Kholuy, Ivanovo Oblast

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Kholuy (English)
Холуй (Russian)
-  Rural locality  -
Selo[citation needed]
Map of Russia - Ivanovo Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Ivanovo Oblast in Russia
Kholuy is located in Ivanovo Oblast
Kholuy
Kholuy
Location of Kholuy in Ivanovo Oblast
Coordinates: 56°34′32″N 41°52′27″E / 56.57556°N 41.87417°E / 56.57556; 41.87417Coordinates: 56°34′32″N 41°52′27″E / 56.57556°N 41.87417°E / 56.57556; 41.87417
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Ivanovo Oblast
Administrative district Yuzhsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2002 Census) 1,031 inhabitants[1]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[2]
Founded 1546[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[3] 155633

Kholuy (Russian: Хо́луй) is a rural locality (a selo) in Yuzhsky District of Ivanovo Oblast, Russia, situated southwest of Puchezh 71 kilometers (44 mi) from the Shuya railway station. Population: 1,031 (2002 Census);[4] 1,299 (1989 Census).[5]

Geography and economy[edit]

Kholuy is located on the banks of the Teza River, a tributary of the Klyazma River. Its economy is based on textile production, sewing, forestry, woodworking, baked goods, agriculture, and artistic handicrafts. Kholuy's area of specialty in the artistic sphere revolves around the painting of lacquered boxes, made from papier mache (Kholuy miniature).

History[edit]

Kholuy had urban-type settlement status until 2004, when it was demoted to a rural locality.[6]

Icon painting[edit]

A Russian legend claims that it was a home to icon-painters even before the Mongol invasions. At least since the 17th century, Kholuy has been a producer of lacquer boxes, plates, and other painted items that this region of Russia is famous for. After the October Revolution, icon-painting became unpopular and even dangerous. However, Kholuy painters kept painting, at this time in secrecy, giving the area a kind of legitimacy in the cultural and artistic world.

The style of icon painting in Kholuy is particular to this town, and distinctly different from the more widely known Palekh style of painting. The icon-painters in Kholuy use a large amount of green hues, as opposed to the style of using mostly red colors, as is traditional in Palekh.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  4. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  5. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ [1]