Kho kho

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Kho kho
Kho Kho game at a Government school in Haryana, India.jpg
Boys in a Government School in Haryana, India playing kho-kho
Team members 12 players per side. 9 in the field

Kho Kho is a tag sport played by teams of twelve players who try to avoid being touched by members of the opposing team, only 9 players of the team enter the field.[1] It is one of the two most popular traditional tag games of South Asia, the other being Kabbadi.[2] Apart from South Asia (mainly Bangladesh, India and Pakistan), it is also played in South Africa.[3]


  • Each team consists of 12 players, but only 9 players take the field.
  • A match consists of two innings. An inning consists of chasing and running turns of 9 minutes each.
  • Then, 1 team sits/kneels in the middle of the court, in a row, with adjacent members facing opposite directions.
  • The chasers end in the shortest time possible.
  • The team that takes the shortest time to tag/tap all the opponents in the field, wins.
  • Then players can take off the field.
  • They must sit in a zig zag manner.
  • There is a pole on each end. The runner can go between two players who are sitting in zig zag manner, but the chaser is not allowed to turn back while running and go between the players. But chaser can go to pole and touch it and can go back or go to other side.


Schematic representation of a Kho-kho pitch (field). White lines are the markers, black circles are wooden poles (~ 4 feet tall), yellow arrows are chasing team members (facing as the arrow-heads are), blue smiley faces are the defenders (arrive in batches of 3).

A Kho Kho playground (or pitch) is rectangular.[4] It is 29 meters in length and 16 metres in width. There are two rectangles at the end. One side of the rectangle is 16 metre and the other side is 2.75 meters. In the middle of these two rectangles, there are two wooden poles. The central lane is 23.5 meters long and 30 cm width . There are eight cross lanes which lie across central lane, length of the cross lanes, are 16  meters and width 30  cm. It makes the small rectangles and each of it is 16  meters in length and 2.3 meters in breadth,(the two rectangles of near by the wooden poles are 2.5   meters width) at right angles to the central lane and divided equally into two parts of 7.85 meters each by central lane. At the end of central lane, two posts are fixed. They are 120 cm height from the ground and their circumference is not less than 30 cm and not more than 40 cm. The post is made of wooden poles which are smooth all over. The posts are fixed firmly in the free zone tangent to the post-line at a height between 120 to 125 cm.


The equipment used in Kho Kho are poles/post, strings, metallic measuring tape, lime powder, wire nails, two watches, types of rings having inner circumference of 30 cm and 40 cm, score shots (like a whistle, for instance), and some stationery to write results etc.. [5]

Strategies, preparation, terminology[edit]

Kho Kho is an extremely complicated and tactical sport.[citation needed] It teaches how to craft strategies and it prepare players for intense physical activity and stamina.[6]

See also[edit]


Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]