||This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (January 2014)
Location of Heiss Island in the Franz Josef Archipelago
Ernst Krenkel Observatory (Russian: Обсерватория имени Эрнста Кренкеля) was a former Soviet rocket launching site located on Heiss Island, Franz Josef Land. It is named after a famous Arctic explorer Ernst Krenkel, a member of the crew of the North Pole-1 drift ice station and other notable Soviet polar expeditions.
It served the MR-12 from 1956 to 1980 for the start of elevator research rocketry.
Coordinates: 80°27′N 58°03′E / 80.450°N 58.050°E