Khenti-Amentiu, also Khentiamentiu, Khenti-Amenti, Kenti-Amentiu and many other spellings, is an ancient Egyptian deity whose name was also used as a title for Osiris and Anubis. The name means 'Foremost of the Westerners' or 'Chief or the Westerners', where 'Westerners' refers to the dead.
Khenti-Amentiu was depicted as a jackal-headed deity at Abydos in Upper Egypt, who stood guard over the city of the dead. Khenti-Amentiu is attested early at Abydos, perhaps even earlier than the unification of Egypt at the start of the Early Dynastic period. The name appears on the necropolis seals for the first dynasty pharaohs Den and Qa'a, and a temple dating to predynastic times was founded in Abydos for this god. In later times, Khenti-amentiu's name was taken up as a title for Osiris and Anubis, who were also funerary gods. Osiris also became the patron god of Abydos, taking Khenti-amentiu's place. However, Egyptologist John D. Ray suggests that Khenti-amentiu is the same deity as Osiris, who was simply known by a different name before the middle of the Old Kingdom, when Osiris' name first appears.
- Wilkinson, Richard H. The Complete Gods and Goddesses of Ancient Egypt. pp. 119, 187. Thames & Hudson. 2003. ISBN 0-500-05120-8
- Wilkinson, Toby A. H. Early Dynastic Egypt. p. 249. Routledge, 1999. ISBN 0-203-20421-2
- Ray, John D. Reflections of Osiris: Lives from Ancient Egypt. p. 154. Oxford University Press. 2002. ISBN 978-0195158717
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