Khigga is the style of Assyrian folk dance in which multiple dancers hold each other's hands and form a circle. There are multiple foot patterns that dancers perform. Its thought to have been danced for thousands of years. It is usually performed at weddings and joyous occasions.
The khigga has spread from Anatolia to many other regions, such as Armenia and the Balkans. The khigga is a group of traditional hand-holding dances similar to those from the Balkans and Eastern European countries, with a single or a couple of figure dancers often added to the geometrical centre of the dancing circle.
In many Assyrian weddings, as well as parties and other various social gatherings, people dance khigga for hours. Every region has its own style and forms. Khigga is simple to dance and it is the first beat that is played in welcoming the bride and groom to the reception hall.
In an open dance space, khigga assumes an open circular shape. In a restricted floor space (e.g. a lot of tables), the dance tend to wind over the room and assume spiral, circular and curvy shapes. Arms are predominantly used which usually move independently of the legs. Arm motions include bouncing, swinging forward and back, moving side-to-side, lifting above the head and clapping. The torso, along with the shoulders and arms, bounces up and down rhythmically, often independently of the legs. stomps and stamps are also present.
Khigga has other sub-styles such as "Heavy Khigga" or "Normal Khigga". Heavy simply means the same dance beat but slower. Another style of Khigga involve instead of taking steps forward the dancers will take step back, reversing the dance steps. Both khigga styles go by the time signature of 4/4 and tempo between 88 to 104.
There are many types of Khigga depending on the pace and the accompanying music. Among them are:
- Khigga Yaqoura (Hard core Khigga)
- Khigga Shaykhani
- Khigga Bagiye
- Khigga Chobi/Chobia
The head of the khigga line, referred to as "resha d'khigga" (ܪܝܫܐ ܕܚܓܐ), usually dances with a yalekhta (ܝܠܚܬܐ), or a handkerchief with beads and bells added to the sides so it jingles when shaken. A Yalekhta can have many different designs on the piece of cloth. A "copala" (ܟܘܦܠܐ), or decorated cane, is also used at many Assyrian weddings.