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|City council||Khmelnytskyi Council|
|City rights||September 22, 1937|
|• City Head||Serhiy Melnyk|
|• Total||90 km2 (30 sq mi)|
|• Density||2,822/km2 (7,310/sq mi)|
|Area code(s)||+380 382|
Khmelnytskyi (Ukrainian: Хмельни́цький, Khmel'nyts'ky; Russian: Хмельни́цкий, Khmel'nitsky; Polish: Chmielnicki) (until 1954, Proskuriv, Ukrainian: Проскурів) is a city in central Ukraine, the administrative center for the Khmelnytskyi Oblast (province). Khmelnytskyi is located in the historic region of Podolia on the banks of the Southern Buh River.
As of 2009, the city's population was 290,100.
|This section requires expansion. (August 2013)|
The city was founded in 1431 as Ploskyriv or Ploskyrivtsi (Плоскирів or Плоскирівці), and later came to be called Proskuriv (Проскурів), but in 1954 was renamed Khmelnytskyi (Хмельницький) on the 300th anniversary of a treaty negotiated by Bohdan Khmelnytsky.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2013)|
A series of pogroms were carried out in the region known in the history as the Proskurov pogrom. Particularly, that event was brought up during the Schwartzbard mistrial after which the Petliura's assassin was pardoned on the grounds of self-trail (revenge). According to Vinnytsia's city archives the pogrom was conducted on the Friday night February 15, 1919 by one of the otamans (generals) of the Ukrainian People's Army Otaman Semysenko. In total 390 men, 309 women and 76 children were killed in the pogrom, and an additional 500 individuals were wounded. The chief Otaman Petliura was appointed the head of state just two days prior to the tragedy on February 13. Petliura issued the Order 131 in which he mentioned the fact that numerous Jewish parties in Ukraine (Bund, Poale Zion, Folks-Partei, Unificationists) rose to the sovereignty of the Ukrainian Republic and were cooperating with the Ukrainian government, and he condemned such actions calling those initiators deserters, enemies of the State that must be liquidated. The order was co-signed by the Chief of staff otaman Yunakiv. The order was published in the Ukraina newspaper on February 20 (March 4, old style). Later Petliura issued a special order to execute Semysenko as the pogrom-initiator, which was accomplished on March 20, 1920.[verification needed]
Cold War-time military base
The city was home during the Cold War to the 19th Division of the 43rd Rocket Army of the Soviet Strategic Rocket Forces. The intercontinental ballistic missile silos of the division were removed and destroyed, partially with U.S. Cooperative Threat Reduction funding, during the 1990s.
Geography and natural resources
Khmelnytskyi is the regional center of Khmelnytskyi region which is located in the western part of Ukraine in the middle of Volhynia-Podilska.
Its total area is 8624 hectares.
On 01.01.2007 the population of the city was 258,300. The average life expectancy of its inhabitants is 65 years for men, and 75 years for women.
The city's birth rate is continuing to grow. In 2006, 2593 children were born.
Due to its geographical location and natural resources Khmelnytskyi has always attracted foreigners, including Turks, Germans, Hungarians, Poles, Lithuanians, Austrians, Swedes and Russians.
The city has a favorable geographical position. The distance from Khmelnytskyi to Kyiv by the railway is 366 km (227 mi), by highway is 384 km (239 mi). The highways Kyiv-Lviv, Odesa-Lviv and Chernivtsi-Kyiv pass through the city. The city has an airport with a 2,200 m (7,217.85 ft) concrete runway; at the airport there is a check point for crossing the state border of Ukraine.
The city is crossed by one of the longest rivers of Ukraine – the Southern Bug.
The climate of the city is moderate-continental. The average temperature of the air in the warmest month (July) is 20 to 22 °C (68 to 72 °F), and in the coldest month (January) is −5 to −6 °C (23 to 21 °F). The maximum temperature in summer reaches 36 to 38 °C (97 to 100 °F), the minimum temperature in winter is −24 to −30 °C (−11 to −22 °F). The average annual temperature is 7 to 8 °C (45 to 46 °F). The average annual precipitation is 510 to 580 mm (20.08 to 22.83 in). The most widespread ground making layers are the following overburden: loess and loess-type rocks.
The ground-climatic conditions of the city are favorable for cultivation of winter wheat and rye, sugar beet, potato and other crops and for the development of gardening and vegetable growing.
On the territory of the city there is vegetation of two geobotanical zones of Ukraine: Polissya and forest-steppe.
In the region and in the city there are many rock products, particularly building materials: limestone, plaster, chalk, tripoli powder, crystal layers (granites, gneisses), sand and sandstones, and also graphite, saponite, kaolin, phosphorite, lithographic stone and roofing slate. There are deposits of peat, bitumen, shale and oil.
|Climate data for Khmelnytskyi (1955-2011)|
|Record high °C (°F)||12.0
|Average high °C (°F)||−2.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−4.5
|Average low °C (°F)||−7.4
|Record low °C (°F)||−30.5
|Precipitation mm (inches)||32.5
|Avg. precipitation days||20.7||19.0||17.7||13.1||11.0||11.3||10.5||7.7||10.5||11.5||16.1||20.2||169.3|
Khmelnytskyi has convenient transport connections with Moscow, Prague, Bratislava, Warsaw, Budapest, Belgrade and all major Ukrainian cities. The city is served by Khmelnytskyi Ruzhychna Airport.
Points of interest
- Proskurivska street, a modern central pedestrian street of the city, preserved buildings of the end of the 19th - the beginnings of 20th century in the styles of modernist, eclecticisms, Baroque, stone (characteristic only for Proskuriv).
- The house of the former Oleksiyivske real school (now it is the building of the City Executive Committee)
- The house of O. Brusilov (now is the House of Ceremonial events)
- The church of Nativity of the Virgin (the first stone construction in the city)
- The Protection cathedral
- Saint-Georgiy church
- Andriy Pervozvannyi church in "Dubovo" district
Famous people from Khmelnytskyi
- Ariel Durant, American author and historian
- Alberto Gerchunoff, Argentine author and journalist
- Anatoly Kashpirovsky, Russian psychotherapist and psychic healer
- Mischa Mischakoff, Russian violinist, teacher, and conductor
- Oleksandr Ponomaryov, Ukrainian singer
- Bohdan Shershun, Ukrainian footballer
- Alexandra Shevchenko, FEMEN activist
Twin towns — Sister cities
Khmelnytskyi is twinned with:
- Modesto, United States (1987)
- Silistra, Bulgaria (1992)
- Bor, Serbia (1995)
- Bălți, Moldova (1996)
- Ciechanów, Poland (1996)
- Kramfors, Sweden (1997)
- Shijiazhuang, China (1998)
- Tver, Russia (2007)
Views of Khmelnytskyi
- The alternative transliterations of the name include Khmel’nyts’kyỹ, Khmel’nyts’kyy, Khmelnitsky, and Khmelnitskiy
- Faina Vinokurova, PhD in historical sciences.
- Feskov, V.I.; Kalashnikov, K.A., Golikov, V.I. (2004). The Soviet Army in the Years of the Cold War 1945–91. Tomsk: Tomsk University Publishing House. p. 133. ISBN 5-7511-1819-7.
- "Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine Climate Data". Climatebase. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Khmelnitsky.|
|Look up Khmelnytskyi in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- khmelnytsky.com - Khmelnytskyi City Rada website
- Photos of Khmelnytskyi
- Khmelnytskyi Sights and Streets