Kho kho

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Kho kho
Kho Kho game at a Government school in Haryana, India.jpg
Boys in a Government School in Haryana, India playing kho-kho
Team members 12 players per side. 9 in the field

Kho kho is a tag sport played by teams of twelve players who try to avoid being touched by members of the opposing team, only 9 players of the team enter the field.[1] It is one of the two most popular traditional tag games of the Indian subcontinent, the other being kabbadi.[2] Apart from the Subcontinent, it is also played in South Africa.[3]


  • Each team consists of 12 players, but only 9 players take the field.
  • A match consists of two innings. An inning consists of chasing and running turns of 9 minutes each.
  • Then, 1 team sits/kneels in the middle of the court, in a row, with adjacent members facing opposite directions.
  • The chasers end in the shortest time possible.
  • The team that takes the shortest time to tag/tap all the opponents in the field, wins.
  • Then players can take off the field.
  • They must sit in a zig zag manner.
  • There is a pole on each end. The runner can go between two players who are sitting in zig zag manner, but the chaser is not allowed to turn back while running and go between the players. But chaser can go to pole and touch it and can go back or go to other side.


Asian Kho Kho Federation (A.K.K.F.) was established in the year 1987 during 3rd SAF Games, held at Kolkota, India. The member country was India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Maldives
Kho Kho made its entry into INTERNATIONAL SPORTS Arena via 1st ASIAN KHO KHO CHAMPIONSHIP held at Kolkata, India in 1996, organized by West Bengal Kho Kho Association under the auspices of Kho Kho Federation of India and SIAN Kho Kho Federation on "Tera Flex" Court at Netaji Subhash Indoor Stadium, Kolkota, West Bengal, India in a most beautiful manner. India and Bangladesh were Winner and Runner-up respectively. The participants were Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and host India.

2nd Asian KhoKho Championship was held in Bangladesh in the year 2000 at Mirapur Indoor Stadium, Dhaka, Bangladesh has strengthened the approach of the game KhoKho in the International Arena. India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Nepal, Japan, Thailand and host Bangladesh were participants of the Championship.


Schematic representation of a kho-kho pitch (field). White lines are the markers, black circles are wooden poles (~ 4 feet tall), yellow arrows are chasing team members (facing as the arrow-heads are), blue smiley faces are the defenders (arrive in batches of 3).

A kho kho playground (or pitch) is rectangular.[4] It is 29 meters in length and 16 metres in width. There are two rectangles at the end. Length of the rectangle is 16 metre and the width is 2.75 meters. In the middle of these two rectangles, there are two wooden poles. The central lane is 23.5 meters long and 30 cm width. There are eight cross lanes which lie across central lane, length of the cross lanes, are 16  meters and width 30  cm. It makes the small rectangles and each of it is 16  meters in length and 2.3 meters in breadth,(the two rectangles of near by the wooden poles are 2.5   meters width) at right angles to the central lane and divided equally into two parts of 7.85 meters each by central lane. At the end of central lane, the free zone tangent to the post-line, two smooth wooden posts are fixed, 120 cm height from the ground and their circumference is not less than 30 cm and not more than 40 cm.


The equipment used in kho kho are poles/post, strings, metallic measuring tape, lime powder, wire nails, two watches, types of rings having inner circumference of 30 cm and 40 cm, score shots (like a whistle, for instance), and stationery to write results. [5]


Kho kho is an complicated and tactical sport.[citation needed] It teaches how to craft strategies and it prepare players for intense physical activity and stamina.[6]We can use the following defence tactics:1.A route defence, 2.Single chain defence and 3.Double Chain. We can use the following chasing skills and running skills: 1. Chasing Skills

 a. Giving Kho .
 b. Taking Direction.
 c. Sudden Change.
 d. Tapping.
 e. Diving.
 f.  Fake Kho.
 g. Late Kho.

2. Running Skills

 a. Position on the court.
 b. Running.
 c. Avoiding .
 d. Positioning near the post.
 e. Dodging
   (i). Front dodge.
   (ii). Back dodge.
   (iii). Round the post dodge.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Tripura KHO KHO Association @ Tripura4u". Retrieved 28 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Peter A. Hastie (1 July 2010). Student-Designed Games: Strategies for Promoting Creativity, Cooperation, and Skill Development. Human Kinetics. pp. 52–. ISBN 978-0-7360-8590-8. Retrieved 7 March 2012. 
  3. ^ A trip through SA's indigenous games. 14 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Kho Kho Field". WebIndia123. 
  5. ^ "Equipment". 
  6. ^ "Indian Olympic Association: Kho Kho rules". Retrieved 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]