Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary

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Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary
national park
Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary is located in Gujarat
Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary
Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 22°31′N 70°08′E / 22.51°N 70.14°E / 22.51; 70.14Coordinates: 22°31′N 70°08′E / 22.51°N 70.14°E / 22.51; 70.14
Country  India
State Gujarat
District   Jamnagar
Established 1982
Area
 • Total 6.05 km2 (2.34 sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Nearest city Jamnagar
Migratory birds visiting (varieties) 300
Administration Forest Department, Govt. of Gujarat

Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary is a bird sanctuary also known as safe haven for birds[1] located in Jamnagar district of Gujarat, India. It has about 300 varieties of migratory birds.[1]

Sanctuary[edit]

The sanctuary is unique having both fresh water lakes, salt and freshwater marshlands. It is spread over an area of 6.05 km2.[2][3] Before Indian independence, a check dam was built for storing the waters of river Ruparel just before it entered the sea. Over the years with fresh water of the rain and river on one side and salt water of the sea on the other side, a unique area was formed here.[2][4] On the other side of the bund large creeks flowing from the Gulf of Kutch are located. These creeks supports mangroves and other marine vegetation while on land side of the sanctuary inland vegetation like Deshi babul, Pilu, Prosopis and others are found profusely.[2] The sanctuary is located at the watershed of Ruparel river and Kalindri at the North East coastal region of Jamnagar district in the Gulf of Kutch and has a very special and unique ecosystem.[5] Further, as sanctuary is located near Narara Island, therefore it also has a beautiful and bio-diversified coral reef.[4]

Location[edit]

It is located about 12 km away from Jamnagar. It was declared as a Sanctuary on 6 November 1982.[6] It is the biggest bird sanctuary in Gujarat.[7] Buses and taxis are available for going to sanctuary, form where in you have to walk about 3 km to reach inside the sanctuary.[3]It is divided into 2 major parts:part 1 and part 2 mainly dividing salt waters and fresh waters.It is also a good place for a perfect sunrise and sunset.

Birds[edit]

flying pattern of Lesser Flamingos

One can find both sea and shore birds, here like Black neck Stork, Great Crested Grebe, Shikra, Lesser spotted Eagle, Black Ibis, Black-winged Kite, Brahminy Kite, Pheasant-tailed Jacana, Great Thick-Knee, Common Greenshank, Grey Francolin, Imperial Eagle, Little Tern, Black-tailed Godwit, Comb Duck, Common Crane, Common Teal, Dunlin, Garganey, Marsh Harrier, Northern Pintail, Shoveler, Eurasian Wigeon, Pale Harrier, Demoiselle, Cormorants and Darters. Among the other wild life found here are Blue Bulls, Jackal, Wolf, Jungle Cat, Mongoose, Indian hare and snakes.[6]

All the types of nests can be seen here, the ones on tree, on ground and floating nests on water. Here, varieties of ducks make floating nests. For instance, the black-necked storks, which are not found easily anywhere in India, are found here in abundance at Khijadiya.[4]

According to reports available least 257 to 300 types of migratory birds visit the Khijadiya Bird Sanctuary.[2][4][7] The noted Indian ornithologist, Salim Ali when visited the sanctuary in 1984 and he reportedly sited 104 species on a single day.[2][8]

Tourism[edit]

People visit sanctuary, which has now become an eco-tourist village. The birds can be seen here from September till February–March.[3][5]

See also[edit]

  • Arid Forest Research Institute cater the forestry research needs of the Arid and semi arid region of Rajasthan, Gujarat & Dadra and Nagar Haveli & Daman-Diu.

References[edit]