Khimki

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Khimki (English)
Химки (Russian)
-  City[1]  -
Town of Khimki near Moscow - Babakina Street - in February 2010.jpg
Babakina Street in Khimki (February 2010)
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Khimki is located in Moscow Oblast
Khimki
Khimki
Location of Khimki in Moscow Oblast
Coordinates: 55°54′N 37°27′E / 55.900°N 37.450°E / 55.900; 37.450Coordinates: 55°54′N 37°27′E / 55.900°N 37.450°E / 55.900; 37.450
Coat of Arms of Khimki (Moscow oblast).png
Flag of Khimki (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Administrative status (as of January 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Moscow Oblast[1]
Administratively subordinated to Khimki City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Administrative center of Khimki City Under Oblast Jurisdiction[1]
Municipal status (as of January 2013)
Urban okrug Khimki Urban Okrug[2]
Administrative center of Khimki Urban Okrug[2]
Mayor[citation needed] Oleg Shakhov[3]
Statistics
Area (urban okrug) (January 2013) 109.81 km2 (42.40 sq mi)[2]
Population (2010 Census) 207,425 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 90th
Density 1,889 /km2 (4,890 /sq mi)[5]
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[6]
Founded 1939[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[7] 141400-141446
Dialing code(s) +7 495, 498[citation needed]
Official website
Khimki on WikiCommons

Khimki (Russian: Химки; IPA: [ˈxʲimkʲɪ]) is a city in Moscow Oblast, Russia, situated just northwest of Moscow, at the west bank of the Moscow Canal. Population: 207,425 (2010 Census);[4] 141,000 (2002 Census);[8] 132,902 (1989 Census);[9] 106,000 (1977); 23,000 (1939).

History[edit]

Khimki was officially founded in 1939.[10] It was established around a railroad station with the same name which had existed since 1850 on the Moscow – Saint Petersburg Railway. Currently, the city of Khimki is directly adjacent to the territory of the city of Moscow.

Khimki was the site of the closest German advance to Moscow in November–December 1941. A memorial marking this in a form of a giant tank trap is located at the "Kilometer 23" point (55°54´46.103"N, 37°24´10.577"E) of Leningradskoye Highway, the highway to St. Petersburg, just short of an intersection with the Moscow-St.Petersburg railroad, and close to the IKEA shopping center.

After World War II, Khimki became home to several Soviet aerospace defense development centers, which became the principal employers for the majority of the city population. This included R&D enterprises which designed surface-to-air missiles for S-75, S-125, S-200, S-300 Soviet air defense systems, engines for intercontinental ballistic missiles and satellite launch vehicles, and other types of equipment. For this reason, Khimki was off limits for all foreigners visiting the country, despite its location on a highway between Moscow and its major international airport.

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, it is incorporated as Khimki City Under Oblast Jurisdiction—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, Khimki City Under Oblast Jurisdiction is incorporated as Khimki Urban Okrug.[2]

Present day[edit]

In recent years, the population of the city of Khimki has continued to grow rapidly due to massive residential building construction driven by its proximity to the Moscow megapolis which is densely populated and needs new areas for expansion.

The city enjoys a great deal of commercial activity due to its location between Moscow and one of its main airports, Sheremetyevo. Some aerospace development centers located in Khimki currently contribute to a program of the International Space Station.

The city is home to one of the largest shopping malls in Russia, which features French chain store Auchan and Swedish furniture retailer IKEA.

In 2010, the city was the location of protests over the new Moscow–Saint Petersburg motorway being built through the Khimki Forest.[11]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Khimki is twinned with:

Sports[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #11/2013-OZ
  2. ^ a b c d Law #50/2005-OZ
  3. ^ Досрочные выборы Главы городского округа Химки 14.10.2012(Russian)
  4. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  6. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  10. ^ Город Химки, Московская область(Russian)
  11. ^ "Russia halts forest highway construction as opposition grows". Chicago Tribune. 2010-08-26. 

Sources[edit]

  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №11/2013-ОЗ от 31 января 2013 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области», в ред. Закона №54/2014-ОЗ от 21 мая 2014 г. «Об объединении городов областного подчинения Московской области Королёв и Юбилейный и внесении изменения в Закон Московской области "Об административно-территориальном устройстве Московской области"». Вступил в силу на следующий день после официального опубликования (13 января 2013 г.). Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №24, 12 февраля 2013 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #11/2013-OZ of January 31, 2013 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Law #54/2014-OZ of May 21, 2014 On the Merger of Korolyov and Yubileyny Towns Under Oblast Jurisdiction in Moscow Oblast and Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Moscow Oblast". Effective as of the day following the day of the official publication (January 13, 2013).).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №50/2005-ОЗ от 22 февраля 2005 г. «О статусе и границе городского округа Химки», в ред. Закона №6/2013-ОЗ от 30 января 2013 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границе городского округа Химки"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №40–41, 5 марта 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #50/2005-OZ of February 22, 2005 On the Status and the Border of Khimki Urban Okrug, as amended by the Law #6/2013-OZ of January 30, 2013 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Border of Khimki Urban Okrug". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).