Khmelnytskyi Oblast

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Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Хмельницька область
Khmel’nyts’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Khmelnytskyi Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Хмельниччина (Khmelnychchyna)
Khmelnytskyi in Ukraine.svg
Coordinates: 49°32′N 26°52′E / 49.53°N 26.87°E / 49.53; 26.87Coordinates: 49°32′N 26°52′E / 49.53°N 26.87°E / 49.53; 26.87
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Khmelnytskyi
Government
 • Governor Leonid Prus[1][2] (UDAR[1])
 • Oblast council ? seats
 • Chairperson Ivan Vasylyovych Hladuniak
Area
 • Total 20,645 km2 (7,971 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 19th
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,367,892
 • Rank Ranked 14th
 • Density 66/km2 (170/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 29000-31999
Area code +380-38
ISO 3166 code UA-68
Raions 20
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
13
4
Urban-type settlements 24
Villages 1416
FIPS 10-4 UP09
Website adm-km.gov.ua
General view of the Bernardine Monastery in Iziaslav

Khmelnytskyi Oblast (Ukrainian: Хмельницька область, translit. Khmel’nyts’ka oblast’; also referred to as KhmelnychchynaUkrainian: Хмельниччина) is an oblast (province) of western Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Khmelnytskyi.

The current estimated population is around 1,401,140 (as of 2004).

Geography[edit]

Khmelnytskyi Oblast has a total area of 20,600 km2 (7,953.70 sq mi) (3.4% of the total area of Ukraine) is located between 48°27' and 50°37' north latitude and between 26°09' and 27°56' east longitude. It is 220 km (136.70 mi) long when measured from north to south, and is 120 km (74.56 mi) in length when measured from east to west. The oblast borders the Rivne Oblast to the northwest, the Zhytomyr Oblast to the northeast, the Vinnytsia Oblast to the east, the Chernivtsi Oblast to the south, and the Ternopil Oblast to the west.

Elevations[edit]

The Podillia highland (270–370 meters above sea-level) occupies the central area of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast. The northwestern areas of the oblast are part of the Volyn highland (highest point — 329 m above sea-level), while to the north, the oblast claims a part of the historic region of Polissia (highest point — 200–250 m above sea-level). The southwestern territory of the Khmelnytskyi Oblast is crossed by the Tovtry range (Ukrainian: Товтровий кряж, translit. Tovtryi kryazh), which includes Mount Velyka Buhaikha (Ukrainian: Велика Бугаїха), the highest point of oblast at 409 m above sea-level. The extreme south of the oblast has a surface with the canyon-like river valleys. The Dneister Reservoir located there is the lowest point of the oblast (121 m above sea-level) .

Rivers and Lakes[edit]

There are 120 rivers with a length of 10 km (6.21 mi) or more in the Khmelnytskyi Oblast. The largest of these are the Dniester River (which flows for 160 km (99.42 mi) within the oblast), as well as its tributaries: Smotrych, Ushytsia, and the Zbruch — and the Southern Buh River (which flows for 120 km (74.56 mi) within the oblast), as well as its tributaries: Buzhok, Ikva, and Vovk. The rivers of the Dnieper River's basin — Horyn, Khmora, and Sluch Rivers also run through the oblast. The oblast's lakes are located mostly in basin of the Horyn River. The largest reservoir in the oblast is the Dniester Reservoir.

There are 1858 ponds and/or reservoirs in the oblast. The largest of these include Shchedrivske (with a surface area of 12.58 km²), Novostavske (with a surface area of 11.68 km²), and Kuzmynske (with a surface area of 7.65 km²).

History[edit]

Khmelnytskyi Oblast was created on September 22, 1937 as the Kamianets-Podilskyi Oblast (Ukrainian: Кам’янець-Подільськa область, translit., Kamyanets-Podil'ska oblast’). In March 1941 the administrative center of the oblast was moved from Kamianets-Podilskyi to the city of Proskuriv (now Khmelnytskyi). In 1954, Proskuriv was renamed Khmelnytskyi, and soon afterward, the oblast was renamed to Khmelnytskyi Oblast.

Administrative divisions[edit]

The oblast is subdivided into 20 raions (administrative districts). It consists of 6 municipalities, 13 cities, 24 towns, and more than 1,417 villages.

The following data incorporates the number of each type of administrative divisions of Kiev Oblast:

  • Administrative Center – 1 (Khmelnytskyi)
  • Raions — 20;
  • City raions — 0;
  • Settlements — 1452, including:
    • Villages — 1415;
    • Cities/Towns — 37, including:
      • Urban-type settlement — 24;
      • Cities — 13, including:
        • Cities of oblast' subordinance — 6;
        • Cities of raion subordinance — 7;
  • Selsovets — 568.

The local administration of the oblast' is controlled by the Khmelnytskyi Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast' is the Khmelnytskyi Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

The beginning of city's main street, Proskurivska street in Khmelnytskyi
The Kamianets-Podilskyi Castle. The bastion on the right was guarding the bridgehead leading to the fortress. In the far right the "New Castle" is visible.


Demographics[edit]

Khmelnytskyi Oblast's population is 1,401,140 as of January 1, 2004. As of 2002, the oblast ranks 13th by population in Ukraine. The population density is 69.5/km².

Pensioners make up 453,800 thousand people or 31,7% of population. The birth rate per 1,000 residents is 8.3, and the death rate — per 1000 residents – 16.1.[3] The urban population, according to the 2001 Ukrainian Census data, accounted for 729,600 people, or 51%, and the rural population — for 701,200 people, or 49%.[4]

According to the data, the number of men accounted for 659,900 people, or 46.1%, that of women — 770,900 people, or 53.9%.

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 15.1% Increase (male 101,597/female 95,783)
15-64 years: 68.5% Decrease (male 435,464/female 463,058)
65 years and over: 16.4% Decrease (male 69,479/female 145,420) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 40.4 years Increase
male: 37.1 years Increase
female: 43.6 years Steady (2013 official)

Economy[edit]

The economy of the oblast mostly deals with the energy industry, transport and agriculture. The oblast is situated at a historical crossroad of the railway and highway routes connecting Central Europe to Black Sea coast and Russia (with the city of Shepetivka being the most important railway junction). The Khmelnyts’ka nuclear power plant in the city of Netishyn is the most important industrial company of the oblast. Notable machinery, armament and chemical industries are also present.

Attractions[edit]

  • Kamyanets National historical-architectural preserve
  • Medjybizh National historical-cultural preserve
  • Samchyky State historical-cultural preserve

Nomenclature[edit]

Most of Ukraine's oblasts are named after their capital cities, officially referred to as "oblast centers" (Ukrainian: обласний центр, translit. oblasnyi tsentr). The name of each oblast is a relative adjective, formed by adding a feminine suffix to the name of respective center city: Khmelnytskyi is the center of the Khmelnyts’ka oblast’ (Khmelnytskyi Oblast).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

  • adm-km.gov.ua – Official website of Khmelnytskyi Oblast Administration (Ukrainian)
  • Khmelnytsky – Site of Khmelnytskyi (Ukrainian) (Russian)