Khlong Toei District
Khet location in Bangkok
|Khet established||November 9, 1989|
|• Total||13.0 km2 (5.0 sq mi)|
|• Density||12,271.3/km2 (31,783/sq mi)|
|Time zone||THA (UTC+7)|
except parts of Phra Khanong: 10260
Khlong Toei (also Klong Toey, Thai: คลองเตย; IPA: [kʰlɔ̄ːŋ tɤ̄ːj]) is a district in central Bangkok, long known for its slum. It is bordered by the Chao Phraya River and contains major port facilities. It is also the location of a major market, though not one of touristic importance.
The district was once part of Phra Khanong. It was later separated into a new district on 9 November 1989. Originally Khlong Toei consisted of 6 sub-districts. Three of which have since left to form the new Watthana district (announced on 14 October 1997, effective from 6 March, 1998).
The area has a history dating back to the ninth century as a port to cities upstream along the Chao Phraya River. It was a city called Pak Nam Phra Pradaeng (Thai: เมืองปากน้ำพระประแดง), as opposed to the current Amphoe Phra Pradaeng built during the King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke period. Khlong Thanon Trong (Thai: คลองถนนตรง) was a khlong (canal) and a parallel road built by King Mongkut around 1857. Later, it became known as Khlong Toei and Khlong Hua Lamphong for different sections of the canal. Khlong Toei means the canal of pandan, as the plant grew along the southern bank of the canal. The road was renamed to Rama IV Road by King Vajiravudh in 1919. In 1947, a large portion of Khlong Toei canal was filled up to expand the Rama IV Road surface.
The district is sub-divided into 3 sub-districts (Khwaeng), from west to east:
|1.||Khlong Toei||คลองเตย||from the railway to Sukhumvit Soi 22|
|2.||Khlong Tan||คลองตัน||from Sukhumvit Soi 22 to Soi 36|
|3.||Phra Khanong||พระโขนง||from Sukhumvit 36 to 52|
Note that Khlong Toei is a both the name of a subdistrict and the district in which it lies. Phra khanong is both a subdistrict of Khlong Toei and a district on its own, with as only subdistrict Bang Chak. Furthermore all three subdistricts listed above have counterparts with addition "Nuea" (North) in district Watthana.
The Khlong Toei Port, also known as Bangkok Port, was Thailand's only major port for sea transportation of cargo. The construction began in 1938 and finished after the end of World War II. The port is located on the Chao Phraya River, not far from the Gulf of Thailand. Due to its limited capacity and traffic problem caused by semi-trailer trucks, much of its shipping operation has been moved to Laem Chabang Port in Chon Buri Province since its opening in July 1981.
- Bangkok Planetarium
- Science Center for Education
- Tamnak Plai Noen, the historic residence of Prince Naris, now converted into a small museum.
- Stock Exchange of Thailand Building
- The Emporium, a luxury shopping centre.
- Lumpinee Boxing Stadium, an indoor Muay Thai arena where matches are regularly held on Tuesday, Friday and Saturday evening except some religious-related holidays.
- Nana Plaza, a major center for prostitution with go go and hostess bars.
- Queen Sirikit National Convention Center, served by the Bangkok Metro station of the same name, hosts various exhibitions around the year.
- Benjakitti Park, a recently created park next to the convention centre. It includes a big lake and is on land that was formerly occupied by the Tobacco Monopoly, the government's tobacco factory.
- Benjasiri Park, another fairly new park, it was created to commemorate Her Majesty Queen Sirikit's 60th birthday. It is next to The Emporium.
- Chuvit Garden, the newest public park in the district was created by massage parlor tycoon-turned-politician Chuwit Kamolvisit from his own plot of land, about 2,400 m² in size and worth about 1,250 million Baht. Opened in December 2005, it is located on Sukhumvit Soi 10.
- Khlong Toei Market, Bangkok's largest wet market.
- PAT Stadium located off Sunthon Kosa Road.
- Port Authority of Thailand
- Eastern Bus Terminal (Ekkamai)
- Thailand Tobacco Monopoly
- Bangkok Skytrain (BTS) stations in the district are Nana, Asok (with interchange to Bangkok Metro Sukhumvit station), Phrom Phong, Thong Lo, Ekkamai, Phra Khanong, and On Nut, all along Sukhumvit Road on the BTS Sukhumvit Line.
- Bangkok Metro (MRTA) has stations Khlong Toei, Queen Sirikit National Convention Center and Sukhumvit (interchange to BTS).
- Eastern Bus Terminal (also called Ekkamai Bus Terminal) has inter-city buses to destinations such as Pattaya, Rayong and Trat. It is located on Sukhumvit Road, near the Ekkamai BTS station.
|This section requires expansion. (March 2013)|
- BMA website with the touristical landmarks of Khlong Toei
- Khlong Toei district office (Thai only)
- History of Khlong Toei port