxation by the British during a time of famine.

Kheda is on the bank of the river "Vatrak" and "Shedhi".

Geography[edit]

Kheda is located at 22°45′N 72°41′E / 22.75°N 72.68°E / 22.75; 72.68.[1] It has an average elevation of 21 metres (68 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Kheda had a population of 24,034. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kheda has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 77%, and female literacy is 63%. In Kheda, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

The clans of Jats in Gujarat are similar to those of Jats of North India. The following clans are found in the Kheda District. The way they are written in Gujarati is given in brackets.[3] Kheda District is one of few districts in Gujarat with a Jat population (BanasKantha, Mehsana, SabarKantha, Kutchh, etc.)[4]

  • Chauhan, Chawan, Chahar (Chauhan)[4]
  • Gaur, Goru (Gaur, Gor)[4]
  • Godara-Godha (Goda)[4]
  • Gulia (Galia)[4]
  • Maan (Manar)[4]

Rajputs in this District are usually of the Chauhan clan. Rajputs have had a huge influence in this area as well as the state of Gujarat in general. There are Vohra/Vora Gujjar populations also.

Many of the villages have names based on the clans of Jats who inhabited them. These are some of those clans:

  • Sunda(jat)
  • Odasi(jat)
  • Narwar(jat)
  • Pichkya(jat)

Nadiad - Santram Temple, DDIT (Dharamsinh Desai Institute of Technology)

Attractions[edit]

There is one temple of Meldi Mata in Kheda, which holds an annual fair in February. Around 100000 people visit Kheda for this event.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kheda
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ VP Desai's book "Bharat ke chaudhary" (Bharatna Anjana)
  4. ^ a b c d e f Mahaveer Singh Verma: Jat Veer Smarika 1992 – "Jat Samaj Ahmedabad"