Khilok, Zabaykalsky Krai

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For other places with the same name, see Khilok (inhabited locality).
Khilok (English)
Хилок (Russian)
-  Town  -
Map of Russia - Zabaykalsky Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Zabaykalsky Krai in Russia
Khilok is located in Zabaykalsky Krai
Khilok
Khilok
Location of Khilok in Zabaykalsky Krai
Coordinates: 51°21′N 110°27′E / 51.350°N 110.450°E / 51.350; 110.450Coordinates: 51°21′N 110°27′E / 51.350°N 110.450°E / 51.350; 110.450
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Zabaykalsky Krai
Administrative district Khiloksky District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Khiloksky District[citation needed]
Municipal status
Municipal district Khiloksky Municipal District[citation needed]
Urban settlement Khilok Urban Settlement[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 11,539 inhabitants[1]
Time zone YAKT (UTC+10:00)[2]
Founded 1895[citation needed]
Town status since 1951[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 673200
Dialing code(s) +7 30237[citation needed]

Khilok (Russian: Хилок; IPA: [xʲɪˈlok]) is a town and the administrative center of Khiloksky District of Zabaykalsky Krai, Russia, located on the Khilok River, a right-hand tributary of the Selenga, 261 kilometers (162 mi) west of Chita. Population: 11,539 (2010 Census);[1] 11,152 (2002 Census);[4] 13,858 (1989 Census).[5]

History[edit]

Cossack expeditions had explored the region since the middle of the 17th century; however, the large populations of Buryats and Evenks deterred the Cossacks from founding a permanent settlement. Peter the Great granted wide autonomy to the local princes, and the region was not colonized by Russians until the end of the 19th century when the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway began.

The modern settlement of Khilok was founded in 1895 as a works base around the newly constructed railway station at the Khilok River, the river's name deriving from an Evenk word meaning whetstone.[citation needed] The local section of the Trans-Siberian Railway opened in 1900. Khilok was granted town status in 1951.[citation needed]

Transportation[edit]

The town is a station on the Trans-Siberian Railway.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  4. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.